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Competitiveness of the manufacturing and agro-industrial sectors in the Caribbean with a focus on Dominica, Guyana, St. Vincent and the Grenadines and Trinidad and Tobago.,
MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS.,AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS.,CARIBBEAN.,DOMINICA.,GUYANA.,ST. VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES.,TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO.,


Published - 1999
The FTAA: some longer term issues.,
FREE TRADE AREA.,TRADE LIBERALIZATION.,LATIN AMERICA.,CARIBBEAN.,

Overview of the context for the emerging new regionalism and the FTAA. Provides a generic checklist of some of the potential benefits and costs that might be anticipated from an FTAA as well as another checklist of collective and national policy issues that could help to maximise the potential for favourable effects and minimise the costs. Looks at the particular aspects of the FTAA, which will be an important determining factor of the balance of costs and benefits: the way in which the FTAA articulates with existing regional arrangements in the hemisphere. Close with brief conclusions.,


Published - 1999
The Caribbean Community: facing the challenges of regional and global integration.,
CARICOM.,REGIONAL INTEGRATION.,TRADE LIBERALIZATION.,USA.,CANADA.,LATIN AMERICA.,EUROPE.,

Chapter I provides a general overview of the Caribbean Community, key features of its economies and the challenges facing the region on the eve of the new millenium. Chapter II offers an overview of the regional integration process, including progress on intra-regional trade liberalisation, the deepening and the widening of CARICOM. Chapter III examines the external challenges facing the region today, particularly as regards its trade relations with Europe, the United States, Canada and Latin America. Chapter IV examines key areas of the services sector, both in terms of enhancing the region's export potential and supporting the establishment of a functioning single market. Chapter V briefly examines the Community's institutional structure, outlining existing bottlenecks to the effective design, implementation and enforcement of common policies. Chapter VI provides an analytical justification for promoting integration and cooperation initiatives in the region, and suggests a number of actions that could be teken to enhance the development prospects of CARICOM. The study argues that despite the limited contribution of regional integration efforts to economic deveoopment in teh region so far, integration can play a beneficial role if pursued under the right framework and with the right instruments.,


Published - 1999
Government procurement and free trade in the Americas.,
FREE TRADE AREA.,PURCHASING.,GOVERNMENT.,INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION.,

Examines the importance of open procurements, internationally accepted public procurement principles and national procurement laws and internationally agreed principles. Also looks at public procurement methods, open tendering procedures and bid challenge procedures.,


Published - 1999
Technical cooperation needs for hemispheric trade negotiations,
TRADE NEGOTIATIONS,USA,COMMERCIAL POLICY FREE TRADE,


Published - 1999
International commercial sale of perishable goods: model contract and users' guide.,
CONTRACTS.,FOOD.,

Model contract developed for international sale of foodstuffs subject to rapid physical deterioration. Proposed conditions compatible with international trade conventions and usages, offering legal framework applicable to international deliveries of goods and international payments. Users' guide provides general presentation of the model contract and commentaries on individual contractual provisions. Annexes cover text of United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods. UNIDROIT principles of international commercial contracts, and ISO currency codes.,


Published - 1999
The North American market for fresh fruit and vegetables: import regulations and quality requirements.,
FRUIT.,VEGETABLES.,USA.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,USA.,CANADA.,

Provides brief descriptions of mandatory import regulationsand administrative agencies in the United States and Canada. Contains import regulations and quality requirements which can be used as guidelines in the preparation, handling and documentation of agricultural shipments to North America. Samples of the required forms are also provided.,


Published - 1999
How to evaluate trade credit requests: a guide for bankers and teh scorecard: a risk analysis tool.,
TRADE FINANCING.,EXPORT FINANCING.,EXPORT CREDIT.,

Guide to how to assess requests for trade credit from enterprises in developing countries and transition countries. Deals with basic lending facilities and practices involved in commercial transactions; practical aspects of assessing applications for trade credit by exporters and importers; outlines ways in which trade credit transactions can be structured and monitored before and after disbursement.,


Published - 1999
Innovating for success in the export of services: a handbook.,
SERVICES.,MANAGEMENT.,EXPORT MARKETING.,

Handbook on services innovation (identifying unmet needs and designing services for them) as a tool for enhancing export profitability. Approaches innovation as a competitive strategy; describes characteristics of services innovation and its relation with cultural variables. Outlines guidelines for establishing appropriate innovation; explains how to review quality assurance procedures and clarify customer priorities. Reviews implementation cycle; examines innovation links to export readiness and export success. Includes exercises.,


Published - 1999
Electronic commerce: an examination of the issues facing Commonwealth developing countries.,
ELECTRONIC COMMERCE.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,INFORMATICS.,

This paper examines the economic, developmental and legal issues facing developing countries of the Commonwealth in the field of electronic commerce.,


Published - 1999
Sources of information:Websites for exporters.,
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.,INTERNET.,INFORMATION SERVICES.,INFORMATICS.,

Includes over 120 sector specific sites covering areas. Such as telecommunications, agriculture, clothing and textiles and financial services. Guide also covers internet sites which provide contact details, statistica data, info on multilateral development agencies, business ews and gateway sites.,


Published - 1999
Export quality management: resource material for training activities.,
QUALITY MANAGEMENT.,CERTIFICATION.,

Discusses basic concepts of quality management, based on internationally accepted principles and practice, and examines their implication for the export function. Covers various aspects such as quality requirements, quality assurance, conformity assessment and certification, trade-related environmental issues. Provides resource material that can be used in designing training programmes on export quality management for SMEs.,


Published - 1999
Multilateral tariff liberalisation and the developing countries . Policy Brief No. 18.,

Published - 1999
Analysis of the market access and national treatment commitments made by CARICOM member states under the general agreement on trade in services (GATS) of the World Trade Organisation (WTO).,
CARICOM.,GATS.,WTO.,TRADE FACILITATION.,


Published - July, 1998
Trade Secrets: the export answer book for SMEs.,
SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED EXPORTING ENTERPRISES.,INDIA.,MARKET RESEARCH.,TRADE SHOW.,QUALITY STANDARDS.,PRICING.,PACKAGING.,LABELLING.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,

Handbook customized to suit the needs of small and medium-sized exporting enterprises in India and answering the most commonly asked questions on the export process - covers market research, cultural issues, marketing, market entry methods, agents and distributors, trade shows, regulations, quality standards, pricing, financing and getting paid, transportation, documentation, packaging and labelling, trade agreements; provides a comprehensive listing of current publications, periodicals, software programs and databases available in India.,


Published - 1998
Does membership in a regional preferential trade arrangement make a country more or less protectioniist?,
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,

Looks at the systematic relationship between a developing country's participation in a preferential regional trade agreement (RTA) and the restrictiveness of its trade. Also looks at intra-bloc shares and trade intensities of the principle of RTAs involving developing countries to see if any systematic trand could be detected in the period following the formation of the blocs.,


Published - 1998
Eco trade manual: environmental challenges for exporting to the European Union.,
ENVIRONMENT.,EUROPEAN UNION.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,

An analysis of the key environmental aspects and issues faced by potential exporters of selected products to the European Union. Provides information on environmental policies and regulations, market challenges, trade and technology and concludes with addresses of development co-operation organisations, environmental ministries of the EU member states and standardisation institutes.,


Published - February, 1998
Your show master: a guide for selection, preparation and participation in European trade fairs.,
TRADE FAIRS.,EUROPE.,


Published - 1998
"The World Trade Organization and implications for developing countries".,
USA.,WTO.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,


Published - 1998
Market report: dried foods, nuts and spices.,
FOOD.,NUTS.,SPICES.,IMPORT REGULATIONS.,CANADA.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,

Provides general information on the Canadian import market for dried food, nuts and spices. Looks at trade practices, distribution and import regulations. Annex includes sources of information and trade fairs.,


Published - 1998
Organizing buyers-sellers meetings: a tool for promoting trade among developing countries.,
TRADE PROMOTION.,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES.,SOUTH-SOUTH TRADE.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,

Manual presenting methodology for preparing and implementing buyers-sellers meetings within the framework of promoting South-South trade.,


Published - 1998
International market access information: horticulture sector.,
HORTICULTURAL PRODUCTS.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,

Provides information regarding rules and measures affecting international trade of agricultural products. Also looks at trade promotion services and facilities that can be used by the horticultural industry.,


Published - 1998
GATS 2000: opening merkets for service.,
WTO.,GATS.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION.,

Provides an overview of the GATS and examines consultation and dispute settlements. Also looks at various sectors covered by GATS namely, construction, communication, distribution, finance, tourism and travel related services and transport services. Also provides an overview on the WTO.,


Published - 1998
The informal sector, micro, small amd medium-sized enterprises and job creation in the caribbean.,
CARIBBEAN.,SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES.,


Published - 1998
The CFO as corporate leader: critical issues ahead.,
MANAGEMENT.,PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT.,


Published - 1998
Leadership and change.,
MANAGEMENT.,ENTERPRISE REGULATIONS.,


Published - 1998
Making and implementing major decisions.,
ENTERPRISE REGULATIONS.,MANAGEMENT.,


Published - 1998
Harvard business review on measuring corporate performance.,
MANAGEMENT.,ENTERPRISE REGULATIONS.,


Published - 1998
Importing into the United States: a guide for commercial importers.,
USA.,FOREIGN TRADE TECHNIQUES.,

This guide looks at the entry process, invoices, assessment of duty, marking requirements. Includes information on foreign trade zones.,


Published - 1998
é negotiations: the case of the Caribbean sugar industry".,
WTO.,SUGAR.,CARIBBEAN.,LIBERALIZATION.,ACP.,LOME.,


Published - 1998
"Making a better banana farmer: restructuring the West Indian banana industry".,
BANANA.,CARIBBEAN.,WTO.,


Published - 1998
"Trade, investment and regional cooperation: the Caribbean experience".,
REGIONAL COOPERATION.,ACS.,CARIBBEAN.,ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.,FREE TRADE AREA.,INVESTMENT.,


Published - 1998
The facilitation of free trade in CARIFORUM via the development of intra-CARIFORUM trade and economic co-operation arrangements.,
FREE TRADE AREA.,ECONOMIC INTEGRATION.,REGIONAL CO-OPERATION.,CARIFORUM.,

This report reviews the trade and investment regimes of CARIFORUM countries. It makes recommendations on the potential for trade and economic cooperation among CARIFORUM countries.,


Published - December, 1997
Packaging manual; an European manual for exporters in developingcountries.,
PACKAGING.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,EUROPEAN UNION.,CUT FLOWERS.,COFFEE.,TEA.,SPICES.,FRUIT.,VEGETABLES.,CHEMICALS.,LEATHER GOODS.,EQUIPMENT.,


Published - August1997
Trade liberalisation in the Caribbean: survey and impact study.,
TRADE AGREEMENTS.,CARIBBEAN.,TRADE BARRIERS.,TRADE LIBERALIZATION.,

Discusses the Caribbean's trade and investment environment with particular reference to the CARICOM countries. Also discusses the ACS, NAFTA, CARICOM - Venezuela Agreement, CARICOM - Columbia Agreement, the FTTA and the WTO/GATT and other GSP, CBI, LOME, and CARIBCAN preferential agreements. Articulates the roles and responsibilities of the Caribbean's private and public sectors to the trade liberalization process and new trading environment. Appendices include non-tariff barriers in the Caribbean, CARICOM's trade control measures, exchange rates and information on the Caribbean stock exchanges.,


Published - 1997
The financing of exports: a guide for developing and transition economies,
EXPORT FINANCING.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,

Reviews financial measures to promote exports. Deals with role of commercial banks and export credit agencies, private-sector credit insurance and finance targeted to informal sector (micro-credits). Explains Grameen Banking Approach (GBA). Experiments in providing micro-credits for exporters in selected developing counties are described.,


Published - 1997
Training needs and capacity analysis: a tool for strategy formulation - methodological guidelines.,
TRAINING.,MANAGEMENT.,

This document provides a set of guidelines for the analysis of priority training needs and assessment of human resource development (HRD) capacity in the area of export development and trade promotion. Describes the concept, planning and implementation of training needs and capacity analysis and shows how to use these results for the formulation of a national strategy for export-oriented HRD. Also presents methodology for enterprise-level training needs analysis.,


Published - 1997
Readings in international business negotiations.,
MARKETING MANAGEMENT.,CONTRACTS.,

Collection of articles addressing specific issues and techniques related to the negotiation of commercial contracts.,


Published - 1997
Business information for trade efficiency: how to prepare a strategic plan.,
MANAGEMENT.,

This document analyses the various tools and options available for the design and preparation of short and medium term development plans.,


Published - 1997
ISO 14000 and ISO 9000.,
STANDARDS.,QUALITY.,MANAGEMENT.,ENVIRONMENT.,

Provides information on how companies can implement a comprehensive system to meet the requirements of the ISO 14000 environmental management standard and the ISO 9000 quality management standard. Also contains information on health and safety regulations and other public and product safety and general liability requirements.,


Published - 1997
Disadvantaged countries, sectors and regions in the Caribbean Community.,
CARICOM.,REGIONAL COOPERATION.,ECONOMIC INTEGRATION.,CARIBBEAN.,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS.,ECONOMIC POLICY.,

This report discusses the concept of disadvantaged as it relates to Caribbean countries. Examines the issues related to its measurement, the implications of the theory of economic integration for dislocation of economies, sectors and regions, the various measures which have been used to ameliorate the negative effects of economic integration internationally and the measures used in CARICOM to achieve the same end.,


Published - 1997
Thesaurus of international trade terms.,
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,THESAURI.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,TRADE DEVELOPMENT.,TRADE PROMOTION.,SUPPLIES MANAGEMENT.,EXPORT MARKETING.,

Terms for the use of trade information services in developing countries for the bibliographical description of printed and electronic publications and other documentation on subjects related to international trade, with particular reference to trade development, trade promotion, export marketing, supplies management and related activities. Covers descriptors for products, countries and regions, trade functions and related subjects, as well as for reference materials. Lists terms alphabetically with classification numbers, french and spanisg equivalents, scope notes where necessary, and broader, narrower and related terms, as well as cross-references. Includes lists of terms in numerical order by type.,


Published - 1997
The SME and the export development company: a practical guide to forging long-term business relations in the export sector.,
FOREIGN TRADE ENTERPRISES.,SMALL AND MEDIUM SIZE ENTERPRISES.,SERVICES.,TRADE DEVELOPMENT.,

Study focusing on the partnership between export development companies (EDCs) and SMEs, and the role of EDCs in trade development. Introduces the EDC concept and the services they provide. Outlines sequence of actions required for setting up an EDC, explains functional details of how to initiate and maintain a successful partnership between EDCs and SMEs. Provides case studies to illustrate various approaches to the EDC issue, makes suggestions and provides guidelines for governments and policy makers c,onsidering the utility of EDCs.,


Published - 1997
The TRIPS Agreement and developing countries.,
TRADE AGREEMENTS.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,

This study assesses the economic implications of the TRIPS Agreement for developing countries, focusing on market-related costs and benefits, as well as direct costs stemming from the implementation of the Agreement. Looks at the main disciplines covered by the TRIPS Agreement and highlights the principle provisions of each, its main economic and legal implications, general issues arising from its implementation and the cost involved in implementing the specific discipline. Also explores the role that international organisations can play in assisting developing countries in their efforts to implement the TRIPS Agreement. Includes case studies.,


Published - 1997
Prospects and challenges for the Caribbean.,
CARIBBEAN.,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS.,NAFTA.,

This document looks at the recent trends in growth and policy reform in the Caribbean. Also examines the NAFTA and the Caribbean, foreign capital and aid, trade preference programes and Caribbean exports to the USA.,


Published - 1997
Customs regulations of the United States Of America 1997 ed.,
CUSTOMS.,FOREIGN TRADE REGULATIONS.,IMPORT REGULATIONS.,TRADE POLICY.,TRADE BARRIERS.,


Published - 1997
An analysis of trends in the development of services sectors in the context of tendencies in other economic sectors and policy issues relating there to the OECS and some selected CARICOM member states.,
CARICOM.,OECS.,TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO.,JAMAICA.,SURINAME.,BAHAMAS.,BARBADOS.,SERVICES.,

This study provides an overview of the OECS services sector. Gives a comparable analysis of trends in the services sector in Barbados, the Bahamas, Trinidad and Tobago, and Suriname.,


Published - December, 1996
Beyond Lomé IV: exploring options for future ACP-EU cooperation
TRADE AGREEMENTS, INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION, EUROPEAN UNION, AFRICA, CARIBBEAN

This report draws on the entire consultation and discussion process. It represents literally hundreds of opinions, views, and experiences expressed by ACP and European actors. These came from formal interviews, informal discussions, research papers, animated debate in small groups, and even electronic mail. In the interests of readability, these are not individually attributed, but are incorporated in the main text. The aim is to succinctly present the issues, to give some insight into the debates, and to identify proposals that have emerged.  In all of these discussions, several major themes could be heard, striking an echo in the minds of most listeners. These "themes" provided a framework for discussions at the June conference and a structure for this report.

 




Published - October 1996
Globalization: a new role for developing countries in the integrating world
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION, INTERNATIONAL TRADE

This study reviews past trends and recent developments in globalization through trade integration. Investigates both short-term cyclical and longer-term structural elements underlying the accelerated process of global trade integration observed during the past decade, focusing on the changing strategy of, and role for, low and middle income countries (LMICs). The study also discusses the overall prospects for the coming decade, and explores conditions and policy initiatives found among the set of successful and sustained integrators of LMICs.




Published - July 1996
Issues before the World Trade Organization Committee on trade and the environment: towards developing a CARICOM negotiating position.,
WTO.,CARICOM.,ENVIRONMENT.,TRADE POLICY.,

This paper gives a brief background on the Committee on Trade and the Environment (CTE) and its work programme. Provides a summary of the concerns of developing countries on the issues relating to trade and the environment. Includes insights into the discussions in the CTE of each issue and recommends a negotiating position for CARICOM.,


Published - 1996
Business applications on the internet.,
INFORMATION SYSTEMS.,INFORMATION SERVICES.,INFORMATION PROCESSING.,

This document discusses several issues relating to internet related business applications. Covers the global issues, the mechanics of establishing and operating an internet business, marketing on the internet, web page design and issues concerning the internet and electronic commerce.,


Published - 1996
Dried fruits and edible nuts: a survey of The Netherlands and other major markets in the European Union.,
FRUITS.,NUTS.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,EUROPE.,THE NETHERLANDS.,

Market study on the Dutch market for dried fruits and edible nuts. Gives an overview of the geography, demography, economy and infrastructure of The Netherlands. Also provides information on key trends in the domestic market and sources of imports from developing countries. The second section describes the structure of the domestic dried fruit trade, and distribution channels.,


Published - 1996
International joint ventures in developing countries: happy marriages?,
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,JOINT VENTURES.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,FOREIGN TRADE.,

This study concentrates on cross border joint ventures and examines why this type of joint venture has a high failure rate. Discusses the types of problems, which arise when negotiating joint venture agreements and implementing operations.,


Published - 1996
Spices and herbs: a survey of the Netherlands and other major markets in the European Union
SPICES, MARKETING RESEARCH, NETHERLANDS, EUROPE

This report gives information on the market for speices and herbs in the Netherlands and Europe. Looks at the market in the Netehrlands, the European community as well as the Dutch conection with the other nmarkets. Also discusses product characteristics, the market, trade structure, prices, market access, promotion and sources of information.




Published - 1996
Applying ISO 9000 quality management systems.,
QUALITY CONTROL.,STANDARDS.,SMALL SCALE INDUSTRY.,MANAGEMENT.,

Handbook dealing with basic concepts of quality control and quality management. Explains structure and concept of the ISO 9000 standards and discusses establishment, implementation, auditing and third-party certification of quality management systems in relation to small and medium-sized enterprises.,


Published - 1996
Caribbean importers: a directory of importers in the fifteen member countries of the Caribbean Forum (CARIFORUM).,
DIRECTORY.,CARIBBEAN.,ENTERPRISE PROFILES.,

Companies in this directory are listed alphabetically by name of company within each country. Also contains country profiles and subject index.,


Published - 1996
Assessing information needs: tools and techniques.,
INFORMATION SCIENCES.,INFORMATION SYSTEMS.,INFORMATION SERVICES.,

The guide is organised into six sections. The first section explains why information needs assessments are so important to the health of information services. The second section defines and explains the key concepts that are associated with the study of information need. Section three maps out the essential characteristics of need and advises as to how these needs can be nurtured. Section four examines the obstacles that stand in the way of people meeting their information needs. Section five reviews the data collection methods on offer for those wishing to conduct needs or user studies. The guide concludes with a consideration of the key managerial attributes of information needs assessments.,


Published - 1996
Dried fruits and edible nuts: a survey of the Netherlands and other major markets in the European Union.,
FRUIT.,PROCESSED FOOD.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,NETHERLANDS.,EUROPE.,

This report provides information on the market for dried and edible nuts in the Netherlands and other major European markets. Looks at product characteristics, trade structure, the market, prices, market access, promotion and sources of information. Also provides a list of names and addresses of importers and agents.,


Published - 1996
Business information for trade efficiency: standards and codes.,
STANDARDS.,

Examines the various codes used worldwide namely, product and services, industrial and economic activity, country, currency and language codes.,


Published - 1996
Jamaica country commercial profile.,
JAMAICA.,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS.,TRADE BARRIERS.,INVESTMENT REGULATIONS.,

This document provides an overview of the Jamaican economy covering specifically, economic trends, political environment, the market for US products and services, trade regulations, standards and investment climate. Also gives information on prospects for the agriculture and industrial sector.,


Published - 1996
The future of copyright in a digital environment.,
INTERNET.,INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.,INFORMATION SCIENCES.,

A collection of papers which cover a range of problems involved in copyright on the internet, including the scope of protected rights on the information superhighway, the application of exemptions and limitations. Examines the collective administration of rights, resolving conflicts of law in an environment where territoriality is obsolete, alternatives to copyright protection, and designing copyright for the future.,


Published - 1996
Building process excellence.,
MANAGEMENT.,

Analyses the importance of the building process and includes information on measuring and optmising economic value, how to find better ways of innovating new ideas. Also examines process management and concludes with case studies.,


Published - 1996
ISO 9000 Quality management systems: guidelines for enterprises in developing countries.,
QUALITY CONTROL.,STANDARDS.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,PACKAGING.,

Guide presenting methodology for implementing the elements of ISO 9000 quality management system, with particular reference to small and medium-sized enterprises in developing countries. Also provides guidance on preparing such enterprises for third-party certification processes.,


Published - 1996
The Caribbean and the outcome of the Uruguay Round in the context of NAFTA and FTAA.,
CARIBBEAN.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,TRADE LIBERALIZATION.,NAFTA.,WTO.,

This paper examines the eligibility criteria of NAFTA within the context of recent hemispheric and world trade developments. It then outlines some of the provisions of GATT and highlights it significance to CDCC member countries. In addition, it attempts to identify some of the differences/similarities between selected provisions of GATT and those of NAFTA and draws some conclusions taking into consideration, the prepation for the negotiations of the FTAA and the implementation of the Final Act of the Uruguay Round and the Marrakesh Agreement establishing the World Trade Organisation (WTO).,


Published - 1996
The emerging legislative and regulatory framework governing trade-related environmental issues: implications for CARICOM countries.,
CARICOM.,ENVIRONMENT.,

This paper seeks to analyse the emerging environmental regimes, the spill-over effects on various types of economies, and the resulting implications for the various economies of CARICOM. Looks at domestic regulations in developed countries, the trade effects of these reglations and responses to these effects by producers and exporters. Also discusses the trade effects of environmental issues administered by the World Trade Organization (WTO).,


Published - January, 1996
Trade control measures affecting intra-CARICOM trade.,
TRADE POLICY.,CARICOM.,TRADE BARRIERS.,ECONOMIC INTEGRATION.,TRADE LIBERALISATION.,REGIONAL CO-OPERATION.,FOREIGN TRADE REGULATIONS.,

This paper seeks to detail those trade control measures in place in member states, which affect intra-CARICOM trade, as of June, 1992. The report includes country reports on tariff measures, internal fiscal charges, licensing requirements, standards, import permits, quotas and prohibitions, salesmen licenses and fees, export licences and fees as they relate to goods destined for intra-regional trade. Includes summary tables on various trade regulations.,


Published - May, 1995
Report on the fiscal/revenue impact.,
CARICOM.,CET.,TARIFF POLICY.,

This report provides estimates of the losses of Government revenue which could follow the implementation in the OECS of proposed charges in the CARICOM's Common External Tariff. Also describes measures which might be used to offset the impact on revenue collections of those losses.,


Published - 1995
Report on the OECS seminar on the effects of CET.,
CARICOM.,CET.,TARIFF POLICY.,OECS.,MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY.,

Summarises the major points covered and recommendations made in reports submitted on the study conducted to analyse the impact of the Common External tariff on the economies of the Eastern Caribbean.,


Published - 1995
The impact of the CARICOM CET reduction on OECS manufacturing and agro processing.,
CARICOM.,TARIFF POLICY.,MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY.,

This study reviews and analyses the protective arrangements for industries in the manufacturing and agro-processing sectors in the OECS. Also assesses the impact of a reduction in the rates of the Common External Tariff on the efficiency of producers in these industries. The study reviews the impact of various protective arrangements, such as tariffs, export incentives, price control and corporate income tax. Examines the constraints,on firm competitiveness and evaluates some policy conclusions as they relate to Article 56 protection.,


Published - 1995
Eastern Caribbean tourism competitiveness - impact of the Common External Tariff reduction.,
OECS.,TOURISM.,TARIFF POLICY.,ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.,

This study sets out to examine the factors influencing the competitiveness of the OECS hotel and tourism sector and the extent to which costs was a determining factor in the sectors competitiveness. Also examines the extent to which the Common External Tariff would affect the OECS tourism competitiveness by affecting the costs of operations in the hotel sector.,


Published - 1995
The regulation of international trade.,
GATT.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,WTO.,NAFTA.,EUROPEAN UNION.,CANADA.,USA.,INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,

This book is an introduction to the rules and regulations which govern international trade. Examines the theory and functioning of international trade regimes including those of GATT/WTO, The Canada-US FTA and NAFTA, as well as some aspects of the European Union (EU). Attention is also given to the rise of protectionism through the use of internal trade remedy law, including a detailed comparative analysis of the application of trade remedies to dumping and subsidies in Canada, the USA and the EU, as well as settlement of disputes in international trade. Contains individual chapters on trade in agricultural products, trade and development and international labour mobility. Also contains detailed discussion of 'new era' trade issues such as trade and investment, intellectual property rights and trade and environment.,


Published - 1995
Getting started in export: a training manual for SMEs.,
EXPORT MARKETING.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,COSTING AND PRICING.,

Manual on export marketing aimed at small and medium-sized enterprises in developing countries. Covers different aspects of export marketing techniques; also considers the results of the Uruguay Round and their implications for developing countries and economies in transition. Includes exercises and glossary of related terms.,


Published - 1995
Latin America and the Caribbean: policies to improve linkages with the global economy.,
INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION.,LATIN AMERICA.,CARIBBEAN.,ECONOMIC INTEGRATION.,TRADE POLICY.,

Looks at the trends in the international economy and discusses three interrelated types of policies, namely trade policy, micro and meso-economic policy in support of production systems, and macroeconomic policy with specific emphasis on financial flows.,


Published - 1995
Financing means and sources: a guide to financing export projects.,
FINANCING.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,EXPORT FINANCING.,

This manual focuses on means and sources of export project financing and their implications for developing countries as well as ways of determining a project's optimal capital structure and ensuring its liquidity.,


Published - 1995
Commonwealth guide to trading with NAFTA countries.,
NAFTA.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,TARIFF BARRIERS.,MEXICO.,USA.,CANADA.,

This guide gives an overview of the economic and business background of NAFTA and provides essential information to exporters about this new environment. Contains detailed product and market information on fifteen important product groups. The guide comprises three sections. Section one provides an introduction to NAFTA explaining the removal of barriers and the creation of the North America Free Trade Area, implications for Commonwealth exporters and information on individual NAFTA country trading rules with Commonwealth countries. Section 2 provides an analysis of NAFTA requirements and marketing issues for 15 product groups of interest to Commonwealth exporters. Section 3 of the guide provides useful contacts, references and resources in NAFTA countries for the exporter.,


Published - 1995
Glossary of import management terms.,
GLOSSARIES.,IMPORT MANAGEMENT.,PURCHASING.,TRANSPORT.,CONTRACT.,INSURANCE.,SUPPLY MANAGEMENT.,

Terms current in import management activities and allied fields, including purchasing, transport, contract clauses andlegal aspects, insurance and supply management and related techniques. Gives alphabetical list of terms, terms in alphabetical order with short notes on meaning and customary use, and cross-references; annex gives French and Spanish equivalents to English terms listed.,


Published - 1995
Manufacturing sector implementation review: assessment of the level of regional sectoral competitiveness. Final report.,
MANUFACTURING PRODUCTS.,FURNITURE.,WOODEN PRODUCTS.,PROCESSED FOODS.,CLOTHING.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,INDUSTRY.,


Published - 1995
Caribbean integration: the OECS experience revisited.,
CARIBBEAN.,OECS.,ECONOMIC INTEGRATION.,REGIONAL CO-OPERATION.,

This book represents an effort to capture the formal presentations made at a two-day symposium on "Caribbean Integration the experience of the OECS and prospects". Looks at the imperatives of integration, the political administration structure which analysed the 1958-1962 federal experiment and social partners and integration. Also looks at economic, trade and international relational aspects and the political-administrative structure.,


Published - 1995
Strategic marketing in the Caribbean.,
CARIBBEAN.,MARKETING.,LATIN AMERICA.,USA.,CANADA.,MEXICO.,

This publication is divided into two parts. Part I looks at market strategies and focuses on market research, marketing and pricing, advertising and sales promotion, manufacturing, financing, joint ventures and information and assistance resources. Also contains information on how to master volatile markets and looks at some common characteristics of the Caribbean market. Part II gives an overview of some Caribbean markets, namely Puerto Rico, USVI, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, Cayman Islands and Cuba.,


Published - 1995
Foreign, direct investment in the Caribbean,
CARIBBEAN.,OECS.,FOREIGN INVESTMENT.,

This study identifies the sources of information on Foreign Direct Investment in the Caribbean and provides an overview of the quantum of Foreign Direct Investment and the means used to measure it in Guyana, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago and eight member countries of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS). The paper concludes with suggestions to improve data availability and collection and provides a list of references to facilitate research on this topic.,


Published - 1995
Trade and economic development in small open economies: the case of the Caribbean countries.,
BARBADOS.,TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO.,JAMAICA.,CARICOM.,CARIBBEAN.,ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.,SMALL SCALE INDUSTRY.,

This document provides a detailed description of the export performance of Jamaica, Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago for the period 1970-1988. Analyzes the anti export bias by looking at the real effective exchange rates, and discusses the regional dimension of trade and development policy in CARICOM. Looks at two alternative propositions about the role of exports in Caribbean type economies, namely individual country analysis and empirical research and gives some suggestions on future areas of research that need to be pursued to further improve understanding of export performance.,


Published - 1995
Article 56 of the common market annex to the CARICOM Treaty. Manual and directory.,
OECS.,CARICOM.,TARIFF POLICY.,TRADE POLICY.,

This document is intended to serve as a guide to OECS member states in the administration of protection arrangements under Article 56 of the common market annex to the CARICOM Treaty. Document contains a list of OECS member states and enterprises which produce items granted Article 56 status.,


Published - 1994
Report on study of economic convergence in the CARICOM countries.,
CARIBBEAN.,MONETARY POLICY.,ECONOMIC POLICY.,CARICOM.,

This report seeks to contribute to the understanding of the key role of convergence in Caribbean monetary union. Several recommendations are presented which may guide future action. The report is divided into four sections which deal with theoretical issues surrounding economic covergence and empirical evidence on economic convergence. It also gives suggestions for the way towards a unified monetary system in the Caribbean.,


Published - 1994
Agreement among the governments of the member states of the Caribbean Community for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income, profits or gains and capital gains and for the encouragement of regi
CARICOM.,INVESTMENT.,TRADE POLICY.,REGIONAL CO-OPERATION.,

Text of the double taxation agreement between the Government of the CARICOM Member States.,


Published - 1994
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA): implications for Australia.,
TRADE OPPORTUNITIES.,TRADE POLICY.,AUSTRALIA.,NAFTA.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,AGRICULTURE.,MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY.,

This paper analyses the implications of NAFTA for Australia's trade interests in North America. It also seeks to identify the possible effects of future trade opportunities in North America, as well as Australia's exports to third country markets.,


Published - 1994
Agreement on trade, economic and technical co-operation between the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the government of the Republic of Colombia.,
ECONOMIC POLICY.,ECONOMIC INTEGRATION.,REGIONAL CO-OPERATION.,TRADE POLICY.,TRADE LIBERALISATION.,CARICOM.,COLOMBIA.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,

Copy of agreement between CARICOM and Colombia on trade economic and technical co-operation. Lists the primary objectives as the strengthening of trade through the promotion and expansion of the sale of goods in both territories, promotion of investment aimed at taking advantage of opportunities offered by the markets of the parties, the facilitation of creation of operation of joint ventures, and the development of technical and scientific co-operation activities agreed upon. The promotion of private sector activities including business exchanges between the parties is also mentioned.,


Published - 1994
Total quality management: a how-to program for the high-performance business.,
QUALITY MANAGEMENT.,STANDARDS.,MANAGEMENT.,QUALITY CONTROL.,


Published - 1994
The relations between the United States and Latin America and the Caribbean: perspectives for hemispheric co-operation.,
INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,TRADE LIBERALISATION.,USA.,LATIN AMERICA.,CARICOM.,

The document presents ideas on how to support Member States in preparation for the summit for the Americas which offers opportunities to discuss access by Latin American and Caribbean exporters to the US markets. Also discusses the future of Latin American and Caribbean integration within the framework of hemispheric trade liberalisation. Mentions the Initiative for Americas (IFA) as the most immediate reference to the co-operation represented by the summit. It also offers a brief assessment of trade and investment relations between Latin America and the Caribbean and the US. Sets forth some proposals on the objectives of the summit which aims to fostering discussions with the Latin American council.,


Published - 1994
The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS): importance and opportunities for the Latin American region.,
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS.,ECONOMIC INTEGRATION.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,GATT.,REGIONAL CO-OPERATION.,SERVICES INDUSTRY.,

The aim of this document is to analyse the Caribbean provisions of the GATS text from a Latin American and Caribbean perspective. Discusses the current Uruguay Round of GATT talks and put into perspective the previous round of talks. Defines GATS, its scope and definition, general obligations, specific commitments and discusses article V of GATS which deals with economic integration within the region.,


Published - 1994
CARICOM and Venezuela: trade and investment.,
MARKETING RESERACH.,ECONOMIC INTREGRATION.,REGIONAL CO-OPERATION.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES.,CARICOM.,VENEZUELA.,

Main purpose of study is to investigate the scope and obstacles to increasing trade and investment flows between Venezuela and CARICOM as a result of steps being taken to liberalize trade and investment and specifically stemming from the CARICOM/Venezuela Trade and Investment Agreement signed in October, 1992.,


Published - 1994
CARICOM Single Market and Economy - instrument of regional economic integration.,
CARICOM.,ECONOMIC INTEGRATION.,CARIBBEAN.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,REGIONAL CO-OPERATION.,TRADE POLICY.,

The paper addresses the issues which influenced the move towards a CARICOM single market and economy. Discusses the concept and focus of the single market along with the need for CARICOM countries to increase the production of competitive goods and services. Analyses the expansion of trade agreements to Latin American countries. Highlights the major components in the development of a regional production framework and the procedures required to ensure implementation.,


Published - 1994
Exporting to the European Community under the Lome IV Convention. The trading co-operation arrangements including the Rules of Origin explained.,
EUROPE.,CARIBBEAN.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,RULES OF ORIGIN.,INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION.,IMPORT REGULATIONS.,

This publication attempts to provide the business community, customs officials and persons concerned with the operation of the Lome IV Convention, with an explanation of its trade co-operation arrangements. Also includes the origin rules provision under which the eligibility of ACP products for preferential entry into the European Community, is determined.,


Published - August, 1993
North American Free Trade Agreement between the Government of the United States of America, the Government of Canada and the Government of the United Mexican States. Vol II.,
USA.,CANADA.,MEXICO.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,TRADE POLICY.,


Published - 1993
Towards a Common trade policy for the CARICOM Single Market and Economy.,
CARICOM.,TRADE POLICY.,TARIFF POLICY.,RULES OF ORIGIN.,REGIONAL CO-OPERATION.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,

This study undertakes to provide an elaboration of the likely scope of a common external trade policy which is being adopted by the member countries of the single market, and the requirements for the implementation of such as common policy. The study reviews the objectives of the CARICOM single market and continues with an analysis of the internal market situation, the implications for harmonised trade relations with third countries and the requirements for the successful implementation of a common external trade policy. Also includes a summary of progress towards a common external trade policy.,


Published - 1993
Study on possibilities for establishing closer transportation links between Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela and the Caribbean Community. Progress report.,
TRANSPORT.,INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION.,REGIONAL CO-OPERATION.,MEXICO.,VENEZUELA.,COLOMBIA.,CARICOM.,

This report focusses on the work done on the study of transport links between CARICOM, Venezuela and Colombia effective November 1993. The report covers transport strategies to be evaluated as well as a proposal for completion of the study.,


Published - 1993
Trade policy issues: assessing the effects of the Uruguay Round.,
TRADE AGREEMENTS.,TRADE NEGOTIATIONS.,GATT.,

This paper aims at providing an overall quantitative and qualitative assessment of the Uruguay Round of Gatt talks. It reviews the general case for removal of trade interventions as well as provides quantitative estimates of potential net welfare gains associated with the conclusion of the Round. Also looks at the wider implications of the Round.,


Published - 1993
Common External Tariff of the Caribbean Common Market: based on the Harmonised Commodity Description and Coding System (H.S.).,
COMMON EXTERNAL TARIFF.,TARIFFS.,CARICOM.,

Includes the general rules for the interpretation of the Harmonised System; the schedule of rates, the list of conditional duty exemptions; the list of items ineligible for duty exemption; and lists A to D in which are set down these items on which the national customs tariff of Member States will carry rates of duty which are different from those in the schedule fo rates.,


Published - 1993
The case against free trade: Gatt, NAFTA and the globalization of corporate power.,
TRADE BARRIERS.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,TRADE LIBERALISATION.,TRADE POLICY.,USA.,CANADA.,MEXICO.,NAFTA.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,GATT.,

This monograph provides various critiques of NAFTA, in the context of political and socio-economic degradation of third-world economies. The various contributors touch on areas such as the decline of democracy with free trade, the dangers of NAFTA, bio-diversity and intellectual property rights and the implications for sustainable agriculture in developing countries.,


Published - 1993
The North American Free Trade Agreement: labor, industry and Government perspectives.,
USA.,MEXICO.,CANADA.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,LABOUR.,INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT.,NAFTA.,

This book presents and discusses NAFTA from the point of view of labour, industry and government. The first part of this book makes an economic comparison of the three main countries, Canada, Mexico and the USA, and gives reasons why they support NAFTA and the main problems with the agreement. The second part presents several of the papers and recorded remarks made at the Minneapolis Convention Centre, which brought together representatives fr,om the labour, industry and government sector from all three governments with regards to NAFTA.,


Published - 1993
ISO 9000 international standards for quality management.,
INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,STANDARDS.,QUALITY CONTROL.,

This collection of documents on international quality stanbdards and quality management is primarily intended for application through normal buyer-seller relationships. Contains a variety of articles notably vision 2000 - A strategy for international standards implementation in the quality arena during the 1990's. It also includes quality management and quality assurance standards, quality systems - model for quality assurance in design, development, production installation and servicing.,


Published - 1993

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