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Technical Barriers to Trade Part 4: Conformity Assessment
NONTARIFF BARRIERS, TRADE BARRIERS, WTO

The WTO Agreement on TBT defines conformity assessment as any procedure used, directly or indirectly, to determine that relevant requirements in technical regulations or standards are fulfilled. Conformity assessment procedures include, inter alia, procedures for sampling, testing and inspection; evaluation, verification and assurance of conformity; registration, accreditation and approval as well as their combinations.




Published - October 2010
Free Trade Area of the Americas: the scope of the negotiations
FTAA, FREE TRADE AREA, TRADE AGREEMENTS

The purpose of this work is to analyze the negotiation agenda of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), its participants¿ main interests and the main conflicts that might arise in the process. Hence, a revision of the core interests pursued by countries in each of the nine FTAA negotiating groups is made. Interests are classified into "defensive" and "offensive". The first, are those pursued by the status quo, generally associated with the protection of the domestic market, and the latter, respond to the objective of achieving free access to the markets of participating countries. Then, diverse factors characterizing the FTAA negotiation as a unique initiative, are examined, namely: (1) the ambitious negotiation agenda and the relatively short time for its accomplishment; (2) the high number of participating countries; (3) diversity in size and productive structure of participating countries; (4) the coincidence of FTAA negotiations, the Doha Round and trade agreements signed by a significant number of countries in the region; (5) the coexistence of the future hemispheric agreement with current trade and other agreements in the region; and (6) the USA political environment. - See more at: https://publications.iadb.org/handle/11319/2563#sthash.rt4fzzwd.dpuf.




Published - June 2003
MERCOSUR report 2001-2002
MERCOSUR, TRADE AGREEMENTS, FOREIGN TRADE

The eighteen months from June 2001 to end December 2002 were a period of unprecedented economic crisis within MERCOSUR, stemming from the sharp external shock that, with different characteristics, origins, and consequences in each member country, manifested itself in the blocs two main economies as the exhaustion of market or voluntary credit. This phenomenon occurred in the context of a world economy with little momentum, one finding it highly difficult to recover the growth rate of the 1990s, and characterized, in particular, by limited flows of liquidity towards emerging markets. Unlike the traumatic events of recent years, this was not a case of mere contagion effect among neighboring and partner countries. - See more at: https://publications.iadb.org/handle/11319/2953#sthash.7tqO2KzF.dpuf.




Published - January 2003
Aid for Trade : Supporting Trade Preference Reform
AID FOR TRADE, TRADE FACILITATION, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Aid-for-trade programs can help strengthen low-income countries' supply capacity and knowledge of trade preferences, which will allow them to take fuller advantage of these preferences. Aid for trade to support preference reform can be divided into three categories: (i) creation of information-sharing mechanisms to ensure that governments, SMEs and other businesses are aware of the opportunities that preferential market access offers; (ii) capacity-building support to overcome supply-side and policy constraints; and (iii) support to ease the adjustments to preference erosion that will inevitably occur. As with other aid initiatives, coordination and cohesion among assistance programs is critical for success. Deliver mechanisms such as the Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF), the Trade Facilitation Facility (TFF), and the Standards and Trade Development Facility (STDF), are aimed at facilitating such coordination, but more could be done. And, as preference programs are intended to be temporary, aid for trade can also facilitate graduation from these programs and compensate beneficiaries for preference erosion. Unfortunately, this are is still lacking the level of innovation and financial support needed.




Published - 2010
World Investment Report 2015: Reforming International Investment Governance
INVESTMENT, FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS

The World Investment Report tackles the key challenges in international investment protection and promotion,including the right to regulate, investor-state dispute settlement, and investor responsibility. Furthermore, it examines the fiscal treatment of international investment, including contributions of multinational corporations in developing countries, fiscal leakage through tax avoidance, and the role of offshore investment links. The Report offers a menu of options for the reform of the international investment treaties regime, together with a roadmap to guide policymakers at the national, bilateral, regional and multilateral levels. It also proposes a set of principles and guidelines to ensure coherence between international tax and investment policies.




Published - 2015
Agritrade News Update
AGRICULTURE, RURAL COOPERATION, WTO, ACP, EU, NEGOTIATION

Agritrade aims to create and heighten awareness of the critical issues, deadlines and fora of discussions on agriculture and rural cooperation and provides information on developments pertinent to the ACP-EU negotiations and related developments in the WTO. For further information visit http://agritrade.cta.int/en/Back-issues/Agriculture-monthly-news-update/2010.




Published - 2010
Prospects for CARICOM Services Exports in Information and Communications Technology: Trade and Investment Issues
ICT, CARICOM, SERVICES, TRADE, INVESTMENT

The purpose of this paper is to discuss and asses the challenges to CARICOM deriving from these various negotiating forums and processes for services4 in particular as it relates to CARICOM service exports in information and communications technology and to provide recommendations on how CARICOM as a region should approach impending negotiations.




Published - 2003
CARIFORUM - EU Business Forum: Recommendations and Findings on ICT: Reaping the Benefits of the EPA
CARIFORUM, EU, EPA, ICT

The CARIFORUM and the EU business sectors established the CARIFORUM-EU Business Forum on November 26th, 2008 in Barbados. The Forum, which follows the signing of the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) in October 2008, will serve as the framework for public-private sector dialogue for fostering business between the two regions. The main objective of this Forum is to promote business among operators from both the Caribbean and the EU and to identify key sectors that will become the economic drivers to assist both regions - most particularly the Caribbean - in reaping the benefits of the EPA.




Published - 2008
Guidelines for Exporters of Fruit and Vegetables to the European Market
EU, FRUIT, VEGETABLES, MARKETING RESEARCH

This hardbook provides an introduction to the trade in the EU, looking in turn at the EU and its constituents markets, products with potential, the practicabilities of an export enterprise and finally the regulations. Addresses, trade fairs and bibliography complete the appendices of the handbook. To read this handbook visit http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/commonwealth/trade/guidelines-for-exporters-of-fruit-vegetables-to-the-european-markets_9781848597396-en.




Published - January 2001
The CARICOM Environment in Figures 2004
CARICOM, STATISTICS, ENVIRONMENT

This report was prepared by the CARICOM Secretariat, statistics sub-programme based on data submitted by Member States and Associate Members, from the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) and from other regional and national organisations.  The publication focusses on twelve (12 themes which are: Population and Households, Tourism, Environmental Health, Natural Disasiers, Energy and Minerals, Land Use and Agriculture, Coastal and Marine Resources, Biodiversity, Forest, Air, Waste and Water.




Published - 2008
Doing business in Bermuda: A country commercial guide for US companies
BERMUDA, TRADE PRACTICES, TRADE FACILITATION, TRADE OPPORTUNITIES, TRADE POLICY, IMPORT POLICY, INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES

This publication provided information on the Bermudian political and economic environment, trade regulations and standards and the investment climate.  Also looks at trade and project financing, market research, trade events and leading sectors for U.S. export and investment.




Published - 2008
Report on the Caribbean Export / Caribbean Design Network 2nd Product Development and Creative Workshop, August 11-12, 2009
DESIGN, CARIBBEAN, HANDICRAFTS, CARIBBEAN DESIGN NETWORK

The overall goal of the Caribbean Design Network/Onsite Caribbean Project is to increase the competitiveness of micro and small sized enterprises in the region through the development of export-ready craft collections and to launch and promote these collections in regional and international markets.




Published - 2009
Regional e-Preparedness Report: State of e-Business and Potential for Development in the Caribbean Region.,
CARIBBEAN, CARICOM, ELECTRONIC COMMERCE, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.,

Paper focusing on the status of e-trade readiness of the 13 member States of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), and outlining basic e-trade readiness factors for each country - assesses extent of the presence of e-trade practices within the business enterprises, used in the context of international trade; analyses the extent of e-trade support network and initiatives already in place in each country; examines the level of infrastructure and policies conducive to e-trade at national level; appendices include duties and taxes on information technology (IT) equipment in CARICOM member States; CARICOM receipt, payment and balance of services; country IT indicators; digitizable media products, and definition of selected related terms; also includes bibliographical references.,


Published - 2003
Implementation of the recommendations of the Architecture Group at CARIFORUM-EU Business Forum proposed roadmap
CARIFORUM, EU, ARCHITECTURAL SERVICES, TRADE OPPORTUNITY, TRADE FAIR

The report concludes that the architecture sector in the region seems appropriately set at the moment to play a pivotal role in the development of interaction between Europe and CARIFORUM. Initially, there appears to be need for some institutional support while the existing associations are strengthened. It is proposed that Caribbean Export be requested to carry out this function in the initial period. Thereafter, existing organizations can take responsibility for different aspects of the enterprise.  Creating stronger linkages between firms and associations in the CARICOM with the Dominican Institutions and Firms is critical. Consideration might also be given to promoting exchanges at the educational level, particularly in areas related to continuous improvement and skills upgrading. This will necessitate collaboration between educational and professional associations within the partners to ensure certification of programmes and acceptance of newly-gained competencies. These increased contacts will hopefully lead to new business linkages and cooperation in seeking out new business opportunities in the Caribbean and with Europe.




Published - February 2009
Doing Business 2009: Caribbean States
CARIBBEAN, TRADE PRACTICES, TRADE OPPORTUNITIES, INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES

Doing Business 2009 is the sixth in a series of annual reports investigating regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. A set of regulations affecting 10 stages of a business's life are measured " starting a business, dealing with construction permits, employing workers, registering property, getting credit, protecting investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts and closing a business. The indicators are used to analyze economic outcomes and identify what reforms have worked where and why. The following pages present the summary Doing Business indicators for Caribbean states (www.sidsnet.org).




Published - 2008
Report Onsite Caribbean 2 Seminar and Planning Meeting May 22-26, 2009, Guyana,
CARIBBEAN,DESIGN,HANDICRAFTS,CARIBBEAN DESIGN NETWORK,


Published - 2009
Production statistics, 1999.,
STATISTICAL DATA.,JAMAICA.,


Published - 2000
Doing Business in the Bahamas: 2009 Country Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies,
BAHAMAS,TRADE PRACTICES,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES,TRADE FACILITATION,


Published - 2009
ACP-EU partnership agreement signed in COTONOU on June 23, 2003.,
ACP.,EU.,TRADE AGREEMENT.,


Published - 2000
Doing Business in Antigua and Barbuda: A Country Guide for U.S. Companies,
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA,TRADE PRACTICES,TRADE FACILITATION,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,TRADE POLICY,IMPORT POLICY,INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES,


Published - 2010
Doing Business in Bulgaria: 2009 Country Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies,
BULGARIA,TRADE PRACTICES,TRADE FACILITATION,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,TRADE POLICY,IMPORT POLICY,INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES,


Published - 2009
Trade Policy Review. Report by the Secretariat, Guyana,
GUYANA,TRADE POLICY,


Published - 2009
Effective public-private partnership in the information technology sector: How to enhance business and trade capacities.,
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.,PARTNERSHIP.,PRIVATE SECTOR.,PUBLIC sECTOR.,

Study focusing on the significance of public-private partnership in the area of information and communication technology (ICT), as a key to bridging the digital divide - discusses the concept of partnership and describes the acitivities of the public/government sector in providing an overall ICT support framework; analyzes the implication of public-private partnership for SME's, and examines related experiences in the European Union and transition economies; also reviews events in other countries, some of which have transformed their economies by developing effective ICT industries; present the views of the business community, as perceived by Ericson Europe, on the importance of public-private parrtnership in this area.,


Published - 2003
Doing Business in Brazil: 2009 Country Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies,
BRAZIL,TRADE PRACTICES,TRADE FACILITATION,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,TRADE POLICY,IMPORT POLICY,INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES,


Published - 2009
World Directory of Trade Promotion Organizations and other trade support institutions.,
DIRECTORIES.,TRADE PROMOTION.,TRADE PROMOTION INFRASTRUCTURE.,

Directory of trade promotion organisation and other trade support institutions involved in international trade - includes ministries, trade promotion organizations, import promotion offices, chambers of commerce and industry in principal business centres and/or federations of chambers of commerce and industry, trade associations, operational trade points and in separate chapters, selected regional and international organisations; list of organisations in (English) alphabetical order of countries/territories with addresses, telephone and telefax numbers, electronic mail and Internet site addresses.,


Published - 2009
Doing Business in Bolivia: A Country Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies,
BOLIVIA,TRADE PRACTICES,TRADE FACILITATION,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,TRADE POLICY,IMPORT POLICY,INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES,


Published - 2010
Exporting Automotive Components: An answer book for small and medium-sized enterprises.,
AUTOMOTIVE PARTS.,EXPORT MARKETING.,MARKET ACCESS.,

Guidebook aimed at small and medium-sized enterprises, presented in the form of questions and answers covering various aspects of exporting in the automotive components sector - outlines fundamentals of exporting; highlights information sources on industry trends, and buyers and suppliers; explains ISO's relevant quality standards; deals with trade channels, client requirements and costing and pricing issues; provides guidelines on market research, price information sources; covers customs and import duties, Internet directories, e-commerce, online procurement, and packaging and labelling; discusses WTO-related issues and intellectual property aspect,s.,


Published - 2003
Influencing and Meeting International Standards: Challenges for developing countries. Volume one- background information, findings from case studies and technical assistance needs.,
CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT.,SPS,&,STANDARDIZATION.,TBT.,

Study dealing with technical assistance needs of developing countries in order to conform with technical regulations and sanitary and phytosanitary measures required by export markets - provides background information on the objectives and rules of the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) and the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS); draws upon experiences of selected developing countries in this area to identify their needs for technical assistance, and to examine the development of standardization and conformity assessment systems in developing countries.,


Published - 2003
Franchising: your Business opportuning!,
DISTRIBUTION NETWORK.,FRANCHISING.,RETAIL TRADE.,CONTRACTS.,BARBADOS,

This workshop aims at exploring business opportunities, strengthening business competitiveness and assisting the private sector in capacity building. It also signifies the government's commitment to facilitate on enabling environment for business to prosper in Barbados.,


Published - 2003
ITC Contractual Joint Venture Model Agreements.,
JOINT VENTURE.,CONTRACTS.,

Model for joint venture agreements where the parties organize their cooperation on a contractual basis without forming a corporate body - presents model contracts applying to three-or-more-party joint ventures, as well as those applying to two-party joint ventures only; for each contract provides checklist of options, fill-ins, time limits, ancilliary documents and user's guides.,


Published - 2004
Programme to Enhance the Establishment of E-commerce Regimes and teh Sdoption of E-commerce by Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) in CARIFORUM: E-Commerec Strategy Paper for CARIFORUM,
E-COMMERCE,SME,CARIFORUM,INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY,

This strategy document consists of two main parts. The first one is devoted to an analysis of the current situation of e-commerce in CARIFORUM countries, its barriers and facilitators. The second part presents the strategies which are proposed in esponse to the analysis.,


Published - 2010
Marketing Crafts and Visual Arts: The Role of Intellectual Property: A practical guide.,
WORKS OF ART.,INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY.,CRAFTS,

Guide dealing with the relationship between successful marketing of crafts and visual arts and the appropriate use of intellectual property (IP) system instruments - points to situations where obtaining formal IP protection ought to be considered; explains how to implement marketing and IP strategies within a business framework and marketing management process; presents case studies and examples of managing IP assets in marketing from the craft and visual arts sectors in developing countries; includes bibliographical references,


Published - 2003
Business Guide to Trade Remedies in the United States:Anti-dumping countervailing and safeguards legislation, practices and procedures.,
UNITED STATES.,IMPORT REGULATIONS.,ANTI-DUMPING.,ANTI-DUMPING AGREEMENT.,AGREEMENT ON SAFEGUARDS.,AGREEMENT ON SUBSIDIES AND COUNTERVAILING MEASURES.,

Guide to trade remedy procedures (anti-dumping, countervailing and safeguard) aimed at exporters from developing countries and transition economies, with particular reference to trade remedy legislation and practices of the United States - examine origins of trade remedies and their administration in the country under review; considers role of institutions responsible for trade remedy administration, and the WTO rules governing trade remedies (WTO Agreements on Implementation of Article VI of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994, WTO Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures, and WTO Agreement on Safeguards); presents procedural framework for the United States unfair remedies; discusses trade remedy investigations and actions; includes Internet guide to the United States trade remedy law.,


Published - 2003
Business guide to trade remedies in the European Community: Anti-dumping, anti-subsidy and safeguards legislation, practices and procedures.,
EUROPEAN UNION.,TRADE PRACTICES.,ANTI-DUMPING.,ANTI-DUMPING AGREEMENT.,AGREEMENT ON SUBSIDIES AND COUNTERVAILING MEASURES.,AGREEMENT ON SAFEGUARDS.,

Guide to trade remedy (anti-dumping, countervailing and safeguard) proceedings aimed at exporters from developing countries and transition economies, with particular reference to the relevant trade remedy legislation and practice of the European Community and the implementation of relevant WTO Agreements (Agreement on Implementation of Article VI of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994, Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing and safeguard procedures in the EC law; discusses trade remedy investigations and actions and gives practical advice to exporters.,


Published - 2004
Report on CARICOM construction and installation services sector: elements for competitive strategies.,
CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY.,SERVICES.,CARICOM.,CARIBBEAN.,

Looks at the capacity of the local construction industry in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) in terms of its resources, capabilities and sustainability. Analyses how policy initiatives will help enable the industry to better compete for significant construction projects undertaken in the region specifically and also extra-regionally.,


Published - February, 2002
International Craft Trade Fairs: A practical Guide
WORKS OF ART, CRAFTS, MARKETING, HANDICRAFT, TRADE FAIRS

This practical guide, published by UNESCO and the International Trade Centre, provides support, general information and advice, checklists and directories for artisans in numerous fields of activity. Participation in an international trade fair is widely regarded as a most efficient means of exposure to export markets: audience concentration, face-to-face communication, competition-watch and acquaintance with new business partners are major benefits for participants. Artisans in numerous fields of activity will find support, general information and advice, methodology guidelines, checklists and directories in this essential guide.




Published - 2001
A guide to the European market for medicinal plants and extracts.,
GUIDE.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,MEDICINAL PLANTS.,


Published - 2001
Commonwaelth businesswomen: trade matters, best practices and success stories.,
WOMEN.,TRADE PRACTICES.,BEST PRACTICES.,COMMONWEALTH.,


Published - 2002
Policies for small enterprises: creating the right environment for good jobs.,
SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES.,SMALL ENTERPRISES.,MICRO ENTERPRISES.,EMPLOYMENT CREATION.,GOVERNMENT POLICY.,SMALL-SCALE INDUSTRY.,


Published - 2004
Successful services exporting: a handbook for firms, associations and governments. Revised edition.,
SERVICES.,EXPORT MARKETING.,

Handbook on services trade, aimed at enterprises, associations and government bodies. Provides guidelines and practical hints on successful exporting, applicable to a wide range of service sectors.,


Published - 2001
Dictionary of Caribbean English Usage,
CARIBBEAN ENGLISH,DICTIONARY,

This remarkable new dictionary represent the first attempt in some four centuries to record the state of development of English as used across the entire Caribbean region. Information has been drawn from speech recordings and from over 900 written sources of Caribbean literature, reference works, magazines, pamphlets, and news papers. The derivation and usage of words, their social or grammatical register, pronunciation, area of occurrence and regional differences are all clearly recorded, with fullcross-referencing and thousands of illustrative quotations from a broad range of sources. A short Supplement lists Caribbean French and Spanish equivalents to Caribbean English items selected from the main work.,


Published - 2003
Collins Robert Concise French Dictionary,
COLLINS,FRENCH,DICTIONARY,BILINGUAL,

This Dictionary has been revised and updated to cover all the latest vocabulary. Colour headwords, translation tips, a comprehensive section on communication, and a brand-new supplement with encyclpedic information on famous French people make this book ideal for intermediate to advanced learners of French. With 150,000 references, the Collins Concise French Dictionary is designed for students and professionals using French in the course of their work. The Collins Concise French Dictionary uses Collins' unique multi-million word databases of French and English to ensure that the user has the most complete and accurate picture of real language available today. This edition also allows learners to expand their knowledge with weblinks to cultural information and a new section on famous French, British and American personalities.,


Published - 2007
Managing and evaluating projects.,
CARIBBEAN.,ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.,MANAGEMENT.,PROJECT MANAGEMENT.,

The basic concept of the study is to present project management and evaluation in a manner which demonstrates the essential unity and applicability in a wide variety of public and private sector organisations. It aims at an exchange of concepts, theories, practices, processes, experiences, problems and needs. It presenta an overview of process descriptions, conceptual frameworks, planning and operational techniques and strategies, and research findings.,


Published - 2003
Directoria de las camaras de comerico y produccion de la Region Norte, 2004,
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC,DIRECTORY,


Published - 2004
CARICOM our Caribbean Community: An introduction.,
REGIONAL COOPERATION.,ECONOMIC INTEGRATION.,CARICOM.,

Provides historcal information on the attempts at integration through CARIFTA and CARICOM. Looks at the initiatives that have been undertaken namely economic integration, human resource development and functional cooperation. Explores the instruments and institutions of CARICOM and foreign policy coordination.,


Published - 2005
Best Practices in Presenting Products to Commercial Representatives in Foreign Markets
BARBADOS, MANUAL, UK, HANDICRAFT, USA, BEST PRACTICES PRESENTING PRODUCTS, FOREIGN MARKETS

The purpose of this manual is to provide step‐by‐step guidelines for Caribbean artisans to understand some of the major points to be considered when attempting to export goods to overseas markets. Although it can be used as a guideline for entering almost any International market the markets considered in this document are primarily the US market and the UK market.




Published - December 2010
The Barbados sustainable developing policy: "Doing the right things by doing things right".,
BARBADOS.,SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.,


Published - 2004
Doing business 2012: Doing business in a more transparent world,
TRADE PRACTICES,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES,BUSINESS CUSTOMS,KOREA,MEXICO,UNITED KINGDOM,CROSS BORDER TRADING,

Doing Business 2012 is the ninth in a series of annual reports investigating the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Doing Business presents quantitative indicators on business regulation and the protection of property rights that can be compared across 183 economiesfrom Afghanistan to Zimbabweand over time. Regulations aff ecting 11 areas of the life of a business are covered: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity, registering property, getting credit, protecting investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts, resolving insolvency (formerly closing a business) and employing workers. The employing workers data are not included in this years ranking on the ease of doing business. Data in Doing Business 2012 are current as of June 1, 2011. The indicators are used to analyze economic outcomes and identify what reforms of business regulation have worked, where and why. Chapters exploring these issues for each of the 11 Doing Business topicsas well as showing global trendsare being published online this year. The chapters are available on the Doing Business website at http://www.doingbusiness.org.,


Published - 2012
The Business Register Dominican Republic Edition,
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC,BUSINESS,DIRECTORY,SERVICES,


Published - 2005
Exporting to the EU: An introduction to developments trends and doing business in the EU,
FORIEGN TRADE,EU,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,EXPORT MARKETING,

This publication is an update of the CBI manual xporting to the Eurpean Union - (November 2003)". It is meant to give a quick overview of the EU, to show diversity, to make the opportunities there more apparent an dto make your decisions less risky. Chapter 1 reviews the EU, its members and enlargement and its role in world trade. Some trade statistics are given as well as the consequences for you of the EU expansion. The last part of this chapter guides you through some of the EU trade rules and agreements. Chapter 2 highlights the demograohic, social and cultural developments in the EU, and reviews important trends in consumer and industrial markets. Later in this chapter we show what they could mean for your business and how you could translate these trends into opportunities. Chapter 3 provides practical guidelines and tips by means of a 3-step process to familiarise yourself with doing business in EU markets. It explains cultiral differences, different forms of business etiquette and business practice, including negotiation tactics, in the EU an din 4 sample countries. Chapter 4 gives you some important key rules and a checklist.,


Published - 2006
National Trade Policy for Export Success,
TRADE POLICY,EXPORT STRATEGY,COMPETITIVENESS,EXPORT PROMOTION,

Study presenting a trade policy framework developed by ITC, providing the trade policy instruments that governments can use to support the competitiveness of fi rms at each stage of the supply chain outlines how trade policy options can infl uence national export competitiveness; discusses in detail the trade policy instruments corresponding each of the following objectives: creating competitive infrastructure services; promoting exports and foreign investment; moving goods across borders effectively; addressing export market issues; and improving inputs and capital goods; considers how to tackle the overriding constraints faced by both public and private sectors, related to every stage of production and distribution of goods and services for export.,


Published - 2011
Caribbean Export Annual Report, 2007: Growth through export
YEARBOOK, ANNUAL REPORT, CARIBBEAN, EVALUATION

This annual report published by Caribbean Export is an effort to protect the Agency's activities in a format that is both user friendly and results-oriented. Its content is expected to provide the basis for strategic planning, resource mobilisation, monitoring and reporting in the future and represents Caribbean Export renewed commitment to transparentcy and informed corporate communication.




Published - 2008
Economic Partnership Agreement between the CARIFORUM States of the one part and the European Community and its Member States of the other part,
TRADE AGREEMENT,CARIFORUM,EPA,EUROPEAN COMMUNITY,


Published - 2008
TPO Best Tractices: Strengthening the delivery of trade support services,
TRADE SUPPORT INSTITUTIONS,CASE STUDIES,

Collection of practical experiences and best practices of trade promotion organisations (TPOs) in various countries of the world. Provides case studies of best practices related to core services of trade support institutions, financing and sources of revenue; leverage of information technology; performance measurement and evaluation; projection of national identity in support of export promotion efforts; innovative methods to promote and support trade activities ; outlines implications of "TPO best practices" for such institutions in other transistion and developing countries. Presents profile of individual TPOs whose best practice appears in the publication. Appendix includes sample of questionnaire used by ITC as a platform for the exchange of Best Practice Propositions amongst TPOs.,


Published - 2004
Furniture: Canadian market report.,
FURNITURE.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,IMPORT REGULATIONS.,CANADA.,

This report provides information on the Canadian furniture market. Covers metal, wood, plastic and cane furniture for the office, kitchen and bedroom. Discusses commercial practice design and quality, transport and packaging, import regulations and requirements. Includes list of trade shows and useful publications.,


Published - 2002
Trade policy review. Report by Canada,
CANADA,

See WTO website at http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/tp_rep_e.htm#bycountry,


Published - 2011
Export marketing: how to prepare to export successfuly and promote your company through trade fairs: a manual for Caribbean artisanal enterprises
EXPORT MARKETING, TRADE FAIRS, CRAFTS, EXPORT PROMOTION

The manual information is organised into eight sections. Chapter 1 Introduction provides an overview of the use of the manual, the global and regional markets, major growth segments and general tips on meeting buyer expectations. Chapter 2, titled From Concept to Product, provides guidance in structuring new product development activities, based on an understanding of market requirements and undertaking market research. Chapter 3, Building a Company Image and Brand for Export, explains key intellectual property issues and provides tips on starting out in brand building, as well as packaging, labelling and packing for export. Chapter 4,The ABC's of Export Marketing focuses on important terms used by buyers, shipping and customs procedures, identification of markets, planning for new market entry and assessing export readiness. Chapter 5, Building Buyer Relationships through Trade Shows and Other Marketing Activities, highlights successful trade show participation through planning and preparation, effective presentation at the show and follow up marketing efforts and techniques for building long term buyer relationships. Planning and scheduling of production and reviewing critical areas of savings to increase profits are the subject of Chapter 6: Analyzing Operational Effectiveness for Greater Profit, while Chapter 7: Financing an Export Initiative, explains basic building blocks of trade financing, including costing and pricing, cash flow forecasts and payment terms. Chapter 8 summarizes key Conclusions.




Published - 2007
Trade Policy Review. Report by Trinidad and Tobago,
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO,TRADE POLICY,WTO,

Please see WTO website http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/tp_rep_e.htm#bycountry,


Published - February, 2012
World Intellectual Property report: The changing face of innovation
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS, TRADE MARKS, INTERNATIONAL TRADE, SMEs,

This report seeks to make an analytical contribution in this respect. It does so in two ways. First, it sheds light on global innovation trends – especially those concerning IP – and assesses the ways in which innovation has really changed. Second, it reviews the available evidence on how IP protection affects innovative behavior and what this evidence implies for the design of IP and innovation policies.




Published - 2011
Regional e-Preparedness Report: State of e-Business and Protential for Development in the Caribbean Region.,
Caribbean,CARICOM,Electronic,Information Technology,

Paper focusing on the status of e-trade readiness of the 13 member State of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), and outlining basic e-trade readiness factors for each country - assesses extent of the presence of e-trade practices within the business enterprises, used in context of international trade; analyses the extent of e-trade support network and initiatives already in place in each country; examines the level of infrastructure and policies conducive to e-trade at national level; appendices include duties and taxes on information technology (IT) equipment in CARICOM member States; CARICOM receipt, payment and balance of services ; country IT indicators: digitizable media products, and definition of selected related terms; also includes bibliographical references.,


Published - 2003
The outlook for agriculture and rural development in the Americas: A perspective on Latin America and the Caribbean 2011-2012,
LATIN AMERICA,INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY,AGRICULTURE,RURAL DEVELOPMENT,MACROECONOMIC ANALYSIS,LIVESTOCK,FOREST,FISHING,INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT,CARIBBEAN,

The document was prepared jointly by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), the Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA). The report underscores the need for the countries to adopt differentiated policy instruments to mitigate the effects of severe price volatility (including exchange rates) on society, production and the macro-economic context. It also suggests the need to institute comprehensive policies to address the effects of acute climate variability in agriculture, since in a context of climate change, it becomes an additional contributing factor in escalating agricultural price volatility. The long-term trend of higher agricultural commodity prices affords Latin America and the Caribbean an opportunity for its agriculture, given the regions availability of land, which can be incorporated into production, and its relative abundance of water, biodiversity and human resources on which it could capitalize. The report recommends exploiting this potential through productive development policies aimed at promoting food production, increasing the role of family agriculture in the process and fostering the sustainable use of natural resources. The objective must be to improve the contribution made by agriculture and its related activities to income generation and job creation. It further recommends promoting ranching, aquaculture, and community forest development in the context of family agriculture by designing alternative schemes that guarantee sustainable food production and contribute to food and nutritional security. The report emphasizes that countries benefiting from rising agricultural commodity prices should seize the moment to promote structural change as a means of diversifying the productive structure of the economies. It further recognizes that bridging the technological gaps that persist in the region in the agricultural arena will release the significant potential it has to enhance productive performance and, thereby, food production. Additional resource allocation for research,development and innovation and an improved investment climate for agriculture and related activities are therefore considered to be of the essence.,


Published - 2011
Housewares, giftware and toys: Canadian market report.,
HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES.,TABLEWARE.,TEXTILE ARTICLES.,TOYS AND GAMES.,BASKETWORK.,STATIONERY.,

Examines the Canadian import market for housewares, giftware and oys. Looks at trade practices, distribution and import regulations. Annex includes sources of information, trade shows, definitions and toy safety guide.,


Published - 2003
Electronics and electronic components: Canadian mwrket report.,
ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS.,ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT.,CANADA.,IMPORT REGULATIONS.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,

Examines the Canadian import market for electronics and electronic components. Provides information on trade practices, distribution and import regulations. Annex includes additional sources of information and trade shows.,


Published - 2003
How to prepare your business plan,
BUSINESS,BUSINESS MANAGEMENT,BUSINESS PLANS,FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT,


Published - 2002
Pharmaceuticals and natural health products: Canadian market report.,
PHARMACEUTICALS.,CANADA.,IMPORT REGULATIONS.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,MEDICAMENTS.,

Examines the Canadian import market for pharmaceutical products. Looks at trade practices, distribution and import regulations. Annex includes additional sources of information in Canada.,


Published - 2003
Exporting to the EU: an Introduction to developments trends and doing business in the EU.,
Foreign Trade,Trade opportunties,EU,


Published - 2006
Market report: canned and frozen fruits and vegetables.,
PROCESSED FOOD.,FRUIT.,VEGETABLES.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,IMPORT REGULATIONS.,

Covers items classified under the harmonised system (HS) for canned fruit and vegetables imported into Canada. Excludes foods such as juices and concentrates. Provide information on the general characteristics of the Canadian market for imported products. Covers distribution, import regulations and requirements, competition, quality, and packaging and labelling requirements. Annex includes publications and trade shows.,


Published - 2002
The report: The Bahamas 2009,
BAHAMAS,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS,


Published - 2009
Handicrafts export guide,
HANDICRAFTS,EXPORT GUIDE,WEST AFRICA,USA,EUROPE,

The Export Guide is organized into five sections: I. Product Development Phase. While this is the first phase in exporting handicrafts it is also a continuous process. II. Export Preparation Phase. What to do prior to putting a product on the market. III. Order Negotiations Phase. Negotiating price, terms and conditions, and agreements. Includes a brief section on the different ways to pre-finance an order. IV. Order Execution Phase. Outlines the steps to successfully executing an order, from acquiring the raw materials, to organizing production, to storing the finished product. V. Export Procedures. Overview of documentation necessary for export and packing. VI. After the Order. Evaluating the process what went well and what did not. Includes tips on building trust and confidence with the buyer.,


Published - 2006
Market report: fresh fruits and vegetables.,
FRUIT.,VEGETABLES.,CANADA.,IMPORT REGULATIONS.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,

Covers the general characteristics of the import market for fruit and vegetables in Canada. Looks at distribution, import regulations and requirements, competition, transportation, packaging, labelling, quality and price. Annex includes publications, trade shows and other sources of information in Canada.,


Published - 2002
Trade policy standards and development in Central America.,
TRADE POLICY.,STANDARDS.,CENTRAL AMERICA.,NON-TARIFF BARRIERS.,

This paper reviews the role of standards and trade in the region and suggests areas of priority reform from a trade policy perspective in a new and increasingly important area of public policy and development.,


Published - 2001
Skills for the 21st century in Latin America and the Caribbean,
LATIN AMERICA,CARIBBEAN,SKILLS,HUMAN RESOURCES,ECONOMICS,EDUCATION,TRAINING,SOCIAL PROTECTION,

Skills for the 21st Century in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) shows how the expansion of education systems is contributing to increased economic growth and helping to improve income distribution and reduce povertyand asks what needs to be done to reinforce these trends. The book unravels the links among education, training, and labor market outcomes. It shows that, over the last decade, declining earnings premia for higher levels of education have been an important factor in helping to reduce inequality. The good news is that the main factor behind reduced earnings premia is a shift in the balance of supply and demand for skills and not a decline in learning achievement. These positive fi ndings suggest that LAC might at last be catching up in the race between education and technology. However, the study also documents causes for concern. A large achievement gap between LAC and the advanced economies and East Asia augers badly for the regions competitive potentialand skill shortages might already be constraining the regions growth potential. The industries that have expanded most in recent years are users of traditional cognitiveabilities rather than industries that demand new economy skills, such as high-level analytical and organizational leadership skills. A shortage of such skills might be pushing the region away from the development of cutting-edge industries. This dynamic highlights the urgent need to address problems of quality and market relevance in secondary and tertiary education.,


Published - February, 2012
From right to reality: incentives, labor markets, and the challenges of universal social protection in Latin America and the Caribbean,
CARIBBEAN,LATIN AMERICA,LABOUR,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS,

Inequality and entrenched poverty has been decreasing in countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, due in signifi cant part to expansion of social protection programs within the region. Innovations such as well-targeted conditional cash transfer programs and noncontributory pensions or health insurance systems have been adopted by several countries. Yet several challenges remain. The majority of informal sector workers lack access to social protection; programs tend to be fragmented and operate with little or no coordination; and redistributive arrangements are nontransparent and can distort labor markets by inducing informality, lowering labor participation, or producing longer unemployment spells. From Right to Reality: Incentives, Labor Markets, and the Challenge of Universal Social Protection in Latin America and the Caribbean addresses these challenges in a thorough yet accessible manner. Building on careful, detailed analysis of a wealth of data, this book takes stock of current social protection systems in the Latin America and the Caribbean region, highlighting their interaction with labor markets. The book presents an in-depth assessment of the main social protection programs including pensions, health, unemployment insurance, active labor market interventions, and safety net transfers. A central theme is that a well-functioning social protection system must take into account both the realities of labor markets, including high levels of informal sector employment where governments are unable to impose compulsory social insurance, and the eff ects of policies on the behavior of their benefi ciaries, employers, and service providers. Of interest to policy makers, academics, and practitioners, From Right to Reality presents practical recommendations to expand the coverage of social protection programs, improve their design, and create conditions that enable more and better jobs.,


Published - 2012
Fresh Fruits and Vegetables Import Manual,
FRUITS,VEGETABLES,IMPORTS,MARKET ACCESS,USA,MANUAL,

The Fruits and Vegetables Import Manual provides the import requirements for regulating imported articles of fresh, usable parts of plants such as fruits, stems, leaves, roots, and flowers (herbs and vegetables). These imported articles are not intended for planting or growing, but they might serve to introduce exotic pests.,


Published - 2012
Market News Service: marketing information for cut flowers in America.,
FLOWERS.,USA.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,


Published - Feb, 2000
Consumer Conscience: How Environment and Ethics are Influencing Exports.,
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY,FAIR TRADE,COMPETITIVENESS,EXPORT STRATEGY,

Report reflecting views, examples and suggestions on how exporters can benefit from the emerging opportunities in the area of ethical trade, as expressed by the participants of the ITC World Export Development Forum, Consumers, Ethics and Environment, Montreux, Switzerland, 8-11 October,2008 discusses the concept of ethical consumerism across the entire supply chain; innovation in meeting consumer demand for products created by ethically and environmentally acceptable means; public and private standards; sustainability-related finance, social entrepreneurship, and transparency via the Internet; global partnership in the service of poverty reduction and development, and the role of women in business; outlines ways in which governments and trade support institutions can help ethical traders.,


Published - 2009
The EPA Made Easy: A Guide for Business Owners, Managers and Workers to the CARIFORUM-European Union Economic Partnership Agreement
EPA, TRADE AGREEMENTS, CARIFORUM, EUROPEAN UNION, COTONOU AGREEMENT, LOME, RULES OF ORIGIN, CUSTOMS AND TRADE FACILITATION, AGRICULTURE, BARRIERS TO TRADE, INVESTMENT, BARBADOS

The intended purpose of this guide is to provide business owners, managers and workers and the wider community with a thorough coverage of the CARIFORUM-European Union Economic Partnership Agreement. Insights will also be provided into the roles and responsibilities of various local support organisations and regional private-public sector institutions which have crucial roles to play in the implementation of the EPA, as well as information on on-going programmes and initiatives which will enable the necessary capacity-building within the private sector.




Published - 2012
Implementing the market approach ro enterprise support: an evaluation of ten matching grant schemes.,
SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES.,OECD.,ENTERPRISE SUPPORT.,

This paper is concerned with how interventions can be made more cost effective in terms of sustainability and development impact by targeting the existing capacity within an economy to provide services to enterprises.,


Published - 2001
Market research study: Summary of recommendations for Belize minerals Ltd.,
CARICOM.,STATISTICAL DATA.,FOREIGN TRADE STATISTICS.,

Provides primarily aggregate statistical data under the following broad headings: total trade, trade of individual CARICOM countries, intra CRICOM trdae, intra CARICOM trade of individual CARICOM countries and comparison of intra CARICOM trade with total trade.,


Published - 2001
SMALL-SCALE INDUSTRY.,SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES.,


Published - 2004
Support for the Forum of Caribbean ACP States (CARIFORUM) in the Areas of Agriculture and Fisheries in Relation to the Implementation of the Commitments Undertaken, and Opportunities Created by the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA),
CARIBBEAN,ACP STATES,CARIFORUM,AGRICULTURE,FISHERIES,ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT, EPA


Published - 2010
Doing Business 2011: Making a difference for entrepreneurs
TRADE PRACTICES, TRADE OPPORTUNITIES, INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES, BUSINESS CUSTOM, CROSS BORDER TRADING

Doing Business 2011 is the eighth in a series of annual reports investigating the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Doing Business presents quantitative indicators on business regulations and the protection of property rights that can be compared across 183 economies—from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe—and over time. Regulations affecting 11 areas of the life of a business are covered: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, registering property, getting credit, protecting investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts, closing a business, getting electricity and employing workers. The getting electricity and employing workers data are not included in the ranking on the ease of doing business in Doing Business 2011. Data in Doing Business 2011 are current as of June 1, 2010. The indicators are used to analyze economic outcomes and identify what reforms have worked, where and why.




Published - 2010
Secrets of Electronic Commerce: A Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Exporters. – 2nd ed
SMEs, ELECTRONIC COMMERCE, MARKETING, E-PROCUREMENT

Guide focusing on Internet-based services with regard to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) – identifies SME issues and constraints related to electronic commerce; explains how to develop an e-commerce strategy and conduct online market research; outlines marketing and online communication techniques; answers questions on legal and financial issues; highlights characteristics of successful websites; deals with technical, policy and country-specific issues; online procurement; describes role of ITC in providing assistance in e-commerce, as well as programmes and services offered by other international bodies; includes bibliographical references.




Published - 2009
Revised Treaty of Chaguaramas establish the Caribbean including the CARICOM Single Market and Economy.,
CARIBBEAN.,CARICOM.,REGIONAL COOPERATION.,TRADE POLICY.,


Published - 2002
Doing business with Panama
PANAMA, TRADE PRACTICES, TRADE FACILITATION, TRADE OPPORTUNITIES, TRADE POLICY, IMPORT POLICY

This document provides an overview of socio-ecomonic conditions in the Panama. Looks at government's attitude and incentives, the business environment, investment climate, market access conditions, general marketing factors and cultural practices in the country. Also provides general information including population, geography, political system and transport infrastructure within the Panama.




Published - February 2008
Market report beverages.,
CANADA.,BEVERAGES.,NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.,ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.,CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR.,IMPORT REGULATIONS.,PRICES.,ADVERTISING.,QUALITY CONTROL.,

This document introduces the potential exporter to the Canadian market for beverages. Highlights key consumer trends in beverages. Looks at the Canadian regulatory environment and gives emphasis on the role of marketing agents, provincial listings, policies distribution, promotion guidelines, pricing and taxation issues and product requirements as they relate to Canadian Federal Government regulations on the importation of alcoholic beverages. Includes appendix showing pertinent government contacts, trade shows with locations and samples of major regulatory documents.,


Published - 2002
2Caribbean librarise in the 21st century: changes, challenges, and choices,
INFORMATION SERVICES,CARIBBEAN,

The collection of paper is an electric mix of topics approaches and styles. Topics include the traditional public, school, academic and special libraries as well as the challenges associated with modern technological applications and the issues involved in the delivery of services in the modern information environment.,


Published - 2007
National Strategic development plan: Grenda,
GRENADA,ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT,NATIONAL PLANS,

This plan addresses a range of issues, goals, stratrgies objectives and actions that are strategic in charting the course towards the social and economic advancement of Grenada, Cariacou and petot Martinique,


Published - 2008
The Guide: Suriname Business advisory 2007-2008,
SURINAME,ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT,INVESTMENT REFULATIONS,

Provides information on business opportunites for, Jout ventures insurance provides overview of the economy namely bauxite, forestry, gold, oil, fisher, agriculture, tourism ,and includes information on the government structures, legal system, taxes and customs information on the government structures, legal system, taxes and customs information on the government structures, legal system, taxes and customs. Also includes addresses contact information for important agencies.,


Published - 2008
Morginalisation of LDC and small vulnerable states in world trade.,
LEAST- DEVELOPED COUNTRIES,INTERNATIONAL TRADE,MERCHANIDISING,EXPORT MARKETING,


Published - 2004
Finance for small and medium-sized enterprises in the Caribbean,
FINANCE,SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES,CARIBBEAN,

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are seen as the engine of economic growth and employment creation in the Caribbean, as on other part of the world. This study explores the difficulties such enterprises have in accessing long-term financing and how these could be overcome. The book reports the results of a survey of SMEs from ten Caribbean countries, and a parallel study of lending institutions that might be expecting to offer finance for this sector.,


Published - 2006
Breaking into new market: emerging lessons for export diversification,
EXPORT DIVERSIFICATION,TRADE POLICY,FOREIGN TRADE,

This book takes a fresh look at export diversification. It concludes that much of the recent literature, though novel, has focused excessively on simply adding new products to export portfolios. One branch of these studies center in the "discovery" of exports, and it argues that the threat of entry (imitation) leads to an underinvestment in bringing new products to the global market. Anther analytical branch focuses on changing the content of an export portfolio to mirror the export of the countries with higher incomes on the grounds that these lead to lead to higher productivity. Both strands implicitly point to the need for careful yet active government policies. while such policies are important, this book argues for a more comprehensivetrade policy strategy0 one that takes into account improving the quality of existing exports, breaking into new geographic markets, and increasing services exports,


Published - 2009
Gaining Productivity,
BARBADOS,PRODUCTIVITY,MANAGEMENT,

With a model-focused approach and supporting empirical evidence, Gaining productivity present commanding research, wide-ranging analyses, monitorable indicators, compelling finding, usefull insights and fresh vitality in relation to the core issue of productivity in barbados within the larger context of the caribbean and the international community. The work recognizes not only competitiveness and leadership but also equity, participation and empowerment, does not overplay the instrumental- managerial orientation and empowerment, does not overplay the instrumental- managerial orientation to productivity, and opposes productivit's redustion into power, control and hegemony. With motivation and productivity- the central bastions of the work- Gaining productivity aims at searing deep into mass consciousness,


Published - 2007
Fisheries access agreement: Trade and development issues,
FISHERIES,TRADE AGREEEMENT,FISH,FISH PRODUCTS,

This issue paper- published in the context of the ICTSD project on fisheries, International Trade and Sustainable Development- aims to contribute to this debate in an effort to develop traderalated fisheries policies and rules that are supportive of both resource management and livelihoods objectives. Provides an overview of different types of fisheries access agreements and assesses their socio-economic and sustainablity impacts, including on employment, value- addition, competitiveness and stock levels. Examines a range of policy options for addressing access fess in the fisheries subsidies negotiations, negotiating fisheries access agreements, and setting up domestic policies to enable development countries to exploit their own fisheries resources.,


Published - 2006
Aquaculture:issue and opportunities for sustainable Production and trade,
TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,FOREIGH TRADE,PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT,AQUACULTURE,

This paper assesses current and future trends in global aquaculture production and explores the social and economic issues arising from the increased production and trade in aquaculture and how they could be addressed. concludes by idetifying a number of policy implication and options for sustainable aquaculture development.,


Published - 2006
Health tourism and related services: Caribbean development and international trade.,
HEALTH AND SOCIAL SERVICES.,TOURISM.,CARIBBEAN.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,

The study focuses on the prospects for developing trade in health tourism services and identifying trade begotiations objectives and strategy. The specific areas of health tourism that are under examination are convalescent care an drehabilitation, health and welness programmes such as use of spas, drug and alcohol dependency programmes; the use of local health services by tourists; cosmetic surgery and telemedicine.,


Published - 2001
Best Practices in Investment Instruments,
INVESTMENT,FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT,CHILE,DOMINICAN REPUBLIC,CARICOM,IRELAND,MAURITIUS,NAFTA,MERSOCUR,EUROPEAN UNION,ASEAN,APEC,DISPUTE SETTLEMENT,

The report has been divided in three main sections that will cover the following topics: I. An enumeration of the laws and principles in case study countries that appear to constitute best practice investment policy and will include an extensive comparative analysis and illustrative examples. A benchmarking analysis comparing CARICOM investment practices with those of other model countries. II. A discussion and analysis of the methods and processes used by diverse states and regional groupings to achieve investment policy harmonization. III. A draft of investment policy principles for the consideration of CARICOM States, and procedural options that could be employed by the Community to achieve policy harmonization.,


Published - 2003
ITC Incorporated Joint Venture Model Agreement,
CONTRACTS,JOINT VENTURES,COMMERCIAL LAW,

Set of model agreements laying down the provision for joint venture parties,prior to creating a joint venture compan- sets out the arrangement for the formation of new jointly owned companies and their operation,


Published - 2005
Financing Service Exports,
EXPORT FINANCING,SERVICES,TRADE IN SERVICES,CASE STUDIES,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES,

Guild analysing the role of financing SME serice exports, showing how the potential of service export in developing and trainsition economies can be enhanced through easier access to finance- provides an overview of export potential of services; outline distinctive feactures of the service sector; examines majort financing bottlenecks for small and nedium-sixed services providers; considers traditional and innovative instrument for financing services export; provides case studies on financing of services export in various sectors, and select countries; includes bibliography(p 58- 59,


Published - 2006
France for Trade,
TRADE FINANCING,EXPORT CREDIT INSURANCE,CREDIT INFORMATION,BANKING,ELECTRONIC COMMERCE,ELECTRONIC PAYMENT,

Guide describing appropriate mechanisms and instruments that could be adapted and introduced by developing and transition economies to help improve the financing of trade by the private sector, with particular refernces to small and medium enterprise (SMEs) provides examples of best practice for such mechanisms and instruments, and includes a table setting out the current state of trade finance infrastrust infrastructure in developing countries and transition econmies; sets guidelines on the methodology for implementing the intreduction of approperiately designed instruments, mechanisms and institutions for the financing of trade: includes a list of bibliographical references, and useful web resources (p127-129),


Published - 2006

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