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Implications for developing countries of likely reforms of the common agricultural policy of the European Union.,
EU.,TOBACCO.,SUGAR.,FRUIT AND VEGETABLES.,BEEF.,DAIRY PRODUCTS.,CEREAL PRODUCTS.,BANANAS.,GATT.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,

Looks at the likely changes to the European Union Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in the new millennium. Discusses changes in key CAP commodity regimes and the effects on developing countries.,


Published - December, 1999
The dynamics of export-processing zones.,
EXPORT-PROCESSING ZONES.,ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.,FREE ZONES.,

Using a monopolistic pricing model as benchmark, this paper develops a dynamic framework within which issues concerning the role of export-processing zones in promoting econic openness and trasition is assed. Technological learning and adaptation contribute profoundly to economic development in LDCs; multinational activities tend to generate an externality that facilitates the process of technology transfer and learning. The model sifnifies these critical factors. The study suggests, among other thins, that the concept of export-processing zones may serve as an effective policy means, when implemented properly, in achieving greater economic openness and growth. in this gradual evloving development process, countries that operate export-processing zones may follow a different transitional path and sequence from the one that is often cited in literature.,


Published - December,1999
Competition policy, development and developing countries
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, WTO, INTERNATIONAL TRADE, TRADE PRACTICES

This working paper attempts to shed some light on the inadequacies of the approaches to competition policy advocated by the North, and which are reflected in WTO and increasingly in the UN as well. The paper illustrates that in-depth  academic analysis of the subject of competition policy, when taking into account development priorities and analysing the situation in an integrated and balanced manner, arrives at a set of policy conclusions and approaches which differ substantially from those currently pressed for in the WTO arena. This analysis provides yet one more example of the vital importance for developing countries of overcoming dependence on North-based studies and analyses, and of organizing their own analyses with a view to preparing their views and positions in international debates and negotiations such as those taking place in WTO.

 




Published - November 1999
Investment agreements in the Western hemisphere: a compendium
INVESTMENT, TRADE AGREEMENTS, JOINT VENTURES

The first section of this Compendium covers the key provisions of 58 bilateral investment treaties signed between countries of the region.  The second section is devoted to the investment provisions included in the multilateral trade and integration arrangements found in the Western Hemisphere: NAFTA, G-3, the two Mercosur investment protocols, Decision 291 of the Andean Pact, and CARICOM. The third section examines the investment provisions in the Bolivia-Mexico, Costa Rica-Mexico and Canada-Chile FTAs, and the fourth section looks at the Chile-Mexico, Mexico-Nicaragua, and the Central America-Dominican Republic FTAs. Building on the methodology used by the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), the Compendium covers seven elements: scope of application, admission, treatment, transfers, expropriation, settlement of disputes between Contracting Parties, and settlement of disputes between a Contracting Party and an investor. Visit http://www.ftaa-alca.org/ngroups/ngin/publications/english99/main.asp for additional information.




Published - October 1999
Competition policy, developing countries and the World Trade Organisation
WTO, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, COMPETITION POLICY, TRADE POLICY

In this paper we review the Competition Policy from a developing country perspective. We start with some definitions of terms and a discussion of the point of view of the main protagonists at the WTO: the EU, US, Japan and the newly industrialized countries of East Asia. We then consider the case for national competion legislation in developing countries and their potential interests in multilateral disciplines in this area. The major options that may be pursued at the multilateral level are summarized.




Published - October 1999
Trade liberalisation in a dynamic setting: implications of new WTO Round
TRADE LIBERALISATION, WTO

This paper explores the impacts of the new WTO Round of trade liberalization over the period 2000 to 2010, using the model that allows for short run unemployment, adjustment costs in capital formation, international flows of financial assets and forwrd looking expectations of the announced policy changes. The focus of the paper is on dynamic adjustment from 2000 to 2020 and the implications for short run global adjustment. So as to provide a metric for judging the scale of the results, the results are compared topolicy in which there is a transfer of foreign aid to Asia Crisis countries. This policy is normalized so that the present value of consumption is equal for the recipient countries under both policies. The trade reforms lead to much global consumption for the same return to the Asia Crisis countries.  In addition, the paper considers the endogeniety of total factor productivity growth in manufacturing industries to changes in tariffs. This implements, in general equilibrium, the empirical results in Chand (1999). It is shown that these effects can lead to large gains to trade liberalization relative to the standard assumption of exogenous TFP growth but also can accentuate the adjustment process with short term policy implications.




Published - September 1999
Intellectual property legal guide.,
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC.,TRADEMARKS.,PATENTS.,

This publication offers information regarding Dominican legislation on trademarks, tradenames, patents, industrial design an dutility models and provides a detailed description of the required administrative procedures. References to the Bill on Intellectual Propoerty posed by the World Intellectual Property Organisation, complete the general overview offered in this guide.,


Published - August, 1999
How has regionalism in the 1990's affected trade?,
NAFTA.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,TRADE LIBERALISATION.,MERSOUR.,PREFERENTIAL TRADE AGREEMENTS.,PREFENTIAL TARIFFS.,

This paper uses the growing model to assess recent developments in prefrential trade agreements.,


Published - August, 1999
Financial services in the trading system: progress and prospects
WTO, NAFTA, SERVICES

Explains the distinction between trade in financial services and capital flows. Discusses the growth and development of disciplines on services in the world trading system and assesses the treatment of financial services in the process.




Published - July 1999
Protocol No. 1 Lomé IV Convention - The Rules of Origin manual for the use of officials, exporters and producers
LOME, RULES OF ORIGIN

The purpose of this manual is to provide an understandable reference guide to Protocol No. 1. It is not intended to replace Protocol No. 1, but to be used with it. Its aim is that as an exporter, producer or official of the Customs Authorities, you will be able to interpret and apply Protocol No. 1 more easily by reference to this manual. Its objectives are to ensure that as an exporter or producer you: are fully aware of the conditions to be complied with to secure preferential access to the Community; understand how products can be "originating" either by being "wholly obtained" or by undergoing "sufficient working or processing"; understand the documentation for declaration of the origin of products; and are aware of the benefits to you and your customer of preferential access to the Community.




Published - July 1999
What are the implications of Raymen Vernon''s Product Cycle Model of Parental Control and Supervision over subsidiaries for the growth and Welfare of host countires in the developing world?,
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,ECONOMICS.,TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS.,


Published - 1999
Globalization with a human face: perspectives from Latin America and the Caribbean.,
GLOBALISATION.,LATIN AMERICA.,CARIBBEAN.,TRADE LIBERALISATION.,


Published - 1999
Trade policy in CARICOM: overview of the main trade policy measure,
CARICOM,TRADE POLICY,

This paper reviews trade policy regimes in CARICOM countries during the 1980s and 1990s. CARICOM trade policy regimes have undergone substantial changes in the 1990s reflecting the desire of the group's member countries to move away from inward-looking to more outward-oriented growth and development. The growing recognition of the importance of export promotion policies led to the adoption of a programme for the Harmonozation of fiscal Incentive to Industry in 1993. All the CARICOM countries have introduced a series of exprt promotion measures, including fiscal incentive regimes and export financing schemes.,


Published - 1999
Approaches to charging for trade information services.,
INFORMATION SERVCIES.,PRICES.,


Published - Feb, 1999
Recent trade performances of Caribbean countries.,
CARIBBEAN.,FOREIGN TRADE.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS.,NAFTA.,CHILE.,MERCOSUR.,EUROPEAN UNION.,CACM.,CAF.,


Published - 1999
Foreign trade statistics - A guide for their use in market research.,
STATISTICAL DATA.,FOREIGN TRADE.,

Preparation and contents of trade statistics: nomenclatures (commodity, services, country), reliability of trade ststistics. Sources of trade statistics (national and internatinal sources, like COMEXT, COMTRADE, PC-TAS, TRADSTAT, World Trade Atlas), availability on CD-ROMs, on teh internet and on-line databases. Tools for analyzing trade statistics: basic indicators (level of aggregation, currency, growth rates, trends), economi,c indicators (trade ratios, concentration, diversification, and competitiveness indicators), trade forecasts (exprapolative methods, source of professional forcasts), software for analyzing and presenting trade statistics. Examples of applications: from the enterprise perspective (identification of new export market, market diversification strategies) and from the trade promotion perspective (national trade performance, priority setting).,


Published - 1999
Trade rules in the making: challenges in regional and multilateral negotiations.,
FREE TRADE AREA.,ECONOMIC INTEGRATION.,REGIONAL COOPERATION.,

This volume includes papers prepared for a joint project undertaken by the OAS, Georgetown University and the WTO. The book targets the key trade issues on the agenda. Addresses trade and trade-related policy issues that are relevant in both the regional and multilateral context as well as matters such as non-reciprocal preference schemes.,


Published - 1999
SME Cluster and Network Development in Developing Countries: The Experience of UNIDO,
SME,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES,CLUSTER,HONDURAS,NICARAGUA,MEXICO,JAMAICA,

This paper describes the background and experience of the UNIDO technical assistance programme for SME networking. Draws conclusions on the methodological steps and principles of UNIDO. Provides information on lessons learnt and highlights the significant issues that emerged and might prove useful in further applications.,


Published - 1999
WTO Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement: Issues for Developing Countries,
PHYTOSANITARY,SANITARY,SPS AGREEMENT,


Published - 1999
The impact of trade liberalisation and fluctuation of commodity prices on Government finances: The case pf St. Lucia.,
TRADE LIBERALIZATION.,BANANAS.,ST. LUCIA.,PRICES.,

This paper provides an assessment of the effects of trade liberalization and fluctuations in banana prices on government finances in St. Lucia. Also highlights the importance of banana exports to the economy.,


Published - 1999
How Stronger Protection of Intellectual Property Rights Affects International Trade Flows,
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY,PATENTS,

Considerations of political economy favor higher standards of protection for intellectual property rights. But does stronger protection of intellectual property rights have a positive impact on international trade flows? Yes in the case of nonfuel trade in general, but no evidence is found for trade in high-technology goods. Intellectual property rights affect international trade flows when protected goods move across national boundaries. And intellectual property rights have grown in importance as the share of knowledge-intensive or high-technology products in international trade has doubled (from 12 percent in 1980 to 24 percent in 1994). Fink and Braga report new evidence about how protecting intellectual property rights affects international trade flows of nonfuel trade products. Employing a gravity model of bilateral trade, they estimate the effects of increased protection on a cross-section of 89 x 88 countries. To address estimation problems associated with zero trade flows between countries, they adopt a bivariate distributed probit regression model. Their results confirm previous findings: Stronger protection of intellectual property rights increases bilateral trade flows of manufactured nonfuel imports. But the results do not hold for trade flows in high technology, where the effect of protecting intellectual property rights was found to be insignificant. This paper - a joint product of the Science and Technology Thematic Group and the Energy, Mining, and Telecommunications Department - is part of a larger effort in the Bank to assess the impact of intellectual property rights on economic development. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=569254,


Published - February, 1999
Micro-and small- enterprise (MSE) finance in CARICOM.,
CARICOM.,SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES.,FINANCING.,


Published - 1999
Curacao exporters guide.,
CURACAO.,MANUAL.,NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.,


Published - 1999
Intranets and push technology: creating an information storing enviroment.,
INFORMATION SYSTEMS.,INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.,INFORMATICS.,INFORMATION SCIENCES.,


Published - 1999
"The value added tax: its relevance to the member countries of the ECCB".,
OECS.,NON TARIFF BARRIERS.,IMPORTS REGULATION.,

This paper examines the theoretical and practical aspects of the VAT to determine its applicability to the member countries of the ECCB. Section 1 focuses on the theoretical aspects of the VAT, while section 11, examines the pratical issues relating to the implementation of the tax. The experience of T,&,T, and Grenada in the implementation of the tax is also examined. The paper concludes with some reccommendations for implemeting the VAT for the member countries of the ECCB.,


Published - 1999
Business guide to the world trading system. 2nd ed.,
TRADE AGREEMENTS.,WTO.,TRADE LIBRALIZATION.,

Updated version of Business Guide to the Uruguay Round 1995 ed., reviewing developments that hae taken place between 1996 and 1999-provides overallof the WTO system:explains role of WTo as a forum for negotiations and as an organizationfor settling trade disputes: presents rules applicable to trade in goods as embodied in GATT 1994 and its associate Agreements; reviews the main features of the General Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights; provides an overview of issues under discussion in the six trade-related subject areas added to the WTO work programme; chapters provide an analysis of the business implications of the issues covered.,


Published - 1999
Trade in information technology products and the WTO Agreements: current situation and views of exporters in developing countries.,
ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT.,COMPUTERS.,SOFTWARE.,TELECOMMUNICATIONS.,SERVICES.,URUGUAY ROUND.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,

Market study of information technology (IT) products - reviews trade patterns, technological trends and market opportuinties for telecommunication and electronic data processing equipment, semiconductor devices, semiconductor manufacturing equipment and computer software; examines impact of WTO Agreements on It products, manufacturers and exporters in developing countries and makes recommendations on technical a,ssiatance programmes to improve It market access.,


Published - 1999
Integrated tariff of the United Kingdom Vols 1-3.,
UNITED KINGDOM.,TARIFFS.,


Published - 1999
"The growth potential of trade among developing countries: Insights for CARICOM".,
CARICOM.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,TRADE.,FOREIGN TRADE.,TRADE LIBERALIZATION.,CARIBBEAN.,


Published - 1999
Tackling national competitiveness in a borderless world: Policy paper series No.1,
COMMONWEALTH.,TRADE POLICY.,WTO.,GATT.,TRADE PRACTICES.,

Focuses on the improvements of competitiveness and competitiveness strategies in Commonwealth countries and contributes greatly to a debate which is becoming increasingly significant for all countries of the world.,


Published - 1999
"Building a competitive advantage: the case for offshore financial centres in CARICOM States".,
CARICOM.,TRADE PRACTICES.,BARBADOS.,INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.,

Paper examines the constraints that pose potential problems for teh region's newly emerging offshore financial centres (OFCs). Outlines a model which can aid Caribbean OFCs in building their competitive advantage and upon which an assessment of Barbados experience as a CARICOM OFCs is based, so as to illustrate the model's applicability. Concludes a systematic framework for building international competitive and sustainable OFCs within CARICOM.,


Published - 1999
"The new international economic environment: the WTO and implications for the OECS".,
CARICOM.,WTO.,OECS.,INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION.,GATT.,GATS.,TRIPS.,INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,TRADE LIBERALIZATION.,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS.,


Published - 1999
Competitiveness of the manufacturing and agro-industrial sectors in the Caribbean with a focus on Dominica, Guyana, St. Vincent and the Grenadines and Trinidad and Tobago.,
MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS.,AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS.,CARIBBEAN.,DOMINICA.,GUYANA.,ST. VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES.,TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO.,


Published - 1999
The FTAA: some longer term issues.,
FREE TRADE AREA.,TRADE LIBERALIZATION.,LATIN AMERICA.,CARIBBEAN.,

Overview of the context for the emerging new regionalism and the FTAA. Provides a generic checklist of some of the potential benefits and costs that might be anticipated from an FTAA as well as another checklist of collective and national policy issues that could help to maximise the potential for favourable effects and minimise the costs. Looks at the particular aspects of the FTAA, which will be an important determining factor of the balance of costs and benefits: the way in which the FTAA articulates with existing regional arrangements in the hemisphere. Close with brief conclusions.,


Published - 1999
The Caribbean Community: facing the challenges of regional and global integration.,
CARICOM.,REGIONAL INTEGRATION.,TRADE LIBERALIZATION.,USA.,CANADA.,LATIN AMERICA.,EUROPE.,

Chapter I provides a general overview of the Caribbean Community, key features of its economies and the challenges facing the region on the eve of the new millenium. Chapter II offers an overview of the regional integration process, including progress on intra-regional trade liberalisation, the deepening and the widening of CARICOM. Chapter III examines the external challenges facing the region today, particularly as regards its trade relations with Europe, the United States, Canada and Latin America. Chapter IV examines key areas of the services sector, both in terms of enhancing the region's export potential and supporting the establishment of a functioning single market. Chapter V briefly examines the Community's institutional structure, outlining existing bottlenecks to the effective design, implementation and enforcement of common policies. Chapter VI provides an analytical justification for promoting integration and cooperation initiatives in the region, and suggests a number of actions that could be teken to enhance the development prospects of CARICOM. The study argues that despite the limited contribution of regional integration efforts to economic deveoopment in teh region so far, integration can play a beneficial role if pursued under the right framework and with the right instruments.,


Published - 1999
Government procurement and free trade in the Americas.,
FREE TRADE AREA.,PURCHASING.,GOVERNMENT.,INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION.,

Examines the importance of open procurements, internationally accepted public procurement principles and national procurement laws and internationally agreed principles. Also looks at public procurement methods, open tendering procedures and bid challenge procedures.,


Published - 1999
Technical cooperation needs for hemispheric trade negotiations,
TRADE NEGOTIATIONS,USA,COMMERCIAL POLICY FREE TRADE,


Published - 1999
International commercial sale of perishable goods: model contract and users' guide.,
CONTRACTS.,FOOD.,

Model contract developed for international sale of foodstuffs subject to rapid physical deterioration. Proposed conditions compatible with international trade conventions and usages, offering legal framework applicable to international deliveries of goods and international payments. Users' guide provides general presentation of the model contract and commentaries on individual contractual provisions. Annexes cover text of United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods. UNIDROIT principles of international commercial contracts, and ISO currency codes.,


Published - 1999
The North American market for fresh fruit and vegetables: import regulations and quality requirements.,
FRUIT.,VEGETABLES.,USA.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,USA.,CANADA.,

Provides brief descriptions of mandatory import regulationsand administrative agencies in the United States and Canada. Contains import regulations and quality requirements which can be used as guidelines in the preparation, handling and documentation of agricultural shipments to North America. Samples of the required forms are also provided.,


Published - 1999
How to evaluate trade credit requests: a guide for bankers and teh scorecard: a risk analysis tool.,
TRADE FINANCING.,EXPORT FINANCING.,EXPORT CREDIT.,

Guide to how to assess requests for trade credit from enterprises in developing countries and transition countries. Deals with basic lending facilities and practices involved in commercial transactions; practical aspects of assessing applications for trade credit by exporters and importers; outlines ways in which trade credit transactions can be structured and monitored before and after disbursement.,


Published - 1999
Innovating for success in the export of services: a handbook.,
SERVICES.,MANAGEMENT.,EXPORT MARKETING.,

Handbook on services innovation (identifying unmet needs and designing services for them) as a tool for enhancing export profitability. Approaches innovation as a competitive strategy; describes characteristics of services innovation and its relation with cultural variables. Outlines guidelines for establishing appropriate innovation; explains how to review quality assurance procedures and clarify customer priorities. Reviews implementation cycle; examines innovation links to export readiness and export success. Includes exercises.,


Published - 1999
Electronic commerce: an examination of the issues facing Commonwealth developing countries.,
ELECTRONIC COMMERCE.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,INFORMATICS.,

This paper examines the economic, developmental and legal issues facing developing countries of the Commonwealth in the field of electronic commerce.,


Published - 1999
Sources of information:Websites for exporters.,
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.,INTERNET.,INFORMATION SERVICES.,INFORMATICS.,

Includes over 120 sector specific sites covering areas. Such as telecommunications, agriculture, clothing and textiles and financial services. Guide also covers internet sites which provide contact details, statistica data, info on multilateral development agencies, business ews and gateway sites.,


Published - 1999
Export quality management: resource material for training activities.,
QUALITY MANAGEMENT.,CERTIFICATION.,

Discusses basic concepts of quality management, based on internationally accepted principles and practice, and examines their implication for the export function. Covers various aspects such as quality requirements, quality assurance, conformity assessment and certification, trade-related environmental issues. Provides resource material that can be used in designing training programmes on export quality management for SMEs.,


Published - 1999
Multilateral tariff liberalisation and the developing countries . Policy Brief No. 18.,

Published - 1999
Analysis of the market access and national treatment commitments made by CARICOM member states under the general agreement on trade in services (GATS) of the World Trade Organisation (WTO).,
CARICOM.,GATS.,WTO.,TRADE FACILITATION.,


Published - July, 1998
Trade Secrets: the export answer book for SMEs.,
SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED EXPORTING ENTERPRISES.,INDIA.,MARKET RESEARCH.,TRADE SHOW.,QUALITY STANDARDS.,PRICING.,PACKAGING.,LABELLING.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,

Handbook customized to suit the needs of small and medium-sized exporting enterprises in India and answering the most commonly asked questions on the export process - covers market research, cultural issues, marketing, market entry methods, agents and distributors, trade shows, regulations, quality standards, pricing, financing and getting paid, transportation, documentation, packaging and labelling, trade agreements; provides a comprehensive listing of current publications, periodicals, software programs and databases available in India.,


Published - 1998
Does membership in a regional preferential trade arrangement make a country more or less protectioniist?,
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,

Looks at the systematic relationship between a developing country's participation in a preferential regional trade agreement (RTA) and the restrictiveness of its trade. Also looks at intra-bloc shares and trade intensities of the principle of RTAs involving developing countries to see if any systematic trand could be detected in the period following the formation of the blocs.,


Published - 1998
Eco trade manual: environmental challenges for exporting to the European Union.,
ENVIRONMENT.,EUROPEAN UNION.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,

An analysis of the key environmental aspects and issues faced by potential exporters of selected products to the European Union. Provides information on environmental policies and regulations, market challenges, trade and technology and concludes with addresses of development co-operation organisations, environmental ministries of the EU member states and standardisation institutes.,


Published - February, 1998
Your show master: a guide for selection, preparation and participation in European trade fairs.,
TRADE FAIRS.,EUROPE.,


Published - 1998
"The World Trade Organization and implications for developing countries".,
USA.,WTO.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,


Published - 1998
Market report: dried foods, nuts and spices.,
FOOD.,NUTS.,SPICES.,IMPORT REGULATIONS.,CANADA.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,

Provides general information on the Canadian import market for dried food, nuts and spices. Looks at trade practices, distribution and import regulations. Annex includes sources of information and trade fairs.,


Published - 1998
Organizing buyers-sellers meetings: a tool for promoting trade among developing countries.,
TRADE PROMOTION.,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES.,SOUTH-SOUTH TRADE.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,

Manual presenting methodology for preparing and implementing buyers-sellers meetings within the framework of promoting South-South trade.,


Published - 1998
International market access information: horticulture sector.,
HORTICULTURAL PRODUCTS.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,

Provides information regarding rules and measures affecting international trade of agricultural products. Also looks at trade promotion services and facilities that can be used by the horticultural industry.,


Published - 1998
GATS 2000: opening merkets for service.,
WTO.,GATS.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION.,

Provides an overview of the GATS and examines consultation and dispute settlements. Also looks at various sectors covered by GATS namely, construction, communication, distribution, finance, tourism and travel related services and transport services. Also provides an overview on the WTO.,


Published - 1998
The informal sector, micro, small amd medium-sized enterprises and job creation in the caribbean.,
CARIBBEAN.,SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES.,


Published - 1998
The CFO as corporate leader: critical issues ahead.,
MANAGEMENT.,PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT.,


Published - 1998
Leadership and change.,
MANAGEMENT.,ENTERPRISE REGULATIONS.,


Published - 1998
Making and implementing major decisions.,
ENTERPRISE REGULATIONS.,MANAGEMENT.,


Published - 1998
Harvard business review on measuring corporate performance.,
MANAGEMENT.,ENTERPRISE REGULATIONS.,


Published - 1998
Importing into the United States: a guide for commercial importers.,
USA.,FOREIGN TRADE TECHNIQUES.,

This guide looks at the entry process, invoices, assessment of duty, marking requirements. Includes information on foreign trade zones.,


Published - 1998
é negotiations: the case of the Caribbean sugar industry".,
WTO.,SUGAR.,CARIBBEAN.,LIBERALIZATION.,ACP.,LOME.,


Published - 1998
"Making a better banana farmer: restructuring the West Indian banana industry".,
BANANA.,CARIBBEAN.,WTO.,


Published - 1998
"Trade, investment and regional cooperation: the Caribbean experience".,
REGIONAL COOPERATION.,ACS.,CARIBBEAN.,ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.,FREE TRADE AREA.,INVESTMENT.,


Published - 1998
The facilitation of free trade in CARIFORUM via the development of intra-CARIFORUM trade and economic co-operation arrangements.,
FREE TRADE AREA.,ECONOMIC INTEGRATION.,REGIONAL CO-OPERATION.,CARIFORUM.,

This report reviews the trade and investment regimes of CARIFORUM countries. It makes recommendations on the potential for trade and economic cooperation among CARIFORUM countries.,


Published - December, 1997
Packaging manual; an European manual for exporters in developingcountries.,
PACKAGING.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,EUROPEAN UNION.,CUT FLOWERS.,COFFEE.,TEA.,SPICES.,FRUIT.,VEGETABLES.,CHEMICALS.,LEATHER GOODS.,EQUIPMENT.,


Published - August1997
Trade liberalisation in the Caribbean: survey and impact study.,
TRADE AGREEMENTS.,CARIBBEAN.,TRADE BARRIERS.,TRADE LIBERALIZATION.,

Discusses the Caribbean's trade and investment environment with particular reference to the CARICOM countries. Also discusses the ACS, NAFTA, CARICOM - Venezuela Agreement, CARICOM - Columbia Agreement, the FTTA and the WTO/GATT and other GSP, CBI, LOME, and CARIBCAN preferential agreements. Articulates the roles and responsibilities of the Caribbean's private and public sectors to the trade liberalization process and new trading environment. Appendices include non-tariff barriers in the Caribbean, CARICOM's trade control measures, exchange rates and information on the Caribbean stock exchanges.,


Published - 1997
The financing of exports: a guide for developing and transition economies,
EXPORT FINANCING.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,

Reviews financial measures to promote exports. Deals with role of commercial banks and export credit agencies, private-sector credit insurance and finance targeted to informal sector (micro-credits). Explains Grameen Banking Approach (GBA). Experiments in providing micro-credits for exporters in selected developing counties are described.,


Published - 1997
Training needs and capacity analysis: a tool for strategy formulation - methodological guidelines.,
TRAINING.,MANAGEMENT.,

This document provides a set of guidelines for the analysis of priority training needs and assessment of human resource development (HRD) capacity in the area of export development and trade promotion. Describes the concept, planning and implementation of training needs and capacity analysis and shows how to use these results for the formulation of a national strategy for export-oriented HRD. Also presents methodology for enterprise-level training needs analysis.,


Published - 1997
Readings in international business negotiations.,
MARKETING MANAGEMENT.,CONTRACTS.,

Collection of articles addressing specific issues and techniques related to the negotiation of commercial contracts.,


Published - 1997
Business information for trade efficiency: how to prepare a strategic plan.,
MANAGEMENT.,

This document analyses the various tools and options available for the design and preparation of short and medium term development plans.,


Published - 1997
ISO 14000 and ISO 9000.,
STANDARDS.,QUALITY.,MANAGEMENT.,ENVIRONMENT.,

Provides information on how companies can implement a comprehensive system to meet the requirements of the ISO 14000 environmental management standard and the ISO 9000 quality management standard. Also contains information on health and safety regulations and other public and product safety and general liability requirements.,


Published - 1997
Disadvantaged countries, sectors and regions in the Caribbean Community.,
CARICOM.,REGIONAL COOPERATION.,ECONOMIC INTEGRATION.,CARIBBEAN.,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS.,ECONOMIC POLICY.,

This report discusses the concept of disadvantaged as it relates to Caribbean countries. Examines the issues related to its measurement, the implications of the theory of economic integration for dislocation of economies, sectors and regions, the various measures which have been used to ameliorate the negative effects of economic integration internationally and the measures used in CARICOM to achieve the same end.,


Published - 1997
Thesaurus of international trade terms.,
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,THESAURI.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,TRADE DEVELOPMENT.,TRADE PROMOTION.,SUPPLIES MANAGEMENT.,EXPORT MARKETING.,

Terms for the use of trade information services in developing countries for the bibliographical description of printed and electronic publications and other documentation on subjects related to international trade, with particular reference to trade development, trade promotion, export marketing, supplies management and related activities. Covers descriptors for products, countries and regions, trade functions and related subjects, as well as for reference materials. Lists terms alphabetically with classification numbers, french and spanisg equivalents, scope notes where necessary, and broader, narrower and related terms, as well as cross-references. Includes lists of terms in numerical order by type.,


Published - 1997
The SME and the export development company: a practical guide to forging long-term business relations in the export sector.,
FOREIGN TRADE ENTERPRISES.,SMALL AND MEDIUM SIZE ENTERPRISES.,SERVICES.,TRADE DEVELOPMENT.,

Study focusing on the partnership between export development companies (EDCs) and SMEs, and the role of EDCs in trade development. Introduces the EDC concept and the services they provide. Outlines sequence of actions required for setting up an EDC, explains functional details of how to initiate and maintain a successful partnership between EDCs and SMEs. Provides case studies to illustrate various approaches to the EDC issue, makes suggestions and provides guidelines for governments and policy makers c,onsidering the utility of EDCs.,


Published - 1997
The TRIPS Agreement and developing countries.,
TRADE AGREEMENTS.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,

This study assesses the economic implications of the TRIPS Agreement for developing countries, focusing on market-related costs and benefits, as well as direct costs stemming from the implementation of the Agreement. Looks at the main disciplines covered by the TRIPS Agreement and highlights the principle provisions of each, its main economic and legal implications, general issues arising from its implementation and the cost involved in implementing the specific discipline. Also explores the role that international organisations can play in assisting developing countries in their efforts to implement the TRIPS Agreement. Includes case studies.,


Published - 1997
Prospects and challenges for the Caribbean.,
CARIBBEAN.,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS.,NAFTA.,

This document looks at the recent trends in growth and policy reform in the Caribbean. Also examines the NAFTA and the Caribbean, foreign capital and aid, trade preference programes and Caribbean exports to the USA.,


Published - 1997
Customs regulations of the United States Of America 1997 ed.,
CUSTOMS.,FOREIGN TRADE REGULATIONS.,IMPORT REGULATIONS.,TRADE POLICY.,TRADE BARRIERS.,


Published - 1997
An analysis of trends in the development of services sectors in the context of tendencies in other economic sectors and policy issues relating there to the OECS and some selected CARICOM member states.,
CARICOM.,OECS.,TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO.,JAMAICA.,SURINAME.,BAHAMAS.,BARBADOS.,SERVICES.,

This study provides an overview of the OECS services sector. Gives a comparable analysis of trends in the services sector in Barbados, the Bahamas, Trinidad and Tobago, and Suriname.,


Published - December, 1996
Beyond Lomé IV: exploring options for future ACP-EU cooperation
TRADE AGREEMENTS, INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION, EUROPEAN UNION, AFRICA, CARIBBEAN

This report draws on the entire consultation and discussion process. It represents literally hundreds of opinions, views, and experiences expressed by ACP and European actors. These came from formal interviews, informal discussions, research papers, animated debate in small groups, and even electronic mail. In the interests of readability, these are not individually attributed, but are incorporated in the main text. The aim is to succinctly present the issues, to give some insight into the debates, and to identify proposals that have emerged.  In all of these discussions, several major themes could be heard, striking an echo in the minds of most listeners. These "themes" provided a framework for discussions at the June conference and a structure for this report.

 




Published - October 1996
Globalization: a new role for developing countries in the integrating world
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION, INTERNATIONAL TRADE

This study reviews past trends and recent developments in globalization through trade integration. Investigates both short-term cyclical and longer-term structural elements underlying the accelerated process of global trade integration observed during the past decade, focusing on the changing strategy of, and role for, low and middle income countries (LMICs). The study also discusses the overall prospects for the coming decade, and explores conditions and policy initiatives found among the set of successful and sustained integrators of LMICs.




Published - July 1996
Issues before the World Trade Organization Committee on trade and the environment: towards developing a CARICOM negotiating position.,
WTO.,CARICOM.,ENVIRONMENT.,TRADE POLICY.,

This paper gives a brief background on the Committee on Trade and the Environment (CTE) and its work programme. Provides a summary of the concerns of developing countries on the issues relating to trade and the environment. Includes insights into the discussions in the CTE of each issue and recommends a negotiating position for CARICOM.,


Published - 1996
Business applications on the internet.,
INFORMATION SYSTEMS.,INFORMATION SERVICES.,INFORMATION PROCESSING.,

This document discusses several issues relating to internet related business applications. Covers the global issues, the mechanics of establishing and operating an internet business, marketing on the internet, web page design and issues concerning the internet and electronic commerce.,


Published - 1996
Dried fruits and edible nuts: a survey of The Netherlands and other major markets in the European Union.,
FRUITS.,NUTS.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,EUROPE.,THE NETHERLANDS.,

Market study on the Dutch market for dried fruits and edible nuts. Gives an overview of the geography, demography, economy and infrastructure of The Netherlands. Also provides information on key trends in the domestic market and sources of imports from developing countries. The second section describes the structure of the domestic dried fruit trade, and distribution channels.,


Published - 1996
International joint ventures in developing countries: happy marriages?,
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,JOINT VENTURES.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,FOREIGN TRADE.,

This study concentrates on cross border joint ventures and examines why this type of joint venture has a high failure rate. Discusses the types of problems, which arise when negotiating joint venture agreements and implementing operations.,


Published - 1996
Spices and herbs: a survey of the Netherlands and other major markets in the European Union
SPICES, MARKETING RESEARCH, NETHERLANDS, EUROPE

This report gives information on the market for speices and herbs in the Netherlands and Europe. Looks at the market in the Netehrlands, the European community as well as the Dutch conection with the other nmarkets. Also discusses product characteristics, the market, trade structure, prices, market access, promotion and sources of information.




Published - 1996
Applying ISO 9000 quality management systems.,
QUALITY CONTROL.,STANDARDS.,SMALL SCALE INDUSTRY.,MANAGEMENT.,

Handbook dealing with basic concepts of quality control and quality management. Explains structure and concept of the ISO 9000 standards and discusses establishment, implementation, auditing and third-party certification of quality management systems in relation to small and medium-sized enterprises.,


Published - 1996
Caribbean importers: a directory of importers in the fifteen member countries of the Caribbean Forum (CARIFORUM).,
DIRECTORY.,CARIBBEAN.,ENTERPRISE PROFILES.,

Companies in this directory are listed alphabetically by name of company within each country. Also contains country profiles and subject index.,


Published - 1996
Assessing information needs: tools and techniques.,
INFORMATION SCIENCES.,INFORMATION SYSTEMS.,INFORMATION SERVICES.,

The guide is organised into six sections. The first section explains why information needs assessments are so important to the health of information services. The second section defines and explains the key concepts that are associated with the study of information need. Section three maps out the essential characteristics of need and advises as to how these needs can be nurtured. Section four examines the obstacles that stand in the way of people meeting their information needs. Section five reviews the data collection methods on offer for those wishing to conduct needs or user studies. The guide concludes with a consideration of the key managerial attributes of information needs assessments.,


Published - 1996
Dried fruits and edible nuts: a survey of the Netherlands and other major markets in the European Union.,
FRUIT.,PROCESSED FOOD.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,NETHERLANDS.,EUROPE.,

This report provides information on the market for dried and edible nuts in the Netherlands and other major European markets. Looks at product characteristics, trade structure, the market, prices, market access, promotion and sources of information. Also provides a list of names and addresses of importers and agents.,


Published - 1996
Business information for trade efficiency: standards and codes.,
STANDARDS.,

Examines the various codes used worldwide namely, product and services, industrial and economic activity, country, currency and language codes.,


Published - 1996
Jamaica country commercial profile.,
JAMAICA.,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS.,TRADE BARRIERS.,INVESTMENT REGULATIONS.,

This document provides an overview of the Jamaican economy covering specifically, economic trends, political environment, the market for US products and services, trade regulations, standards and investment climate. Also gives information on prospects for the agriculture and industrial sector.,


Published - 1996
The future of copyright in a digital environment.,
INTERNET.,INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.,INFORMATION SCIENCES.,

A collection of papers which cover a range of problems involved in copyright on the internet, including the scope of protected rights on the information superhighway, the application of exemptions and limitations. Examines the collective administration of rights, resolving conflicts of law in an environment where territoriality is obsolete, alternatives to copyright protection, and designing copyright for the future.,


Published - 1996
Building process excellence.,
MANAGEMENT.,

Analyses the importance of the building process and includes information on measuring and optmising economic value, how to find better ways of innovating new ideas. Also examines process management and concludes with case studies.,


Published - 1996
ISO 9000 Quality management systems: guidelines for enterprises in developing countries.,
QUALITY CONTROL.,STANDARDS.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,PACKAGING.,

Guide presenting methodology for implementing the elements of ISO 9000 quality management system, with particular reference to small and medium-sized enterprises in developing countries. Also provides guidance on preparing such enterprises for third-party certification processes.,


Published - 1996
The Caribbean and the outcome of the Uruguay Round in the context of NAFTA and FTAA.,
CARIBBEAN.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,TRADE LIBERALIZATION.,NAFTA.,WTO.,

This paper examines the eligibility criteria of NAFTA within the context of recent hemispheric and world trade developments. It then outlines some of the provisions of GATT and highlights it significance to CDCC member countries. In addition, it attempts to identify some of the differences/similarities between selected provisions of GATT and those of NAFTA and draws some conclusions taking into consideration, the prepation for the negotiations of the FTAA and the implementation of the Final Act of the Uruguay Round and the Marrakesh Agreement establishing the World Trade Organisation (WTO).,


Published - 1996
The emerging legislative and regulatory framework governing trade-related environmental issues: implications for CARICOM countries.,
CARICOM.,ENVIRONMENT.,

This paper seeks to analyse the emerging environmental regimes, the spill-over effects on various types of economies, and the resulting implications for the various economies of CARICOM. Looks at domestic regulations in developed countries, the trade effects of these reglations and responses to these effects by producers and exporters. Also discusses the trade effects of environmental issues administered by the World Trade Organization (WTO).,


Published - January, 1996
Trade control measures affecting intra-CARICOM trade.,
TRADE POLICY.,CARICOM.,TRADE BARRIERS.,ECONOMIC INTEGRATION.,TRADE LIBERALISATION.,REGIONAL CO-OPERATION.,FOREIGN TRADE REGULATIONS.,

This paper seeks to detail those trade control measures in place in member states, which affect intra-CARICOM trade, as of June, 1992. The report includes country reports on tariff measures, internal fiscal charges, licensing requirements, standards, import permits, quotas and prohibitions, salesmen licenses and fees, export licences and fees as they relate to goods destined for intra-regional trade. Includes summary tables on various trade regulations.,


Published - May, 1995
Report on the fiscal/revenue impact.,
CARICOM.,CET.,TARIFF POLICY.,

This report provides estimates of the losses of Government revenue which could follow the implementation in the OECS of proposed charges in the CARICOM's Common External Tariff. Also describes measures which might be used to offset the impact on revenue collections of those losses.,


Published - 1995
Report on the OECS seminar on the effects of CET.,
CARICOM.,CET.,TARIFF POLICY.,OECS.,MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY.,

Summarises the major points covered and recommendations made in reports submitted on the study conducted to analyse the impact of the Common External tariff on the economies of the Eastern Caribbean.,


Published - 1995

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