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World Intellectual Property Organization: The changing face of innovation
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, INNOVATION, TRADEMARKS, PATENTS, RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

This report seeks to make an analytical contribution in this respect. It does so in two ways. First, it sheds light on global innovation trends – especially those concerning IP – and assesses the ways in which innovation has really changed. Second, it reviews the available evidence on how IP protection affects innovative behavior and what this evidence implies for the design of IP and innovation policies.




Published - 2011
The Cotonou Agreement: A User's Guide for Non-state Actors
TRADE AGREEMENT, COTONOU, ACP, EC

The guide provide a comprehensive coverage of the relevant issues of interest to non-state actors and reflects the successful consultation process undertaken with a wide range of stakeholders from the six ACP regions and the European Commission. In particular, the guide also provide practical information and specific answers on the modelities for the enhanced engagement of non-state actors in ACP-EC cooperation.




Published - 2003
Investing in Development - A Practical Plan to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals
DEVELOPMENT, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, INVESTMENT

We have the opportunity in the coming decade to cut world poverty by half.  Billions more people could enjoy the fruits of the global economy. Tens of millions of lives can be saved. The practical solutions exist. The political framework is established. And for the first time, the cost is utterly affordable.  Whatever one’s motivation for attacking the crisis of extreme poverty—human rights, religious values, security, fiscal prudence, ideology—the solutions are the same. All that is needed is action.  This report recommends the way forward. It outlines a way to attain this bold ambition. It describes how to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.  This document presents an overview of the findings and recommendations of the UN Millennium Project, an independent advisory body to Secretary - General. 




Published - 2005
The Millennium Development Goals in the Eastern Caribbean: A Progress Report
BARBADOS, OECS, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, ECONOMIC CONDITIONS

This report provides an assessment of progress with the achievement of the MDGs in the Eastern Caribbean, that is, Barbados and members of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), over the period 1990 to 2002. It complements previous UNDP reports prepared on social and economic development in the Eastern Caribbean, namely, the Sub-Regional Common Assessment of Barbados and the OECS (UNDP, 2000) and the OECS Human Development Report 2002 (OECS, 2002). The structure of the presentation is as follows: in sections 2 to 9, an assessment of the eight MDGs in the Eastern Caribbean is undertaken. In section 10, an overall assessment of progress towards the achievement of the MDGs is presented. The final section summarizes the main issues in the report.




Published - 2004
Doing Business 2007: Organization of Eastern Caribbean States
TRADE PRACTICES, TRADE FACILITATION, TRADE OPPORTUNITES, TRADE POLICY, IMPORT POLICY

Doing Business 2007: Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States is a regional report drawing on the data of the global Doing Business project and database, as well as the findings of Doing Business 2007: How to Reform, an annual report published by the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation. Doing Buisiness analyzes government regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it in 175 countries, including the six independent member states of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS): Antigua and Barbuda, the Commonwealth of Dominica, Grenada, the Federation of St. Christopher (st Kitts) and Nevis, St. lucia and St Vincent and the Grenadines. Quantitative indicators on business regulations and their enforcement can be compared with 169 economies around the world, including 9 other Caribbean economies and 34 small states.




Published - 2006
Entrepreneurial decision-making: individual,tasks and cognitions
MANAGEMENT, ENTREPRENEUR, PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT

The aim the present study is to gain a deeper understanding of the decision-making of individuals involved in the entrepreneurial process. It is achieved by comparing entrepreneurs with different level of expertise in contexts that are more or less entrepreneurs- inducing.The issues of learning and expertise-investigation of what entrepreneurial knowledge is and how it is applied-are also addressed. Hard copy only.




Published - 2004
International wooden furniture markets: A review
FURNITURE, WOOD PRODUCTS, TROPICAL WOOD, VALUE CHAIN, MARKET SURVEYS, UNITED STATES, JAPAN, GERMANY, UNITED KINGDOM, FRANCE, CANADA, CHINA, BELGIUM, NETHERLANDS, LUXEMBOURG, SPAIN, ITALY, DENMARK, SWEDEN, EGYPT

Review of wooden furniture markets in United States, Canada, China, Japan, Egypt and selected countries in the European Union: France, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxenbourg, Spain, Italy, Denmark, and Sweden. For each country provides overview of basic demand factors and market drivers, domestic furniture industry, market trends and developments, distrbution channels, and market access conditions. Deals with technical standards as well as international and national certification schemes in the furniture sector. Identifies furniture networks and clusters; outlines strategy for developing wooden furniture sector in tropical countries; outlines step-by-step value-added processing of wooden furniture in tropical countries, based on local conditions. Includes statistical data, selection of German furniture standards, list of usefl contacts in China, and list of members of the Global Forest and Trade Network.




Published - 2005
Improving SME access to public procurement: The experience of selected countries
PUBLIC PROCUREMENT, SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES

Guide focusing on the role of government programmes in public procurement to assist small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in becoming better exporters. Identifies and explains advantages and disadvantages of public procurement programmes designed to assist SMEs. Looks at criteria used for determining eligibility for SME status in various countries. Examines programmes used by selected countries to assist SMEs in a procurement context. Gives guidance on implementation of public procurement programmes designed to assist SMEs. Hard copy only




Published - 2000
Search for a new partnership in trade and investment between Latin America and Asia-Pacific
LATIN AMERICA, ASIA, TRADE OPPORTUNITIES, FOREIGN TRADE, FOREIGN INVESTMENT, TRADE POLICY

The reintensification of bi-regional trade and investment relations depends strongly on economic recovery and growth in both regions. However, the relatively low level of economic interaction even prior to the crisis, the Asian crisis itself and the present international economic environment, especially the slowdown of the US economy and the standstill of Japanese economy, cast doubt on the sustained stimulus of the "push" and "pull" factors. For this reason, the governments in both regions have increasingly recognized the need to institutionalize their mechanisms of consultation and possibly to implement joint actions for economic cooperation. From this perspective, the first Ministerial Meeting of EALAF, March 2001, in Santiago, Chile, which renamed itself as FEALAC (Forum for East-Asia-Latin America Cooperation), has earmarked an important step towards "South-South cooperation" between the two regions. Among a wide range of topics to be addressed at this forum, however, in view of the current low levels of economic exchange and great potentials for expansion, economic issues should be a key part of the cooperation process. To meet the challenges and seize the opportunities of an ever more globalized world economy, countries in both regions now find it urgent to target new export markets and to look for the best sources of imports, technology and investment capital.




Published - 2001
NAFTA and the Mexican economy: Analytical issues and lessons for the FTAA
NAFTA, FTAA, TRADE AGREEMENTS, MEXICO, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

This paper looks at how the Mexican economy has been shaped by NAFTA and contrasts the Mexican economy o the rest of North America. Looks at four dimensions in which NAFTA may be analyzed; its impact on optimal economic policies, on economic performance, on income distribution and on labor market integration. Discusses the institutional consequences of NAFTA under the premise that institutions matter for economic outcomes. Also presents some lessons for the FTAA negotiating countries.




Published - 2001
Making the most of the Doha Opportunity: Benefits from services liberalization
TRADE OPPORTUNITIES, TRADE AGREEMENTS, SERVICES, TRADE LIBERALISATION, WTO, FINANCIAL SERVICES, EXPRESS DELIVERY, BUSINESS SERVICES, AUDIOVISUAL SERVICES, TELECOMMUNICATIONS

This paper seeks to demonstrate the tremendous importance of services trade liberalization to economic development. It argues that the Doha Development Agenda, or Doha "Round" of World Trade Organization (WTO) talks provides a once-in-a-generation opportunity to realize multilateral liberalization of international trade and investment in services. The paper describes dozens of instances in which liberalization has led to growth, with special emphasis on five key service sectors that make substantial and unique contributions to economic growth, development, and living standards: Financial services,express delivery, business services, audiovisual services and telecommunications.




Published - 2006
Measuring international trade in services and new demands on the family of classification
TRADE, SERVICES, TRADE STATISTICS

The new manual on statistics of International Trade in Services has broadened the statistical view of trade in services froma a subset of the balance of payments to refelect the modes by which services are supplied in practice. This paper highlights the need for adequate classification of services in balance of payments, payments, products and activities as well as for stronger links between them. This paper advocates that EBOPS links to CPC and ISIC should be strengthened, but warns that a complete product basis for EBOPs may be counter productive.




Published - 2002
International trade rules: An export answer book on the WTO Agreements for small and medium sized exporters
WTO, MULTILATERAL TRADING SYSTEM, URUGUAY ROUND, TRADE AGREEMENTS, GATS, TRIPS, TARIFFS, NON-TARIFF BARRIERS, SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES

Revised edition of the publication "International Trade Rules: Business Questions about the World Trading System and the WTO" issued in the year 2000 as a technical Paper. Intended mainly for use by small and medium-sized enterprises in developing countries and transisiton economies, it examines the impact of multilateral trade agreements on international trade flows; explains the mechanism for implementing, and the impact of, the WTO Agreements; covers trade barriers, including sanitary regulations and antidumping duties, trade in goods especially agriculatural products and textiles, dispute settlement, regional agreements, trade in services and trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights. Concluding sections look specifically at the WTO system in relation to small and medium-sized enterprises and least developed countries. Hard copy only.




Published - 2001
The SME and information technology: a practical study of SMEs at the IT frontier
SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, TRADE PROMOTION, INFRASTRUCTURE, BRAZIL, KENYA, ZIMBABWE, PHILLIPINES, INDONESIA, INDIA

Study focusing on the role and importance of information technology in raising the competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises in the international market - identifies critical factors preventing SMEs in developing countries from making optimal use of IT; provides recommendations aimed at SME support institutions as a basis for designing technical assistance services for the business sector; presents case studies illustrating active participation of trade support institutions in this area, in Africa, Asia and Latin America.  Hard copy only.




Published - 2000
Redefining trade promotion: the need for a strategic response
TRADE PROMOTION, EXPORT PROMOTION, EVALUATION

Summary of discussions held at the Executive Forum on National Export Strategies, organised by International Trade Centre, Annecy, France, 26-29 September 1999 - assesses what a national export strategy should encompass with regard to dynamics of current international market environments; looks at process of stategy development and management, reviewing basic questions of leadership and ownership; examines types of institutional linkages and functional relationships required for effective formulation and implementation of broad-based stategies; reviews techniques and issues related to utility and impact assessment of national export strategies; explores implications of electronic commerce, increasing dominance of multinationals, and global outsourcing for national export stategies.  Hard copy only.




Published - 2000
Trade Policy Review Report by the Belize Government
BELIZE, TRADE POLICY

Please visit http://www.sice.oas.org/ctyindex/BLZ/BLZNatlDocs_e.asp to download this document and other related information on Belize.



Published - 2010
International marketing and the trading system
MULTILATERAL TRADING SYSTEM, FOREIGN TRADE REGULATIONS, FOREIGN TRADE TECHNIQUES, EXPORT MARKETING

Study dealing with marketing principles and key managerial decisions facing small and medium-sized enterprises in developing and transition economies, in the light of the WTO Agreement and the multilateral trading system. Identifies and analyses regulatory problems in export markets; includes case studies illustrating in detail how business firms, in a variety of countries and industries, are affected by regulatory change and how they respond to it. Hard copy only.




Published - 2001
Arbitration and alternative dispute resolution: how to settle international business disputes
ARBITRATION, COMMERCIAL LAW

Handbook focussing on available methods for preventing and resolving commercial disputes. Deals with different types of disputes encountered in international trade and describes methods preventing or resolving them; outlines fundamental principles applicable to international commercial arbitration; explains how to draft an arbitration clause and provides selected model clauses; appendices contain text of major international arbitration conventions and rules, as well as list of arbitration institutions worldwide. Hard copy only.




Published - 2001
IP value capture: Caribbean opportunities for higher income
CARIBBEAN TRADE OPPORTUNITIES, INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, JAMAICA, GRENADA, BELIZE, COCOA, NUTMEG, MUSIC, COTTON, HONEY, COSMETICS

This booklet provides a sample of the many distinctive Caribbean products representing IP value capture opportunties.




Published - 2010
Doing business in Chile: 2010 country commercial guide for US companies
CHILE, TRADE PRACTICES, TRADE FACILITATION, TRADE OPPORTUNITIES, TRADE POLICY, IMPORT POLICY, INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES

Provides information on the socio-economic, political and business environment in Chile.




Published - 2010
Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America and the Caribbean
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT, LATIN AMERICA, CARIBBEAN, CENTRAL AMERICA, PANAMA, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

This briefing paper is divided into five sections. The first offers a regional overview of FDI in 2010. The second examines FDI trends in Central America, Panama and the Dominican Republic. The third describes the presence China is beginning to build up as an investor in the region. Lastly, the fourth and fifth sections analyse the main foreign investments and business strategies in the telecommunications and software sectors, respectively.




Published - 2010
What's new in the new regionalism in the Americas?
REGIONAL COOPERATION, WTO, TRADE AGREEMENTS, LATIN AMERICA

This paper attempts to substantiate that Latin America's recent wave of regional integration is indeed a new regionalism quite different from the old, and hence merits a more comprehensive perspective than in the past.  Section II of the paper examines some stylized facts of the Old Regionalism and is accompanied by an Appendix, which outlines the Andean Group’s early Post War initiative, which probably approximated the theoretical ideal of the era. Section III compares the New Regionalism with the Old, drawing distinctions regarding the key features of regional integration and development policy. In Section IV, these differences are expanded by briefly considering some indicators of New Regionalism trade patterns. Section V outlines how some of the Old Regionalism characteristics linger on in the New Regionalism, and is followed by some concluding remarks in section VI.




Published - May 2001
Coffee: an exporter's guide - 3rd ed.
COFFEE, CONTRACTS, CERTIFICATION, LABELLING, CLIMATE CHANGE, MARKET SURVEYS, ELECTRONIC COMMERCE, MANUALS, TRADE PRACTICES, ORGANIC PRODUCTS

Guide providing information on trade practices relating to exporting coffee – presents an overview of the world coffee trade and markets; deals with international coffee contracts (Europe and United States), logistics, insurance,dispute resolution, futures markets, risk management and hedging, trade financing, and related management issues; covers coffee quality with a special emphasis on quality control aspects; outlines new trends in the coffee trade such as electronic commerce, niche markets, organic certification, fair trade labelling, and other sustainability schemes; highlights climate change and environmental issues relevant to the coffee industry; includes a list of frequently asked questions from coffee producers and the respective answers.




Published - 2011
Measuring financial access around the world
FINANCING, FINANCIAL SERVICES, TRADE POLICY, BANKS, FOREIGN TRADE

This paper introduces a new set of financial access indicators for 139 countries across the globe and describes the results of a preliminary analysis of this data set. The new data set builds on previous work using a similar methodology. The new data set features broader country coverage and greater disaggregation by type of financial product and by type of institution supplying the product -- commercial banks, specialised state run savings and development banks, banks with mutual ownership structure (such as cooperatives), and microfinance institutions. The authors use the data to conduct a rough estimation of the number of bank accounts in the world (6.2 billion) as well as the number of banked and unbanked individuals. In developed countries, they estimate 3.2 accounts per adult and 81 per cent of adults banked. By contrast, in developing countries, they estimate only 0.9 accounts per adult and 28 per cent banked. In regression analysis, they find that measures of development and physical infrastructure are positively associated with the indicators of deposit account, loan, and branch penetration. Download the report at: http://go.worldbank.org/48KB1V2M10.




Published - 2010
Preliminary overview of the economies of Latin America and the Caribbean
CARIBBEAN, ECONOMIC CONDITIONS, INTRA-REGIONAL TRADE, LATIN AMERICA

The Preliminary Overview of the Economies of Latin America and the Caribbean is an annual publication prepared by the Economic Development Division of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC).  This briefing paper was prepared by Daniel Titelman with inputs provided by the following exerts: Cecilia Vera (global economic trends and external sector), Claudia de Camino (external sector), Ricardo Martner, Michael Hanni and Ivonne González (fiscal policy), Ramón Pineda (economic activity, prices, and monetary, exchange-rate and macroprudential policies), Rodrigo Cárcamo and Alejandra Acevedo (monetary, exchange-rate and macroprudential policies), Claudio Aravena (economic activity), Alda Díaz (prices) and Jürgen Weller (employment and wages). The economic projections were produced by Ramón Pineda, Claudio Aravena, Pablo Carvallo, Alejandra Acevedo,Yusuke Tateno and Matías Rojas with input from the ECLAC subregional headquarters and national offices. Alejandra Acevedo, Alda Díaz and María Zambrano were responsible for the processing and presentation of the statistical data and graphical presentations.




Published - 2015
Cocoa: a guide to trade practices
COCOA, TRADE PRACTICES, STATISTICAL DATA

Guide describing trade and industry practices, as well as regulations applying to cocoa - traces customs procedures, systems and techniques used at each stage of teh cocoa supply chain; reviews trends in cocoa manufacturing and processing, electronic commerce, cocoa organic farming, fair trade, sustainable production and environmental issues; also provides list of main sector-related trade and industry associations; appendices contain detailed statistical data and list of relevant Internet websites.




Published - 2001
Resource management and the effects of trade on vulnerable places and people lessons from six case studies
TRADE POLICY, ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, AFRICA, ASIA, LATIN AMERICA, MANAGEMENT

Lessons from six case studies illustrate the complex relationships between international trade, vulnerable ecologies and the poor. The studies, taken from Africa, Asia and Latin America and conducted by local researchers, are set in places where the poor live in close proximity to ecologies that are important to global conservation efforts, and focus on the cascading consequences of trade policy for local livelihoods and environmental services. Collectively, the studies show how under-valued common resources are often poorly protected and consequently subject to shifting economic incentives, including those that arise from trade. The studies provide examples where trade works to accelerate the use of natural resources and to exacerbate unsustainable dependencies by the poor, and other examples where trade has the opposite effect. An important conclusion is that local livelihood and technology choices have important consequences for how environmental resources are used and should be taken into account when designing policies to safeguard fragile ecologies. Download the report at: http://go.worldbank.org/7U4CJJZTY0.




Published - 2010
The outlier sectors: areas of non-free trade in the North American Free Trade Agreement
NAFTA,TRADE AGREEMENTS

This paper identifies the "outlier sectors" and classifies them by primary source advocating protectionism, and analyses the characteristics of each source.




Published - July 2002
Beyond Investment: Engaging the Private Sector in Trade Facilitation
TRADE FACILITATION, PRIVATE SECTOR, PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP

The private sector has an important role to play in the effective development and implementation of trade facilitation strategies beyond investment alone. Public–private partnerships (PPPs) in trade facilitation are valuable in identifying the needs of government and traders, improving transparency and information flows, and promoting viable and sustainable trade facilitation solutions. Current success stories prove that the focus needs to be on an integrated strategy that does not assume a “one-size-fits-all” approach. In Trade Forum No.4, 2009.  To download a copy of the latest issue of Trade Forum visit www.tradeforum.org.




Published - 2009
A study on the activities of IFIs in the areas of export credit insurance and export finance
OECD, WTO, SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES, EXPORT CREDIT INSURANCE, EXPORT FINANCING

The IFIs have played an increasingly active role in this area but the extent and nature has varied significantly between individual IFIs. Helping to establish and support an ECA in the difficult early days has been recognized as an important role for the IFIs to play. Moreover, gaps in the availability of trade finance and working capital -especially for SMEs- which can exist, can be helped by IFI trade facilitation arrangements of various kinds.  this report tries to address some of these issues and, after reviewing what some IFIs have done or are doing, makes some recommendations about where IFIs can most usefully be involved, usually as a catalyst.




Published - September 2002
CBI export planner: a comprehensive guide for prospective exporters in developing countries - 5th ed.
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, EXPORT MARKETING

This fifth edition of the CBI Export Planner guides you along the relevant checkpoints, identifying those differences - and enabling to decide on actions which may lead to success. Since the best guarantee for success is the way you, as managers of your company, set course by setting objectives, this chapter will describe what goals, resources and tools you have at your disposal.




Published - 2004
Regional banks and regionalism: a new frontier for development financing
AFRICA, CARIBBEAN, LATIN AMERICA, REGIONAL COOPERATION, INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION, ECONOMIC INTEGRATION, BANKING, FINANCING, DEVELOPMENT BANKS

The 1990s witnessed the parallel forces of globalization and regionalization strongly at work. While seemingly contradictory, they are in fact complementary aspects of market development. This paper will focus on the later, and its special aspects of regionalism; i.e., policy driven cooperation. particular attention will be given to recent advances and challenges in two critical aspects of regionalism: regional trade and financial cooperation. The other important area of concern of the paper is how regional development banks are supporting regional initiatives and identifying emerging issues which they should be preparing to deal with.




Published - October 2002
World Investment Report 2014 overview: Investing in the SDGs: An action plan
FOREIGN INVESTMENT, TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS, MULTINATIONAL ENTERPRISES, FOREIGN TRADE ENTERPRISES

This edition of the World Investment Report provides valuable analysis that can inform global discussions on how to accelerate progress toward the Millennium Development Goals and shape a long-range vision for a more sustainable future beyond 2015. The Report reveals an encouraging trend: after a decline in 2012, global foreign direct investment flows rose by 9 per cent in 2013, with growth expected to continue in the years to come. This demonstrates the great potential of international investment, along with other financial resources, to help reach the goals of a post-2015 agenda for sustainable development. Transnational corporations can support this effort by creating decent jobs, generating exports, promoting rights, respecting the environment, encouraging local content, paying fair taxes and transferring capital, technology and business contacts to spur development. This year’s World Investment Report offers a global action plan for galvanizing the role of businesses in achieving future sustainable development goals, and enhancing the private sector’s positive economic, social and environmental impacts. The Report identifies the financing gap, especially in vulnerable economies, assesses the primary sources of funds for bridging the gap, and proposes policy options for the future.




Published - 2014
Green Paper: Unlocking the potential of cultural and creative industries
CULTURAL INDUSTRIES, CREATIVE INDUSTRIES, BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES, TRADE OPPORTUNITIES, EUROPE

This EU Green Paper is part of a consultation to gather views on issues affecting creative and cultural industries in Europe. It looks at capacity building, skills development and promotion of creators internationally. Download the paper from http://ec.europa.eu/culture/our-policy-development/doc/GreenPaper_creative_industries_en.pdf.




Published - 2010
The CARIFORUM/EU Economic Partnership Agreement: An Executive Summary
CARIFORUM, EU, TRADE AGREEMENT, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, EPA

This booklet gives a basic outline of the EPA process, summarises the major elements of the agreement and provide an outline of the process required to ensure implementation.




Published - 2010
Innovation and intellectual property
EPA, TRADE AGREEMENTS, INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, ECONOMIC INTEGRATION, INNOVATION

This paper enviseges partnerships through regotiations that will foster the establishments of strong innovation systems within CARIFORUM and Between CARIFORUM and the EC valuable integration within and between the regions making the anticipated contributoion to future sustainable development is also expected. Click link for article http://ictsd.net/downloads/2008/06/spence_paper2.pdf.




Published - 2010
2010 Report on sanitary and phytosanitary measures
FOOD STANDARDS, SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES

The 2010 Report on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Report) describe significant barriers to U.S. food and farm exports arising from measures that foreign governments apply on the ground that they are necessary to protect human, animal, or plant life or health from risks arising from the entry or spread of pests, from plant]or animal]borne pests or diseases, or from additives, contaminants, toxins, or disease-causing organisms in foods, beverages, or feedstuffs. These measures, known in World Trade Organization (WTO) parlance as sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures, play an increasingly critical role in shaping the flow of global trade. This report is focused on SPS measures that appear to be unscientific, unduly burdensome, discriminatory, or otherwise unwarranted and create significant barriers to U.S. exports. Many of these measures are hard to detect and can present particular challenges for small and medium sized enterprises. The report is available for download at: http://www.sice.oas.org/ctyindex/USA/USTR_Reports/SPS_Report_2010.pdf.




Published - 2010
Latin America and the Caribbean in the World Economy 2009 -2010. A crisis generated in the centre and a recovery driven by the emerging economies (Briefing paper)
LATIN AMERICA, CARIBBEAN, TRADE OPPORTUNITIES, UNITED STATES

According to this study, the world economy grew at an annualized rate of over 5 per cent during the first quarter of 2010, essentially because of strong growth in Asia. Exports from Latin America and the Caribbean are expected to grow by 21.4 per cent this year. Output and trade in Latin America and the Caribbean have also recovered more quickly than expected. This solid revival is largely based on the dynamism of domestic demand, a pick-up in investment and robust exports driven by demand from China and the rest of Asia, and by the normalization of demand in the United States.




Published - 2010
Commonwealth Ministers Reference Book 2009
UK, AGRICULTURE, TRADE AGREEMENTS, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, DIRECTORY

Provides information on the objectives of the Commonwealth. Includes papers which discuss economic issues of interest to comonwealth countries. Covers agriculture, food production and rural development, trade agreements, transport, communications, industrial development and computer and information technology.  Includes illustrations and maps(General). Also see http://www.commonwealthministers.com/publications.




Published - 2009
Manoeuvring at the Margins: Constraints Faced by Small States in International Trade Negotiations
ECONOMIC AFFAIRS, TRADE, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, SMALL STATES

The publication assesses the barriers preventing small vulnerable economies (SVEs) from achieving their desired outcomes when negotiating trade agreements. Whether it is the limited human or financial resources, or lack of support from civil society or the private sector, the challenges facing small states are numerous. For further information, visit http://www.thecommonwealth.org/news/34580/34581/229597/140910manoeuvring_at_the_margins.htm.




Published - February 2010
White paper on the emergence of European world-class clusters
EUROPEAN UNION, CLUSTERS

The White Paper identifies nine guiding principles of world class clusters, as well as three challenges, and makes seven proposals for action. It highlights some of the key features of these clusters, including:
• Close and frequent personal contacts between the senior players in the cluster, covering business, academia, and local politicians;
• Excellence in research and education in the appropriate discipline;
• A tight focus on a specialisation;
• A tight geography … at the most a 30 km radius;
• A technological infrastructure that attracts customers, creative talent
• New start-ups; and
• A cultural / lifestyle infrastructure.




Published - 2010
New Register of Caribbean English Usage,
CARIBBEAN ENGLISH,DICTIONARY,LEXICOGRAPHY,REGISTER,

Discusses the development of Caribbean usage since 1992, after 'The Dictionary of Caribbean Usage' was completed. This title comprises about 700 items, including words with senses for usages, acronyms and abbreviations that have emerged out of the ecological and cultural domains of the CARICOM territories, from Guyana to Belize. Hard copy only.




Published - 2010
Export promotion and the WTO: a brief guide
EXPORT PROMOTION, SUBSIDIES, AGREEMENT ON SUBSIDIES AND COUNTERVAILING MEASURES, AGREEMENT ON AGRICULTURE, WTO, CASE STUDIES

Study looking at export promotion schemes which are consistent with international rules on subsidies, and are most frequently used by developing countries.  Examines the rules contained in the WTO Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (ASCM), covering manufactured goods; highlights rules in the WTO Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) on subsidies, covering certain primary or agricultural products; outlines tools such as duty drawback, export credits and export guarantees, which are at the disposal of countries wishing to promote exports; presents and analyses examples of schemes in place in selected countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America.




Published - 2009
African countries and the Agreement on Agriculture: what scope for sustainable development?
TRADE AGREEMENTS, AFRICA, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, WTO

This policy aims to address the issue whether the implementation of commitments under the WTO Agreement on Agriculture enhance or limit the scope th epolicy space that African countries have in addressing food security and sustainable development issues. The analysis also extends to cover potential implication under the agreements related to the Agreement on Agriculture such as the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Meaures, and the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade. To address this issue, the paper seeks to answer the following questions: what have been the results of the Uruguay Round from an African perspective; how has the Agreement on Agriculture and otherrelated agreements been implemented and what impact has this had on the scope of the policy mix in terms of food security and sustainable development in the African countries; how may the proposals for current negotiations, if implemented, impact on the food security/sustainable development objectives of African countries?




Published - 2002
EC CARIFORUM Economic Partnership Agreement: Services and Investment Commitments
ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT, EPA, SERVICES, TRADE IN SERVICES, MARKET ACCESS, CARIBBEAN, EUROPEAN UNION

Business guide focusing on the key features of the services and investment commitments within EC-CARIFORUM Economic Partnership Agreement – part 1 deals with services and investment commitments made by the European Community (EC) granting market access for Caribbean businesses; describes commitments on a sector-by-sector basis, identifying new investment and export opportunities, and the applicable limitations; part 2 outlines trade in services and investment opportunities available, and limitations applicable, to European businesses for each sector in individual Caribbean countries.




Published - 2009
Streamlining Africa's responses to the impact and implementation of the trade related aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement
TRADE AGREEMENTS, INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS, AFRICA, FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT, FOOD SECURITY, STANDARDS, WTO, TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

This policy brief draws upon the results of the Fourth Ministerial conference of the WTO at Doha Qatar, the relevant sections of the "New African Initiative" (NAI), as well as the OAU Model Legislation, to highlight the relevance for teh African continent of the WTO's agreement on TRIPS. Focuses on the ten main issues of interest and concern for Africa; food security, enhancing Africa's export potential, access to drugs, innovation, technology transfer, FDI, employment, bio diversity, biotechnology and traditional knowledfge, education and enforcement and administrative costs.




Published - November 2001
Business guide to trade remedies in Brazil: Anti-dumping, countervailing and safeguards legislation,practices and procedures
BRAZIL, ANTI-DUMPING, SAFEGUARDS, COUNTERVAILING MEASURES, AGREEMENT ON SAFEGUARDS, AGREEMENT ON SUBSIDIES AND COUNTERVAILING MEASURES, ANTI-DUMPING AGREEMENT, WTO

Guide to trade remedy procedures (anti-dumping, countervailing and safeguard), with particular reference to trade remedy legislation and practices in Brazil; provides a description of the WTO Agreements related to trade remedies; provides an overview of the procedural aspects of anti-dumping and countervailing investigations in Brazil; outlines elements involved in anti-dumping and countervailing investigations, as established by the Brazilian anti-dumping and subsidies and countervailing measures laws; reviews safeguard measures in Brazil, covering both substantive and procedural aspects; appendices contain overviews of anti-dumping and safeguard investigations; and decrees regulating the administrative procedures regarding the imposition of countervailing and anti-dumping measures; includes bibliography (p. 325).




Published - 2009
Technical assistance services in trade policy: a contribution to the discussion on capacity-building in the WTO
WTO, TRADE POLICY, SERVICES

The purpose of this study is to provide a short overview of policies and procedures used by major multilateral agencies when formulating, implementing and assessing capacity building programmes in the field of trade policy. The objective is not to advocate any specific model of technical co-operation, but rather to pave the way for a much-needed international debate on trade policy related technical assistance (TA) by bringing to bear the experience of other organisations. With this in mind, the paper looks at institutional mechanisms provided by these agencies and presents the opinions of leading experts on capacity-building on the current state of such programmes, as well as future options. The study focuses on the WTO and, to a lesser extent, on other leading multilateral institutions in trade related TA, such as the International Trade Centre (ITC), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the World Bank as well as relevant non-governmental initiatives.




Published - 2001
Towards a single developmant vision and the role of the Single Economy
CSME,TRADE AGREEMENTS, CARIFORUM, CARICOM

The purpose of this study is to provide a short overview of policies and procedures used by major multilateral agencies when formulating, implementing and assessing capacity building programmes in the field of trade policy. The objective is not to advocate any specific model of technical co-operation, but rather to pave the way for a much-needed international debate on trade policy related technical assistance (TA) by bringing to bear the experience of other organisations. With this in mind, the paper looks at institutional mechanisms provided by these agencies and presents the opinions of leading experts on capacity-building on the current state of such programmes, as well as future options. The study focuses on the WTO and, to a lesser extent, on other leading multilateral institutions in trade related TA, such as the International Trade Centre (ITC), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the World Bank as well as relevant non-governmental initiatives.




Published - 2007
Collins Concise Spanish Dictionary
COLLINS, SPANISH, DICTIONARY, BILINGUAL

The Collins Spanish Dictionary has been revised and updated to cover all the latest vocabulary, making it ideal for intermediate to advanced learners of Spanish. Customers who buy this book get free access to Collins Concise Spanish Dictionary Online. This seventh edition of Collins Spanish Concise Dictionary is designed for students and professionals using Spanish in the course of their work or study. It draws on Collins' unique databases of Spanish and English to ensure that the user has the most complete and accurate picture of real language available today. Hard copy only.




Published - 2008
Increasing access to credit: Reforming secured transaction laws
COMMERCIAL LAW, TRADE FINANCING, CREDIT

Study presenting a framework for developing modern secured transaction laws with a view to promoting the availability of secured credit to commercial enterprises - outlines the principles for an efficient secured transaction law, and provides a methodology for reforming such laws; describes the key features of a secured transactions legal framework, covering scope, creation of security rights, priority rules, effectiveness against third parties, development of a security right register, priority needs and and enforcement; provides a sample questionnaire which could be used to start a secured transactions law reform project.




Published - 2010
Source-it: global material sourcing for the clothing industry
CLOTHING, TEXTILES, TEXTILE FABRICS, SUPPLY CHAIN, SUPPLY MANAGEMENT, VALUE CHAIN, AGREEMENT ON TEXTILES AND CLOTHING

Guide dealing with dynamics of the global textiles and clothing supply chain, and why and how garment manufacturing need to develop alternative sourcing and supply management approaches. Review historical background; discusses Chinese advantage in the international garment industry; explains different states involved in material sourcing process; deals with fabric and trim sourcing; discusses politics of trade; inclides case studies; appendices cover preferential access to the EU, summary of United States rules of origin, measures and conversions, and shipping terms/Incoterms; also includes glossary of related terms.




Published - January 2005
Model Contracts for Small Firms: Legal Guidance for Doing International Business
SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES, CONTRACTS, COMMERCIAL LAW

Book containing model forms of the main international commercial contracts that small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) will need in their trade transactions.  Provides Model Contracts for key trade activities such as sale of goods, distribution, services, joint ventures, international commercial agencies, long-term supply of goods, alliance or collaboration between parties, and contract manufacture agreement.




Published - 2010
The social clause and sustainable development
WTO, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, STANDARDS, TRADE AGREEMENTS

Defines the concept of sustainable development and the content of social clauses. Outlines the case for raising labour standards to promote sustainable development. Appraises some of the criticism and potential short-comings of three kinds: institutional constraints with existing instruments for fora. Reviews some additional measures that would complement a social clause in the multilaterial trade regime.




Published - 2001
Guide to Geographical Indications: Linking products and their origins
GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATIONS, INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, DENOMINATION OR ORIGIN, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS,C ASE STUDIES, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Study dealing with geographical indications (GIs), documenting best practices and drawing lessons from a number of case studies in this area.  Explores the development potential for countries wishing to use GIs; outlines the elements of a successful GI strategy, and examines the different mechanisms available for protecting and fostering new GI products and services; includes a glossary of related terms, and bibliographies.




Published - 2009
Secrets of electronic commerce: a guide for small and medium-sized exporters. Second edition.
ELECTRONIC COMMERCE, SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, MARKETING, E-PROCUREMENT

Guide focusing on Internet-based services with regard to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) – identifies SME issues and constraints related to electronic commerce; explains how to develop an e-commerce strategy and conduct online market research; outlines marketing and online communication techniques; answers questions on legal and financial issues; highlights characteristics of successful websites; deals with technical, policy and country-specific issues; online procurement; describes role of ITC in providing assistance in e-commerce, as well as programmes and services offered by other international bodies; includes bibliographical references.




Published - 2009
Service Pioneers: Stories of innovative entrepreneurship
SERVICES, TRADE IN SERVICES, ENTREPRENEURSHIP, CASE STUDIES, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES, ECONOMIES IN TRANSITION

Collection of case studies showcasing stories of innovative and creative service enterprises, mainly at the micro business level, in the least developed, developing and transition economies.  Covers Argentina, El Salvador, Guatemala, Paraguay and Uruguay; Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa; Cambodia , Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Viet Nam; China, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka; highlights how these enterprises created value for their customers through the creation of new services or, by improving the way a service is delivered; explores some of the key themes from the case studies and uses those themes to describe the dynamics and characteristics of the services business.




Published - 2009
How to Access Trade Finance: A guide for exporting SMEs
TRADE FINANCING, EXPORT FINANCING, EXPORT CREDIT, RISK MANAGEMENT, SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES

Guide dealing with the processes involved in obtaining finance for exporting SMEs. Explains the credit process of financial institutions from pre-application to loan repayment; examines the SME sector and barriers to finance, as well as the risks in lending to the SME sector as perceived by financial institutions; addresses SMEs internal assessment of financial needs, determining the right financing instruments, and finding the appropriate lenders and service providers; discusses how to approach and negotiate with banks; tackles cash flow and risk management issues; includes examples of real-life business plans and loan requests; includes bibliography.




Published - 2009
Caribbean labour relations systems: an overview
CARIBBEAN, ILO, LABOUR

Provides the historical background which helped to shape the system of industrial relations; an overview of legal framework; the influence of the International Labour Organisation and international labour standards, and developments and trends in social dialogue and social partnership. Presents a summary of the main body of labour legislation in each of the 21 countries of the English and Dutch-speaking Caribbean.




Published - 2002
CARICOM's intra-regional trade Vol 1 1990-2000
STATISTICAL DATA, CARICOM

This report presents data on intra-regional trade for the period 1990-2000 and comprises approximately 164 tables at the level of CARICOM, Member States and additional appendices. 




Published - 2002
The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Dominican Republic Free Trade Act, 2001
CARICOM, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, TRADE AGREEMENT

The Caribbean Community (CARICOM), of the one part, and the Dominican Republic, of the other part, (which hereinafter shall be referred to as “the Parties”); CONSIDERING the growing process of economic globalisation and the intensification of the regional and sub-regional economic integration processes in which the Parties are deeply involved, and with the purpose of achieving more adequate integration in these processes and a more significant joint presence at their fora of negotiation; CONSIDERING the urgent need to broaden the markets of the Parties in order to achieve the economies of scale that will support better levels of efficiency, productivity and competitiveness; CONSIDERING that the symmetry and complementarity that exist between the economies of the Parties enable them to achieve levels of co-operation and integration that favour the economic development of both Parties; CONSIDERING the significance accorded by the Parties to the development of closer, more dynamic and balanced trade and investment relations between them, with clear and accurate guidelines that permit full participation of all economic agents; CONSIDERING the importance that the Parties accord to economic co-operation between them for their economic development; CONSIDERING that in order to achieve a balance of rights and obligations within the framework of this Agreement, liberalisation should include trade in goods and services, and investment regimes; CONSIDERING the rights and obligations of Member States of CARICOM and the Dominican Republic as Members of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), and other relevant international agreements as well as those existing among the Member States of CARICOM under the Treaty of Chaguaramas; The Parties agree to create a Free Trade Area that includes Trade in Goods and Services, Investment and Economic Co-operation.




Published - 2001
Doing business in Curacao
CURACAO, TRADE PRACTICE, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES

With the recent advances in technology our world has become one interlinked group of nations. Curaçao, being a small part of our globe offers many opportunities for multinational investors. This guide was prepared to better acquaint potential investors with the business climate in Curaçao.




Published - July 2015
From natural resources to the knowledge economy: trade and job quality
LATIN AMERICA, ECONOMIC CONDITIONS, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

The report attempts to provide answers to a series of both positive and normative questions related to this fundamental concern. Specifically, we address a series of questions related to trade, natural resources, and growth in Chapters 2 to 4: Will LAC countries continue to specialize in commodities? Is their natural resource wealth their destiny? Can they build comparative advantages in technologically sophisticated economic activities related or unrelated to their natural resource wealth? Is their natural resource wealth a curse for development? Or, on the contrary, are natural resources assets for development? Is there or is there not an inescapable dilemma between the old economy based on natural resources and the new knowledge-intensive economy of the 21st century? Can natural resource-based activities be knowledge-intensive industries that lead development for a long time? In Chapter 5 we also address two questions related to trade and jobs: Are the new jobs emerging from free trade "poor-quality" jobs? Has free increased unemployment, informality, and wage inequality?




Published - 2002
Seminar Report - Good Statistics for a sustainable development of Suriname
SURINAME, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, STATISTICS

Policymakers need demographic statistics and other business indicators at detailed level, among others to understand the dynamics of SMEs and to monitor the performance and the competitiveness of the various sectors.  At the same time the private sector needs statistics to take trade- and investment decisions and to monitor market developments. The lack of reliable statistical information to underpin policy preparation and to respond to the needs of the local private sector is an important constraint for the development of the domestic private sector. Also the informal economy to a large extent escapes the quantitative analyses and only relevant information from qualitative research can be obtained to complete the statistics. The objective of the seminar is, in cooperation with the institutes involved in the collection and dissemination of statistics (including GBS), to create the awareness between the private sector and the public sector for the use, the availability and the value of statistics for a sustainable development of Suriname.




Published - June 26, 2009
Information Communication Technologies in CARIFORUM states. An Assistance Roadmap
ICT, CARIFORUM, MARTINIQUE

The report on the Caribbean Export Working Group of ICT Experts  is based on the meeting held at the Chambre De Commerce in Fort de France, Martinique on Monday, June 18, 2007, from 10:30 am – 7:00pm. Each participant was asked to provide a broad overview of the main characteristics of the sector in their respective states, including but not limited to the structure and organizational context, policy and related issues, opportunities and challenges in the sector. To focus the discussion on the export context, the consultant provided an overview of the global ICT sector and based on prior research identified the challenges in the region generally and as it relates to investment and export, specifically. Thereafter the discussions were focused to respond to the following key questions:

1. The level of interest in and common challenges to the export of ICTs; 2. Specific areas of collaboration; 3. Specific areas where technical interventions were likely to be most impactful; 4. Specific commitments and action items in taking the process forward.

To ensure the report had the benefit of the most relevant and current information on the state of the sector (including the most recent innovation initiatives) and to exploit further opportunities for networking with the region’s ICT experts, the consultant also attended the MadinTech Conference on behalf of Caribbean Export. Finally, other available studies and reports on the development of ICTs in the region were consulted to ensure the recommendations and proposed interventions had the benefit of the prevailing wisdom and were appropriately prioritized. 

The information is reported as presented and in some instances the submissions do not represent a complete catalogue of the initiatives and movement in each issue area. However, the outcomes of the working group were not impacted to any great extent by these inconsistencies since the gaps, where relevant to the discussion on intervention strategies were either provided by the regional summary or by the participants in the discussion portion of the working group activities. Together these provide the context for the discussions in Martinique and the rationale for the outcomes from the session.




Published - June 30, 2007
Doing business 2010: reforming through difficult times
TRADE PRACTICES, BUSINESS CUSTOM, ECONOMIC CONDITIONS

Access to Doing Business reports as well as subnational and regional reports, reform case studies and customized country and regional profiles.  For additional inforwation visit http://www.doingbusiness.org/downloads.




Published - 2009
Special and Differential Treatment in CARICOM
CARICOM, OECS, REGIONAL COOPERATION, TARIFF POLICY, RULES OF ORIGIN, TRADE AGREEMENTS, TRADE POLICY

This document provides an analysis and assessment of Special and Differential Treatment in CARICOM. It's obejectives are to: describe and analze the provisions for Special and Differential treatment in CARICOM; Establish their purpose and examine how these have been rendered operational in practice; Establish the effects and implications on sectors, firms, products receiving special and differential Treatment; Provide policy recommendations regarding Special and Differential Treatment. Special and differential treatment provisions were designed in principle to facilitate the accession and participation of the Less Developed Economies and in particular of the Organisation of the Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) in the CARICOM trade and integration regime.




Published - February 07, 2007
A rainbow technology for a rainbow people: e-business capacity development for the CARICOM
ECOMMERCE, CARICOM, MARKET RESEARCH, COMMODITY AGREEMENTS

This paper analyses the situation in each member state and in doing so highlights the gaps or requirements for e-business capacity development that need to be addressed at the national and regional level.




Published - 2001
Technical Barriers to Trade Part 4: Conformity Assessment
NONTARIFF BARRIERS, TRADE BARRIERS, WTO

The WTO Agreement on TBT defines conformity assessment as any procedure used, directly or indirectly, to determine that relevant requirements in technical regulations or standards are fulfilled. Conformity assessment procedures include, inter alia, procedures for sampling, testing and inspection; evaluation, verification and assurance of conformity; registration, accreditation and approval as well as their combinations.




Published - October 2010
Free Trade Area of the Americas: the scope of the negotiations
FTAA, FREE TRADE AREA, TRADE AGREEMENTS

The purpose of this work is to analyze the negotiation agenda of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), its participants¿ main interests and the main conflicts that might arise in the process. Hence, a revision of the core interests pursued by countries in each of the nine FTAA negotiating groups is made. Interests are classified into "defensive" and "offensive". The first, are those pursued by the status quo, generally associated with the protection of the domestic market, and the latter, respond to the objective of achieving free access to the markets of participating countries. Then, diverse factors characterizing the FTAA negotiation as a unique initiative, are examined, namely: (1) the ambitious negotiation agenda and the relatively short time for its accomplishment; (2) the high number of participating countries; (3) diversity in size and productive structure of participating countries; (4) the coincidence of FTAA negotiations, the Doha Round and trade agreements signed by a significant number of countries in the region; (5) the coexistence of the future hemispheric agreement with current trade and other agreements in the region; and (6) the USA political environment. - See more at: https://publications.iadb.org/handle/11319/2563#sthash.rt4fzzwd.dpuf.




Published - June 2003
MERCOSUR report 2001-2002
MERCOSUR, TRADE AGREEMENTS, FOREIGN TRADE

The eighteen months from June 2001 to end December 2002 were a period of unprecedented economic crisis within MERCOSUR, stemming from the sharp external shock that, with different characteristics, origins, and consequences in each member country, manifested itself in the blocs two main economies as the exhaustion of market or voluntary credit. This phenomenon occurred in the context of a world economy with little momentum, one finding it highly difficult to recover the growth rate of the 1990s, and characterized, in particular, by limited flows of liquidity towards emerging markets. Unlike the traumatic events of recent years, this was not a case of mere contagion effect among neighboring and partner countries. - See more at: https://publications.iadb.org/handle/11319/2953#sthash.7tqO2KzF.dpuf.




Published - January 2003
Aid for Trade : Supporting Trade Preference Reform
AID FOR TRADE, TRADE FACILITATION, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Aid-for-trade programs can help strengthen low-income countries' supply capacity and knowledge of trade preferences, which will allow them to take fuller advantage of these preferences. Aid for trade to support preference reform can be divided into three categories: (i) creation of information-sharing mechanisms to ensure that governments, SMEs and other businesses are aware of the opportunities that preferential market access offers; (ii) capacity-building support to overcome supply-side and policy constraints; and (iii) support to ease the adjustments to preference erosion that will inevitably occur. As with other aid initiatives, coordination and cohesion among assistance programs is critical for success. Deliver mechanisms such as the Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF), the Trade Facilitation Facility (TFF), and the Standards and Trade Development Facility (STDF), are aimed at facilitating such coordination, but more could be done. And, as preference programs are intended to be temporary, aid for trade can also facilitate graduation from these programs and compensate beneficiaries for preference erosion. Unfortunately, this are is still lacking the level of innovation and financial support needed.




Published - 2010
World Investment Report 2015: Reforming International Investment Governance
INVESTMENT, FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS

The World Investment Report tackles the key challenges in international investment protection and promotion,including the right to regulate, investor-state dispute settlement, and investor responsibility. Furthermore, it examines the fiscal treatment of international investment, including contributions of multinational corporations in developing countries, fiscal leakage through tax avoidance, and the role of offshore investment links. The Report offers a menu of options for the reform of the international investment treaties regime, together with a roadmap to guide policymakers at the national, bilateral, regional and multilateral levels. It also proposes a set of principles and guidelines to ensure coherence between international tax and investment policies.




Published - 2015
Agritrade News Update
AGRICULTURE, RURAL COOPERATION, WTO, ACP, EU, NEGOTIATION

Agritrade aims to create and heighten awareness of the critical issues, deadlines and fora of discussions on agriculture and rural cooperation and provides information on developments pertinent to the ACP-EU negotiations and related developments in the WTO. For further information visit http://agritrade.cta.int/en/Back-issues/Agriculture-monthly-news-update/2010.




Published - 2010
Prospects for CARICOM Services Exports in Information and Communications Technology: Trade and Investment Issues
ICT, CARICOM, SERVICES, TRADE, INVESTMENT

The purpose of this paper is to discuss and asses the challenges to CARICOM deriving from these various negotiating forums and processes for services4 in particular as it relates to CARICOM service exports in information and communications technology and to provide recommendations on how CARICOM as a region should approach impending negotiations.




Published - 2003
CARIFORUM - EU Business Forum: Recommendations and Findings on ICT: Reaping the Benefits of the EPA
CARIFORUM, EU, EPA, ICT

The CARIFORUM and the EU business sectors established the CARIFORUM-EU Business Forum on November 26th, 2008 in Barbados. The Forum, which follows the signing of the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) in October 2008, will serve as the framework for public-private sector dialogue for fostering business between the two regions. The main objective of this Forum is to promote business among operators from both the Caribbean and the EU and to identify key sectors that will become the economic drivers to assist both regions - most particularly the Caribbean - in reaping the benefits of the EPA.




Published - 2008
Guidelines for Exporters of Fruit and Vegetables to the European Market
EU, FRUIT, VEGETABLES, MARKETING RESEARCH

This hardbook provides an introduction to the trade in the EU, looking in turn at the EU and its constituents markets, products with potential, the practicabilities of an export enterprise and finally the regulations. Addresses, trade fairs and bibliography complete the appendices of the handbook. To read this handbook visit http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/commonwealth/trade/guidelines-for-exporters-of-fruit-vegetables-to-the-european-markets_9781848597396-en.




Published - January 2001
The CARICOM Environment in Figures 2004
CARICOM, STATISTICS, ENVIRONMENT

This report was prepared by the CARICOM Secretariat, statistics sub-programme based on data submitted by Member States and Associate Members, from the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) and from other regional and national organisations.  The publication focusses on twelve (12 themes which are: Population and Households, Tourism, Environmental Health, Natural Disasiers, Energy and Minerals, Land Use and Agriculture, Coastal and Marine Resources, Biodiversity, Forest, Air, Waste and Water.




Published - 2008
Doing business in Bermuda: A country commercial guide for US companies
BERMUDA, TRADE PRACTICES, TRADE FACILITATION, TRADE OPPORTUNITIES, TRADE POLICY, IMPORT POLICY, INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES

This publication provided information on the Bermudian political and economic environment, trade regulations and standards and the investment climate.  Also looks at trade and project financing, market research, trade events and leading sectors for U.S. export and investment.




Published - 2008
Report on the Caribbean Export / Caribbean Design Network 2nd Product Development and Creative Workshop, August 11-12, 2009
DESIGN, CARIBBEAN, HANDICRAFTS, CARIBBEAN DESIGN NETWORK

The overall goal of the Caribbean Design Network/Onsite Caribbean Project is to increase the competitiveness of micro and small sized enterprises in the region through the development of export-ready craft collections and to launch and promote these collections in regional and international markets.




Published - 2009
Regional e-Preparedness Report: State of e-Business and Potential for Development in the Caribbean Region.,
CARIBBEAN, CARICOM, ELECTRONIC COMMERCE, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.,

Paper focusing on the status of e-trade readiness of the 13 member States of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), and outlining basic e-trade readiness factors for each country - assesses extent of the presence of e-trade practices within the business enterprises, used in the context of international trade; analyses the extent of e-trade support network and initiatives already in place in each country; examines the level of infrastructure and policies conducive to e-trade at national level; appendices include duties and taxes on information technology (IT) equipment in CARICOM member States; CARICOM receipt, payment and balance of services; country IT indicators; digitizable media products, and definition of selected related terms; also includes bibliographical references.,


Published - 2003
Implementation of the recommendations of the Architecture Group at CARIFORUM-EU Business Forum proposed roadmap
CARIFORUM, EU, ARCHITECTURAL SERVICES, TRADE OPPORTUNITY, TRADE FAIR

The report concludes that the architecture sector in the region seems appropriately set at the moment to play a pivotal role in the development of interaction between Europe and CARIFORUM. Initially, there appears to be need for some institutional support while the existing associations are strengthened. It is proposed that Caribbean Export be requested to carry out this function in the initial period. Thereafter, existing organizations can take responsibility for different aspects of the enterprise.  Creating stronger linkages between firms and associations in the CARICOM with the Dominican Institutions and Firms is critical. Consideration might also be given to promoting exchanges at the educational level, particularly in areas related to continuous improvement and skills upgrading. This will necessitate collaboration between educational and professional associations within the partners to ensure certification of programmes and acceptance of newly-gained competencies. These increased contacts will hopefully lead to new business linkages and cooperation in seeking out new business opportunities in the Caribbean and with Europe.




Published - February 2009
Doing Business 2009: Caribbean States
CARIBBEAN, TRADE PRACTICES, TRADE OPPORTUNITIES, INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES

Doing Business 2009 is the sixth in a series of annual reports investigating regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. A set of regulations affecting 10 stages of a business's life are measured " starting a business, dealing with construction permits, employing workers, registering property, getting credit, protecting investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts and closing a business. The indicators are used to analyze economic outcomes and identify what reforms have worked where and why. The following pages present the summary Doing Business indicators for Caribbean states (www.sidsnet.org).




Published - 2008
Report Onsite Caribbean 2 Seminar and Planning Meeting May 22-26, 2009, Guyana,
CARIBBEAN,DESIGN,HANDICRAFTS,CARIBBEAN DESIGN NETWORK,


Published - 2009
Production statistics, 1999.,
STATISTICAL DATA.,JAMAICA.,


Published - 2000
Doing Business in the Bahamas: 2009 Country Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies,
BAHAMAS,TRADE PRACTICES,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES,TRADE FACILITATION,


Published - 2009
ACP-EU partnership agreement signed in COTONOU on June 23, 2003.,
ACP.,EU.,TRADE AGREEMENT.,


Published - 2000
Doing Business in Antigua and Barbuda: A Country Guide for U.S. Companies,
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA,TRADE PRACTICES,TRADE FACILITATION,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,TRADE POLICY,IMPORT POLICY,INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES,


Published - 2010
Doing Business in Bulgaria: 2009 Country Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies,
BULGARIA,TRADE PRACTICES,TRADE FACILITATION,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,TRADE POLICY,IMPORT POLICY,INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES,


Published - 2009
Trade Policy Review. Report by the Secretariat, Guyana,
GUYANA,TRADE POLICY,


Published - 2009
Effective public-private partnership in the information technology sector: How to enhance business and trade capacities.,
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.,PARTNERSHIP.,PRIVATE SECTOR.,PUBLIC sECTOR.,

Study focusing on the significance of public-private partnership in the area of information and communication technology (ICT), as a key to bridging the digital divide - discusses the concept of partnership and describes the acitivities of the public/government sector in providing an overall ICT support framework; analyzes the implication of public-private partnership for SME's, and examines related experiences in the European Union and transition economies; also reviews events in other countries, some of which have transformed their economies by developing effective ICT industries; present the views of the business community, as perceived by Ericson Europe, on the importance of public-private parrtnership in this area.,


Published - 2003
Doing Business in Brazil: 2009 Country Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies,
BRAZIL,TRADE PRACTICES,TRADE FACILITATION,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,TRADE POLICY,IMPORT POLICY,INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES,


Published - 2009
World Directory of Trade Promotion Organizations and other trade support institutions.,
DIRECTORIES.,TRADE PROMOTION.,TRADE PROMOTION INFRASTRUCTURE.,

Directory of trade promotion organisation and other trade support institutions involved in international trade - includes ministries, trade promotion organizations, import promotion offices, chambers of commerce and industry in principal business centres and/or federations of chambers of commerce and industry, trade associations, operational trade points and in separate chapters, selected regional and international organisations; list of organisations in (English) alphabetical order of countries/territories with addresses, telephone and telefax numbers, electronic mail and Internet site addresses.,


Published - 2009
Doing Business in Bolivia: A Country Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies,
BOLIVIA,TRADE PRACTICES,TRADE FACILITATION,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,TRADE POLICY,IMPORT POLICY,INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES,


Published - 2010
Exporting Automotive Components: An answer book for small and medium-sized enterprises.,
AUTOMOTIVE PARTS.,EXPORT MARKETING.,MARKET ACCESS.,

Guidebook aimed at small and medium-sized enterprises, presented in the form of questions and answers covering various aspects of exporting in the automotive components sector - outlines fundamentals of exporting; highlights information sources on industry trends, and buyers and suppliers; explains ISO's relevant quality standards; deals with trade channels, client requirements and costing and pricing issues; provides guidelines on market research, price information sources; covers customs and import duties, Internet directories, e-commerce, online procurement, and packaging and labelling; discusses WTO-related issues and intellectual property aspect,s.,


Published - 2003
Influencing and Meeting International Standards: Challenges for developing countries. Volume one- background information, findings from case studies and technical assistance needs.,
CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT.,SPS,&,STANDARDIZATION.,TBT.,

Study dealing with technical assistance needs of developing countries in order to conform with technical regulations and sanitary and phytosanitary measures required by export markets - provides background information on the objectives and rules of the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) and the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS); draws upon experiences of selected developing countries in this area to identify their needs for technical assistance, and to examine the development of standardization and conformity assessment systems in developing countries.,


Published - 2003
Franchising: your Business opportuning!,
DISTRIBUTION NETWORK.,FRANCHISING.,RETAIL TRADE.,CONTRACTS.,BARBADOS,

This workshop aims at exploring business opportunities, strengthening business competitiveness and assisting the private sector in capacity building. It also signifies the government's commitment to facilitate on enabling environment for business to prosper in Barbados.,


Published - 2003
ITC Contractual Joint Venture Model Agreements.,
JOINT VENTURE.,CONTRACTS.,

Model for joint venture agreements where the parties organize their cooperation on a contractual basis without forming a corporate body - presents model contracts applying to three-or-more-party joint ventures, as well as those applying to two-party joint ventures only; for each contract provides checklist of options, fill-ins, time limits, ancilliary documents and user's guides.,


Published - 2004
Programme to Enhance the Establishment of E-commerce Regimes and teh Sdoption of E-commerce by Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) in CARIFORUM: E-Commerec Strategy Paper for CARIFORUM,
E-COMMERCE,SME,CARIFORUM,INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY,

This strategy document consists of two main parts. The first one is devoted to an analysis of the current situation of e-commerce in CARIFORUM countries, its barriers and facilitators. The second part presents the strategies which are proposed in esponse to the analysis.,


Published - 2010
Marketing Crafts and Visual Arts: The Role of Intellectual Property: A practical guide.,
WORKS OF ART.,INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY.,CRAFTS,

Guide dealing with the relationship between successful marketing of crafts and visual arts and the appropriate use of intellectual property (IP) system instruments - points to situations where obtaining formal IP protection ought to be considered; explains how to implement marketing and IP strategies within a business framework and marketing management process; presents case studies and examples of managing IP assets in marketing from the craft and visual arts sectors in developing countries; includes bibliographical references,


Published - 2003

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