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Harmonised Tariff Schedule of The United States Annotated
TARIFFS, USA, TRADE BARRIERS, CUSTOMS DUTIES

US International Trade Commission, January 2010. This publication provides the applicable tariff rates and statistical categories for all merchandise imported into the US. The harmonised tariff schedule is based on the international Harmonised System, the global system of nomenclature used to describe most world trade in goods. The statistical annotations enable interested persons to determine the classification of and the tariff rates applicable to imported goods with great depth and detail as well as the requirements for reporting statistical data on imports. To view this publication, please visit http://www.usitc.gov/tata/hts/index.htm.




Published - January 2010
Caribbean Scoping Study Final Report
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, TRADE OPPORTUNITIES, JAMAICA, GRENADA, BELIZE, COCOA, NUTMEG, MUSIC, COTTON, HONEY, TOILET PREPARATIONS, COSMETICS

The study focus on the products identifies throughlight Years IP's Screening and scoping methodology. The November 2008 Interim Report identified Grenadian nutmeg, Caribbean sugar, Caribbean Sugar, Caribbean pepper sause and condiments, Jamaican cigars, Jamaican natural beauty products, Jamaican natural beauty products, Jamaican ginger and derivative product, Jamaican logwood honey, merchandising from Reggae, marine bio assets and West Indian Sea Island cotton . This study also includes a summary of a special report on a group of products identified as beat bet, with inital comments on the likeihood of IP value Capture opportunities amongst these products/sectors.




Published - July 29, 2009
Caribbbean: accellerating trade integration-Policy options for sustained growth, job creation, and poverty reduction,
CARIBBEAN,CARICOM,TRADE POLICY,TRADE DEVELOPMENT,ECONOMIC INTEGRATION,

The report provide policy priorities to accelerating caribbean ingration into the world economy and to reap the benefits of global competition. Each part of the report focuses on a key question and adds value by providing an in depth analysis of the issues raised and laying the foundations for policy recommendations described in the last chapter of the report: Part 1 (Overview of economic and trade system context): is Caribbean's economic and trade system sound enough to sustain the new era of its global trade relations which is being shaped? Part 11(New opportunities and Challenges): what are the opportunities and challenges that the new trade environment offers to the Caribbean? Part 111 (Macroeconomic Framework): what are the gains in terms of growth and proverty reduction of the recently negotiated EPA?,


Published - April 2009
Free Trade, Fair Trade, And Gender Inequality In Less Developed Countries.,
FREE TRADE,FAIR TRADE,GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT,TRADE LIBERALIZATION,GENDER INEQUALITY,GENDER AND TRADE,

Fair trade is often viewed as an alternative to free trade that reduces global inequality and poverty. This paper examines whether fair trade is truly an alternative to the free market and as a consequence whether it can effectively advance gender equality and alleviate the poverty of women in less developed countries (LDCs). After a review of neoclassical economics and trade liberalisation policies, the paper examines how fair trade seeks to correct market imperfections, thereby making the free market more efficient in distributing wealth. The ability of fair trade to address the central issues related to trade liberalisation and women in LDCs is discussed, and the gendered structures of fair trade are identified. Whether fair trade can provide gender equality within global capitalist structures is a theoretical matter that requires further empirical inquiry. To access this publication, please refer to http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/122276379/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0.,


Published - 30 March 2009.
Promotion of export diversification- the role of Caribbean Export development Agency (Caribbean Export),
EXPORT DIVERSIFICATION,TRADE POLICY,EXPORT PROMOTION,


Published - February 2009
The Quality of International Insertion and Competitiveness in the Greater Caribbean Applying ECLAC Instruments in Assessing Competitiveness,
TRADE LIBERALISATION,FOREIGN TRADE,INTERNATIONAL TRADE,

This document consists of five parts.The first examines the dynamices of work trade, and it constitutes the backdrop against which the analysis is done. The second part explains the indicators used by competive analysis of nation and module to analyse the growth of international commerce and their interpretation. It seeks to stress the differences and similarities between both programmes. It also makes refernce to the recently prepared Caribbean trade database. the third part completes this scenario by suggesting additional indicators to complement the current ones. The fourth part applies the concepts of competive analysis of Nations and Module to analyse the growth of International Commerce to Association of Caribbean States member states in relation to their main trading partners. The final part deals generally with the subject of competitiveness in the services sector, which for some countries such as those of the Caribbean, is vitally imporatant. An indicator is also suggested for evaluating the performance of the services sector. The tourism sector is used as an example.,


Published - 23 October 2008
Increasing EU- Caribbean Trade: Opportunties, Challenges and the role of Caribbean Export Development Agency
FOREIGN TRADE, CARIBBEAN, TRADE OPPORTUNITES


Published - September 2008
Availibility of accessing funding for film production anad the role of Caribbean Export identifying export opportunities,
FILM,CULTURAL INDUSTRIES,CARRIBBEAN TRADE FINANCING,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,


Published - July 2008
Women and men in the Caribbean Community: Facts and Figures 1998 - 2005
WOMEN, MEN, CARIBBEAN, CARICOM, STATISTICAL DATA,

In this report, the population figures for the inter-censal years are mid-year or end of year population estimates as well as population projections, some of which are derived by the United Nations. Because of the underlying differences in the population values, there will be minimal efforts relative to comparing the data of the 2000 Census Round with the population estimates and projections.




Published - May 2010
Promoting CARIFORUM services exports: High Potential,but many challenges,
SERVICES,CARIFORUM,FOREIGN TRADE,ICT,HEALTH AND WELLNESS,EDUCATION,BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT SERVICES,CONSTRUCTION,

Entertainment Production Services,


Published - February 2008
Seventh Report to Congress on the Operation of the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act,
CBERA,USA,CARIBBEAN,

This report, coming more than five years after the passage of the Trade Act of 2002 and one year after the passage of the HOPE Act, Provides an important opportunity to evaluate the effects of these expansions of CBI trade preferences. Its is clear that the new preference provisions are being actively used by beneficiary countries and U.S. industries. The Administration will continue to work with Congress, the private sector, CBI Beneficiary countries, and other interested parties to ensure a faithful and effective implementation of this important expansion of trade benefits.,


Published - 31 December 2007
CARICOM'S Trade in Services Volume 2 2000-2005,
CARICOM,FOREIGN TRADE,STATISTICS,SERVICES,INTERNATIONAL TRADE,


Published - December 2007
Spotlight Caribbean - Benchmarketing FDI Competitiveness in Caribbean Countries,
FOREIGN INVESTMENT,BELIZE,DOMINICAN REPUBLIC,JAMAICA,ST. LUCIA,EXPORT SERVICES,TOURISM,FOOD PROCESSING,

This report uses the location benchmarking approach commonly used by foreign investors and professional location advisers to evaluate alternative global investment sites. Location benchmarking enables investing firms to narrow their site selection options to short lists of locations best suited to their investment projects. Investment promotion intermediaries also increasingly use benchmarking to better understand their locations' competitiveness for foreign direct investment (FDI) and to develop marketing messages. The Caribbean Enterprise Benchmarking Program was conducted to help investment promotion intermediaries in Belize, the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, and St. Lucia understand their locations' comparative advantages for attractive investment in three sectors: export services, food processing, and tourism operations. The countries were evaluated in each industry based on the costs and operating conditions experiences by existing investors with facilities in these countries.,


Published - June 2007
National Strategic Development Plan Grenada
GRENADA, EXPORT DEVELOPMENT, EXPORT STRATEGY, TRADE DEVELOPMENT

The National Strategic Development Plan addresses a comprehensive range of issues, goals, strategies, objectives and actions that are strategic in charting the course towards the social and economic advancement of Grenada, Carriacou and Petit Martinique. Moreover, it is based on a shared vision and an enduring value system. The Government is committed to working with all stakeholders in implementing the Plan as we work towards achieving our national vision.




Published - May 2007
A review of the Caribbean Health and wellness Industry
HEALTH AND SOCIAL SERVICES, CARIBBEAN

This report reviews the potential of the health and wellness sector and makes recommendations as to how the Caribbean might become a global player in industry.




Published - May 2007
Development at crossroad: the Economic Partnership Agreement negotiations with Eastern and Southern African countries on trade in services
SERVICES, ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT, AFRICA, TRADE AGREEMENT, GATS, GATT, MARKET ACCESS, REGIONAL INTEGRATION, TARIFFFS, LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES

This paper examines the dynamics of services trade in Regional trade Agreements (RTAs) within the context of the EU-ACP EPA negotiations currently under way, assessing what is at stake for the Eastern and Southern African (ESA) Group of countries involved in this negotiation. The paper makes the argument that while the EPAs have as a stated aim to development of ACP countries, the potential outcome will not be development oriented. The paper analyses multilateral rules and negotiations on trade in services as contained in the World Trade Organisation's (WTO) General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), and its interface with the ESA-EPA negotiations. It analyses the RTA Perspective, assessing the state of play in EU-ACP EPA negotiations and exploring thedevelopment impact on ESA countries. Affirming the notion that the process will serve to enhance EU development rather than that of ESA countries, the paper makes the case that the real priorities for ESA countries, the paper makes the case that the real prorities for ESA countries lie in the development of overall and sector specific national policies on services, the development of capacity for the supply of services mainly at the domestic level, so as to meet universal access to basic services obligations, and the development of effective regulatory capacity in servicesso as to ensure a balance between commercial interests and other national development oriented.




Published - May 2007
The Furniture Manufacturing Industry of Barbados (2): Marketing Strategy of Barbadian Vernacular Furniture. Final Report,
FURNITURE,MARKETING,BARBADOS,

This study provides hints for the marketing of "Barbadian Vernacular" furniture both on the domestic and the international market.,


Published - Feb 2007
Global Excellence- Barbadian Traditions- The National Strategic Plan of Barbados 2006-2025,
BARBADOS,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,MANAGEMENT,

This plan provide the bluprint for the realisation of barbados vision of becoming a fully developed society that is prosperous, socially just and globally competitive by the end of the first quarter of this century.,


Published - February 2007
Alternative (to) EPAS: Possible scenarios for the future ACP trade relations with the EU
EPA, TRADE AGREEMENT, ACP, EU, WTO

The purpose of this study is to provide and overview and assessment of possible alternative to EPAs in order to clarify the choice of alternative options that ACP countries have, to inform the policy debate and help increase the understanding of the different participants in the negotiation. It is important as well to specify what this study is not about. It does not intend to assess the merits of EPAs. Nor does it attempt to assess whether alternatives are preferable to EPAs or to rank alternative scenarios according to their desirability or likelihood. These are tasks left to the interested stakeholders stakeholders in ACP- EU relations.




Published - February 2006
Food Quality and Safety Standard: A Practitioners' Reference Book,
FOOD PRODUCTS,FOOD STANDARDS,QUALITY MANAGEMENT,QUALITY STANDARDS,

The reference book gives an overview of legislative and private industry market requirement in the European Union for selection product groups such as fresh and processed fruit and vegetables herd and spices as well as dried fruit and nuts. by creating an understanding of basic concepts and instruments in the food sector, it complements crop-specific search tool on import requirement (e.g. Export- heldesk of the EU). Furthermore, the booklet aims at creating awareness and establishing a platform for policy-markers, the business community, relevant contral, reseach and training institutions in development and transtion contries in general with a view of the urgent need to set- up appropriate framework conditions and structures and develop the necessary human capacities for food quality assurance health protection.,


Published - January 2007
Summary of 2006 Private Secor Survey final Report,
CARICOM,SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES,

This report is divided into three sections. Section 1 provides an introduction and background to the survey objectives, project methodology and activities. Section 2 presents details of the Survey Analysis; providing information compiled on the participants, their perspectives on current and future markets of tradeing interests, perceptions of competitiveness and sensitive sectors and an evaluation of current private sector outreach and recommendations for improvement.This report presents an inventory of these real or perceived barriers, cataloguesd in relation to the nature of the challenge as well as the specifiv importing markets where these challenges have been identified. The report comcludes with Section 3 which provides conclusions and recommendations for future action based on the survey.,


Published - December 2006
Strategic plan for the promotion of professional services export in Barbados- Engineering and construction related services,
PROFESSIONAL SERVICES,BARBADOS,PLANNING,MANAGEMENT,ENGINEERING SERVICES,CONSTRUCTION RELATED SERVICES,


Published - Dec 2006
Strategic plan for the promotion of professional services exports in Barbados- Business Development Services,
PROFESSINAL SERVICES,MANAGEMENT,PLANNING BARBADOS,BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT SERVICES,


Published - December 2006
Strategic plan the promotion of professional services exports in barbados- Education services,
PROFESSIONAL SERVICES,BARBADOS,PLANNING MANAGEMENT,EDUCATION SERVICES,EXPORT PROMOTION,


Published - December 2006
Strategic plan for the promotion of professional services exports in Barbados- industry production servics for the entertainment.,
PROFESSIONAL SERVICES,BARBADOS,PLANNING,MANAGEMENT,ENTERTAINMENT SERVICES,EXPORT PROMOTION,


Published - December 2006
The cultural industries in CARICOM trade and development challenges: Draft
CULTURAL INDUSTRIES, CARIBBEAN, CARICOM

The study assess as the economic contribution of the cultural/creative industries in CARICOM and indentify the factors constraining the global competitiveness of the sector, and to analyze the trade and investment issues with a view to formulating a strategic action plan for development of the sector. To this end, the study emphasizes the importance of innovation policy, industrial upgrading and export expansion, as a basis for increased competitiveness. In particular, the study identifies the emerging opportunities and challenges along with the respective strength and weaknesses of the selected sub-sectors, as a means of identifying the strategic areas for innovation and organizational restructuring. This provides a basis upon which governments, regional, organizations, non-governmental development agencies industry associations, cultural entrepreneurs and artist can formulate policy recommendations.




Published - November 2006
Emerging Giants: Building World-Class Companies in Development Countries
TRADE LIBERALISATION, DEVELOPMENT COUNTRIES, BUSINESS PRACTICES

We theorize about, and provide data and analyses on, the challenges faced by Emerging Giants. We mean this term to encompass companies that have their origins in developing countries but have developed business models that allow them to compete with worldclass companies originating worldwide. The paper draws on our existing formal academic work and on our interactions with executives worldwide over the past several years, performs some new empirical analyses on the journey taken by emerging giants, and illustrates general principles through case studies from countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America and Eastern Europe. Finally, the paper is written primarily for a practitioner audience, though it refers to our background scholarly work.




Published - October 2004
Gender Issues in trade policy- making
TRADE POLICY, WOMEN, GENDER, MEN, TRADE LIBERALISATION, LATIN AMERICA, CARIBBEAN

This paper examines the issues that can be taken into account in incorporating a gender perspective into trade policy. Looks at the different characteristics a hributed to men and to woman that may effect therir respective role in trade and reactions to changes in trade policy. Also examines the mean bywhich gender issues have been incorporated into trade policy in the Americes.  For additional information visit http://www.sice.oas.org/Genderandtrade/GenderIssuesinTP_e.asp.




Published - May 2006
Trade in professional services- effective participation by the Commonwealth Secretariat
PROFESSIONAL SERVICES, FOREIGN TRADE

Power Point Presentation which addressed trade in professional services namely:

  • The WTO and the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)
  • What are Professional Services?
  • How are Professional Services Traded
  • The Main Challenges
  • How to address them.
  • Professional Services Promotion Projects - the Trade Section Experience
  • Global trend



Published - May 2006
Export competitiveness in the context of trade negotiations (rev)
EXPORT MARKETING, TRADE NEGOTIATIONS

Export competitiveness in the context of trade negotiations presentation at the regional workshop on export competitiveness strategies,  Amaryllis Hotel, Barbados, May 23-25, 2006.




Published - May 2006
ICTS and the networked economy-some approaches from the Caribbean,
CARIBBEAN,INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES,INFORMATICES,

This publication is an outcome of the workshop on "ICTS and the networked Economy-Training for the new Economy," organised by the Centre for International Services,UWI, Barbados and Commonwealth Secretate held in Antigua and Berbuda on March 6-17, 2006. Reflect the experiences of both the private and private sectors in a Pan Caribbean setting, in addition to the country experiences of Haiti and Suriname. Identifies special studies in Technology options, the diospora, measurement and finacial services amony others.,


Published - April 2006
Successful Services Exporting: Programme Implementations guide for Trade Support Institutions,
ITC,SERVICES,


Published - January 2006
Final report: hot pepper project phase 1 - market research on the viability and export potential of the regional hot pepper Industry
MARKET RESEARCH, PEPPER, CARICOM, USA, CANADA, UNITED KINGDOM, COSTA RICA, MEXICO

This report is an assessment of the competitiveness of CARICOM's hot pepper export markets in the USA, Canada and the UK in relation to competition from Costa Rica and Mexico.  A description is provided of the marketing system for fresh and processed hot pepper in the main producing CARICOM countries. Commercially viable strains of hot pepper were confirmed, based on previous research and countries with a comparative advantage for pepper production identified.  An analysis was conducted of the market demand, competition and potential for hot peppers and hot pepper products by market segments and by selected geographic areas.




Published - May 2004
Export capabilities of the services sector in Trinidad and Tobago- a statistical assessment.,
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO,SERVICES,EXPORT POTENTIAL STATISTICAL DATA,

The survey provides a clearer understanding of the services sector in Trindad and Tobago as well as data on the scope of the country's external participation in services trade both within CARICOM and in the wider global market.,


Published - April 2004
ICT for development: contributing to the millennium development goals: lessons learned from Seventeen infoDev Projects
USA, ICT

This paper provides descriptions of selected Info Dev ICT for development projects and thier impact on poverty. Presents case studies of a cross secton of projects funded by the Info. Dev Care Program, followed by an indepth analysis of the impact and limits of those projects. Also includes experiences gathered by other programs involved in ICT-for-development.  This paper also makes an attempt to include the experience gathered by other programs involved in ICT-for-development. And it makes a specific effort to link the ICT projects to the Millennium Development Goals. It is infoDev’s hope that by sharing such practical experience in an open and candid fashion, it can stimulate the use of ICT as a tool to reach the MDGs in a timely, cost-effective, and imaginative fashion.




Published - November 2003
Market Study on the United Kingdom, Italy and the Netherlands.,
CERTIFICATION.,MARKETING.,ORGANICS.,HORTICULTURAL PRODUCTS.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,UNITED KINGDOM.,ITALY.,NETHERLANDS.,TRANSPORT.,


Published - June 2003
Study on the market access issues re the export of CARICOM services to Canada and the USA,
SERVICES,CARICOM,FOREIGN TRADE,USA,CANADA,FTAA,TRADE AGREEMENTS,

This study identifies and discusses key issues relating to market access to the US and Canada for Service provides form CARICOM, and their implication for the FTAA negatiations.,


Published - April 2003
2000 Population Housing Census.,
STATISTICAL DATA.,BARBADOS.,


Published - Jan 2002
The Caribbean Music Industry
MUSIC, CARIBBEAN

This study seeks to examines the structure and performance of the Caribbean music industy, with a view to identifying a strategy for industrial upgrading and export expansion. Illustrates the importance of industrial upgrading and export expansion. Looks at the strengths and weaknesses of the regional music industry, identifying the key areas of intervention and formulate policy recommendations.




Published - April 2001
The impact of the EU's "Everything but Arms" proposal: A report to Oxfam
EU, CARIBBEAN, INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS, INTERNATIONAL TRADE, DEVEOPING COUNTRIES

This study, provides rigorous analysis that counters the arguments of anti-Everything But Arms (EBA) lobby.  It shows that the costs to the EU of implementing the EBA are very small, in comparison to the positive benefits it will bring for the least-developed countries.   Some developing countries that already benefit from preferential access to the EU market have legitimate concerns about the impact of the EBA on their trade with the EU.  But these concerns can and should be addressed through positive measures, rather than an EU retreat from the EBA proposal.




Published - January 2001
Documentation Handbook. A Guide to exporting from Barbados,
BARBADOS.,DOCUMENTS STANDARDIZATION.,EXPORT REGULATIONS.,

This handbook provides information on documents required when exporting a product. Covers documentation needed for exporting to the Bahamas, CARICOM, British Virgin Islands, Canada, CARICOM countries, Germany, the French Caribbean, Netherland Antilles, Puerto Rico, Suriname, UK, U.S. Virgin Islands and the USA. Gives separate mention to commonly used export documents such as, bill of lading, certificate of origin and commercial invoice. Includes samples of forms used.,


Published - August 2000
é IV: a strategy for ACP-EU relations in teh 21st century.,
LOME.,WTO.,ACP.,INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,

Reviews the trends in international trade policy that affects the Lom,é Convention. Provides examples of agreements in the regional economic partnership agreements and a strategy for the implementation of an ACP desire to extend the WTO waiver on Lomé.,


Published - December, 1999
Implications for developing countries of likely reforms of the common agricultural policy of the European Union.,
EU.,TOBACCO.,SUGAR.,FRUIT AND VEGETABLES.,BEEF.,DAIRY PRODUCTS.,CEREAL PRODUCTS.,BANANAS.,GATT.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,

Looks at the likely changes to the European Union Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in the new millennium. Discusses changes in key CAP commodity regimes and the effects on developing countries.,


Published - December, 1999
The dynamics of export-processing zones.,
EXPORT-PROCESSING ZONES.,ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.,FREE ZONES.,

Using a monopolistic pricing model as benchmark, this paper develops a dynamic framework within which issues concerning the role of export-processing zones in promoting econic openness and trasition is assed. Technological learning and adaptation contribute profoundly to economic development in LDCs; multinational activities tend to generate an externality that facilitates the process of technology transfer and learning. The model sifnifies these critical factors. The study suggests, among other thins, that the concept of export-processing zones may serve as an effective policy means, when implemented properly, in achieving greater economic openness and growth. in this gradual evloving development process, countries that operate export-processing zones may follow a different transitional path and sequence from the one that is often cited in literature.,


Published - December,1999
Competition policy, development and developing countries
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, WTO, INTERNATIONAL TRADE, TRADE PRACTICES

This working paper attempts to shed some light on the inadequacies of the approaches to competition policy advocated by the North, and which are reflected in WTO and increasingly in the UN as well. The paper illustrates that in-depth  academic analysis of the subject of competition policy, when taking into account development priorities and analysing the situation in an integrated and balanced manner, arrives at a set of policy conclusions and approaches which differ substantially from those currently pressed for in the WTO arena. This analysis provides yet one more example of the vital importance for developing countries of overcoming dependence on North-based studies and analyses, and of organizing their own analyses with a view to preparing their views and positions in international debates and negotiations such as those taking place in WTO.

 




Published - November 1999
Investment agreements in the Western hemisphere: a compendium
INVESTMENT, TRADE AGREEMENTS, JOINT VENTURES

The first section of this Compendium covers the key provisions of 58 bilateral investment treaties signed between countries of the region.  The second section is devoted to the investment provisions included in the multilateral trade and integration arrangements found in the Western Hemisphere: NAFTA, G-3, the two Mercosur investment protocols, Decision 291 of the Andean Pact, and CARICOM. The third section examines the investment provisions in the Bolivia-Mexico, Costa Rica-Mexico and Canada-Chile FTAs, and the fourth section looks at the Chile-Mexico, Mexico-Nicaragua, and the Central America-Dominican Republic FTAs. Building on the methodology used by the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), the Compendium covers seven elements: scope of application, admission, treatment, transfers, expropriation, settlement of disputes between Contracting Parties, and settlement of disputes between a Contracting Party and an investor. Visit http://www.ftaa-alca.org/ngroups/ngin/publications/english99/main.asp for additional information.




Published - October 1999
Competition policy, developing countries and the World Trade Organisation
WTO, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, COMPETITION POLICY, TRADE POLICY

In this paper we review the Competition Policy from a developing country perspective. We start with some definitions of terms and a discussion of the point of view of the main protagonists at the WTO: the EU, US, Japan and the newly industrialized countries of East Asia. We then consider the case for national competion legislation in developing countries and their potential interests in multilateral disciplines in this area. The major options that may be pursued at the multilateral level are summarized.




Published - October 1999
Trade liberalisation in a dynamic setting: implications of new WTO Round
TRADE LIBERALISATION, WTO

This paper explores the impacts of the new WTO Round of trade liberalization over the period 2000 to 2010, using the model that allows for short run unemployment, adjustment costs in capital formation, international flows of financial assets and forwrd looking expectations of the announced policy changes. The focus of the paper is on dynamic adjustment from 2000 to 2020 and the implications for short run global adjustment. So as to provide a metric for judging the scale of the results, the results are compared topolicy in which there is a transfer of foreign aid to Asia Crisis countries. This policy is normalized so that the present value of consumption is equal for the recipient countries under both policies. The trade reforms lead to much global consumption for the same return to the Asia Crisis countries.  In addition, the paper considers the endogeniety of total factor productivity growth in manufacturing industries to changes in tariffs. This implements, in general equilibrium, the empirical results in Chand (1999). It is shown that these effects can lead to large gains to trade liberalization relative to the standard assumption of exogenous TFP growth but also can accentuate the adjustment process with short term policy implications.




Published - September 1999
Intellectual property legal guide.,
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC.,TRADEMARKS.,PATENTS.,

This publication offers information regarding Dominican legislation on trademarks, tradenames, patents, industrial design an dutility models and provides a detailed description of the required administrative procedures. References to the Bill on Intellectual Propoerty posed by the World Intellectual Property Organisation, complete the general overview offered in this guide.,


Published - August, 1999
How has regionalism in the 1990's affected trade?,
NAFTA.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,TRADE LIBERALISATION.,MERSOUR.,PREFERENTIAL TRADE AGREEMENTS.,PREFENTIAL TARIFFS.,

This paper uses the growing model to assess recent developments in prefrential trade agreements.,


Published - August, 1999
Financial services in the trading system: progress and prospects
WTO, NAFTA, SERVICES

Explains the distinction between trade in financial services and capital flows. Discusses the growth and development of disciplines on services in the world trading system and assesses the treatment of financial services in the process.




Published - July 1999
Protocol No. 1 Lomé IV Convention - The Rules of Origin manual for the use of officials, exporters and producers
LOME, RULES OF ORIGIN

The purpose of this manual is to provide an understandable reference guide to Protocol No. 1. It is not intended to replace Protocol No. 1, but to be used with it. Its aim is that as an exporter, producer or official of the Customs Authorities, you will be able to interpret and apply Protocol No. 1 more easily by reference to this manual. Its objectives are to ensure that as an exporter or producer you: are fully aware of the conditions to be complied with to secure preferential access to the Community; understand how products can be "originating" either by being "wholly obtained" or by undergoing "sufficient working or processing"; understand the documentation for declaration of the origin of products; and are aware of the benefits to you and your customer of preferential access to the Community.




Published - July 1999
What are the implications of Raymen Vernon''s Product Cycle Model of Parental Control and Supervision over subsidiaries for the growth and Welfare of host countires in the developing world?,
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,ECONOMICS.,TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS.,


Published - 1999
Globalization with a human face: perspectives from Latin America and the Caribbean.,
GLOBALISATION.,LATIN AMERICA.,CARIBBEAN.,TRADE LIBERALISATION.,


Published - 1999
Trade policy in CARICOM: overview of the main trade policy measure,
CARICOM,TRADE POLICY,

This paper reviews trade policy regimes in CARICOM countries during the 1980s and 1990s. CARICOM trade policy regimes have undergone substantial changes in the 1990s reflecting the desire of the group's member countries to move away from inward-looking to more outward-oriented growth and development. The growing recognition of the importance of export promotion policies led to the adoption of a programme for the Harmonozation of fiscal Incentive to Industry in 1993. All the CARICOM countries have introduced a series of exprt promotion measures, including fiscal incentive regimes and export financing schemes.,


Published - 1999
Approaches to charging for trade information services.,
INFORMATION SERVCIES.,PRICES.,


Published - Feb, 1999
Recent trade performances of Caribbean countries.,
CARIBBEAN.,FOREIGN TRADE.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS.,NAFTA.,CHILE.,MERCOSUR.,EUROPEAN UNION.,CACM.,CAF.,


Published - 1999
Foreign trade statistics - A guide for their use in market research.,
STATISTICAL DATA.,FOREIGN TRADE.,

Preparation and contents of trade statistics: nomenclatures (commodity, services, country), reliability of trade ststistics. Sources of trade statistics (national and internatinal sources, like COMEXT, COMTRADE, PC-TAS, TRADSTAT, World Trade Atlas), availability on CD-ROMs, on teh internet and on-line databases. Tools for analyzing trade statistics: basic indicators (level of aggregation, currency, growth rates, trends), economi,c indicators (trade ratios, concentration, diversification, and competitiveness indicators), trade forecasts (exprapolative methods, source of professional forcasts), software for analyzing and presenting trade statistics. Examples of applications: from the enterprise perspective (identification of new export market, market diversification strategies) and from the trade promotion perspective (national trade performance, priority setting).,


Published - 1999
Trade rules in the making: challenges in regional and multilateral negotiations.,
FREE TRADE AREA.,ECONOMIC INTEGRATION.,REGIONAL COOPERATION.,

This volume includes papers prepared for a joint project undertaken by the OAS, Georgetown University and the WTO. The book targets the key trade issues on the agenda. Addresses trade and trade-related policy issues that are relevant in both the regional and multilateral context as well as matters such as non-reciprocal preference schemes.,


Published - 1999
SME Cluster and Network Development in Developing Countries: The Experience of UNIDO,
SME,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES,CLUSTER,HONDURAS,NICARAGUA,MEXICO,JAMAICA,

This paper describes the background and experience of the UNIDO technical assistance programme for SME networking. Draws conclusions on the methodological steps and principles of UNIDO. Provides information on lessons learnt and highlights the significant issues that emerged and might prove useful in further applications.,


Published - 1999
WTO Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement: Issues for Developing Countries,
PHYTOSANITARY,SANITARY,SPS AGREEMENT,


Published - 1999
The impact of trade liberalisation and fluctuation of commodity prices on Government finances: The case pf St. Lucia.,
TRADE LIBERALIZATION.,BANANAS.,ST. LUCIA.,PRICES.,

This paper provides an assessment of the effects of trade liberalization and fluctuations in banana prices on government finances in St. Lucia. Also highlights the importance of banana exports to the economy.,


Published - 1999
How Stronger Protection of Intellectual Property Rights Affects International Trade Flows,
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY,PATENTS,

Considerations of political economy favor higher standards of protection for intellectual property rights. But does stronger protection of intellectual property rights have a positive impact on international trade flows? Yes in the case of nonfuel trade in general, but no evidence is found for trade in high-technology goods. Intellectual property rights affect international trade flows when protected goods move across national boundaries. And intellectual property rights have grown in importance as the share of knowledge-intensive or high-technology products in international trade has doubled (from 12 percent in 1980 to 24 percent in 1994). Fink and Braga report new evidence about how protecting intellectual property rights affects international trade flows of nonfuel trade products. Employing a gravity model of bilateral trade, they estimate the effects of increased protection on a cross-section of 89 x 88 countries. To address estimation problems associated with zero trade flows between countries, they adopt a bivariate distributed probit regression model. Their results confirm previous findings: Stronger protection of intellectual property rights increases bilateral trade flows of manufactured nonfuel imports. But the results do not hold for trade flows in high technology, where the effect of protecting intellectual property rights was found to be insignificant. This paper - a joint product of the Science and Technology Thematic Group and the Energy, Mining, and Telecommunications Department - is part of a larger effort in the Bank to assess the impact of intellectual property rights on economic development. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=569254,


Published - February, 1999
Micro-and small- enterprise (MSE) finance in CARICOM.,
CARICOM.,SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES.,FINANCING.,


Published - 1999
Curacao exporters guide.,
CURACAO.,MANUAL.,NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.,


Published - 1999
Intranets and push technology: creating an information storing enviroment.,
INFORMATION SYSTEMS.,INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.,INFORMATICS.,INFORMATION SCIENCES.,


Published - 1999
"The value added tax: its relevance to the member countries of the ECCB".,
OECS.,NON TARIFF BARRIERS.,IMPORTS REGULATION.,

This paper examines the theoretical and practical aspects of the VAT to determine its applicability to the member countries of the ECCB. Section 1 focuses on the theoretical aspects of the VAT, while section 11, examines the pratical issues relating to the implementation of the tax. The experience of T,&,T, and Grenada in the implementation of the tax is also examined. The paper concludes with some reccommendations for implemeting the VAT for the member countries of the ECCB.,


Published - 1999
Business guide to the world trading system. 2nd ed.,
TRADE AGREEMENTS.,WTO.,TRADE LIBRALIZATION.,

Updated version of Business Guide to the Uruguay Round 1995 ed., reviewing developments that hae taken place between 1996 and 1999-provides overallof the WTO system:explains role of WTo as a forum for negotiations and as an organizationfor settling trade disputes: presents rules applicable to trade in goods as embodied in GATT 1994 and its associate Agreements; reviews the main features of the General Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights; provides an overview of issues under discussion in the six trade-related subject areas added to the WTO work programme; chapters provide an analysis of the business implications of the issues covered.,


Published - 1999
Trade in information technology products and the WTO Agreements: current situation and views of exporters in developing countries.,
ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT.,COMPUTERS.,SOFTWARE.,TELECOMMUNICATIONS.,SERVICES.,URUGUAY ROUND.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,

Market study of information technology (IT) products - reviews trade patterns, technological trends and market opportuinties for telecommunication and electronic data processing equipment, semiconductor devices, semiconductor manufacturing equipment and computer software; examines impact of WTO Agreements on It products, manufacturers and exporters in developing countries and makes recommendations on technical a,ssiatance programmes to improve It market access.,


Published - 1999
Integrated tariff of the United Kingdom Vols 1-3.,
UNITED KINGDOM.,TARIFFS.,


Published - 1999
"The growth potential of trade among developing countries: Insights for CARICOM".,
CARICOM.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,TRADE.,FOREIGN TRADE.,TRADE LIBERALIZATION.,CARIBBEAN.,


Published - 1999
Tackling national competitiveness in a borderless world: Policy paper series No.1,
COMMONWEALTH.,TRADE POLICY.,WTO.,GATT.,TRADE PRACTICES.,

Focuses on the improvements of competitiveness and competitiveness strategies in Commonwealth countries and contributes greatly to a debate which is becoming increasingly significant for all countries of the world.,


Published - 1999
"Building a competitive advantage: the case for offshore financial centres in CARICOM States".,
CARICOM.,TRADE PRACTICES.,BARBADOS.,INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.,

Paper examines the constraints that pose potential problems for teh region's newly emerging offshore financial centres (OFCs). Outlines a model which can aid Caribbean OFCs in building their competitive advantage and upon which an assessment of Barbados experience as a CARICOM OFCs is based, so as to illustrate the model's applicability. Concludes a systematic framework for building international competitive and sustainable OFCs within CARICOM.,


Published - 1999
"The new international economic environment: the WTO and implications for the OECS".,
CARICOM.,WTO.,OECS.,INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION.,GATT.,GATS.,TRIPS.,INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,TRADE LIBERALIZATION.,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS.,


Published - 1999
Competitiveness of the manufacturing and agro-industrial sectors in the Caribbean with a focus on Dominica, Guyana, St. Vincent and the Grenadines and Trinidad and Tobago.,
MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS.,AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS.,CARIBBEAN.,DOMINICA.,GUYANA.,ST. VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES.,TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO.,


Published - 1999
The FTAA: some longer term issues.,
FREE TRADE AREA.,TRADE LIBERALIZATION.,LATIN AMERICA.,CARIBBEAN.,

Overview of the context for the emerging new regionalism and the FTAA. Provides a generic checklist of some of the potential benefits and costs that might be anticipated from an FTAA as well as another checklist of collective and national policy issues that could help to maximise the potential for favourable effects and minimise the costs. Looks at the particular aspects of the FTAA, which will be an important determining factor of the balance of costs and benefits: the way in which the FTAA articulates with existing regional arrangements in the hemisphere. Close with brief conclusions.,


Published - 1999
The Caribbean Community: facing the challenges of regional and global integration.,
CARICOM.,REGIONAL INTEGRATION.,TRADE LIBERALIZATION.,USA.,CANADA.,LATIN AMERICA.,EUROPE.,

Chapter I provides a general overview of the Caribbean Community, key features of its economies and the challenges facing the region on the eve of the new millenium. Chapter II offers an overview of the regional integration process, including progress on intra-regional trade liberalisation, the deepening and the widening of CARICOM. Chapter III examines the external challenges facing the region today, particularly as regards its trade relations with Europe, the United States, Canada and Latin America. Chapter IV examines key areas of the services sector, both in terms of enhancing the region's export potential and supporting the establishment of a functioning single market. Chapter V briefly examines the Community's institutional structure, outlining existing bottlenecks to the effective design, implementation and enforcement of common policies. Chapter VI provides an analytical justification for promoting integration and cooperation initiatives in the region, and suggests a number of actions that could be teken to enhance the development prospects of CARICOM. The study argues that despite the limited contribution of regional integration efforts to economic deveoopment in teh region so far, integration can play a beneficial role if pursued under the right framework and with the right instruments.,


Published - 1999
Government procurement and free trade in the Americas.,
FREE TRADE AREA.,PURCHASING.,GOVERNMENT.,INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION.,

Examines the importance of open procurements, internationally accepted public procurement principles and national procurement laws and internationally agreed principles. Also looks at public procurement methods, open tendering procedures and bid challenge procedures.,


Published - 1999
Technical cooperation needs for hemispheric trade negotiations,
TRADE NEGOTIATIONS,USA,COMMERCIAL POLICY FREE TRADE,


Published - 1999
International commercial sale of perishable goods: model contract and users' guide.,
CONTRACTS.,FOOD.,

Model contract developed for international sale of foodstuffs subject to rapid physical deterioration. Proposed conditions compatible with international trade conventions and usages, offering legal framework applicable to international deliveries of goods and international payments. Users' guide provides general presentation of the model contract and commentaries on individual contractual provisions. Annexes cover text of United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods. UNIDROIT principles of international commercial contracts, and ISO currency codes.,


Published - 1999
The North American market for fresh fruit and vegetables: import regulations and quality requirements.,
FRUIT.,VEGETABLES.,USA.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,USA.,CANADA.,

Provides brief descriptions of mandatory import regulationsand administrative agencies in the United States and Canada. Contains import regulations and quality requirements which can be used as guidelines in the preparation, handling and documentation of agricultural shipments to North America. Samples of the required forms are also provided.,


Published - 1999
How to evaluate trade credit requests: a guide for bankers and teh scorecard: a risk analysis tool.,
TRADE FINANCING.,EXPORT FINANCING.,EXPORT CREDIT.,

Guide to how to assess requests for trade credit from enterprises in developing countries and transition countries. Deals with basic lending facilities and practices involved in commercial transactions; practical aspects of assessing applications for trade credit by exporters and importers; outlines ways in which trade credit transactions can be structured and monitored before and after disbursement.,


Published - 1999
Innovating for success in the export of services: a handbook.,
SERVICES.,MANAGEMENT.,EXPORT MARKETING.,

Handbook on services innovation (identifying unmet needs and designing services for them) as a tool for enhancing export profitability. Approaches innovation as a competitive strategy; describes characteristics of services innovation and its relation with cultural variables. Outlines guidelines for establishing appropriate innovation; explains how to review quality assurance procedures and clarify customer priorities. Reviews implementation cycle; examines innovation links to export readiness and export success. Includes exercises.,


Published - 1999
Electronic commerce: an examination of the issues facing Commonwealth developing countries.,
ELECTRONIC COMMERCE.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,INFORMATICS.,

This paper examines the economic, developmental and legal issues facing developing countries of the Commonwealth in the field of electronic commerce.,


Published - 1999
Sources of information:Websites for exporters.,
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.,INTERNET.,INFORMATION SERVICES.,INFORMATICS.,

Includes over 120 sector specific sites covering areas. Such as telecommunications, agriculture, clothing and textiles and financial services. Guide also covers internet sites which provide contact details, statistica data, info on multilateral development agencies, business ews and gateway sites.,


Published - 1999
Export quality management: resource material for training activities.,
QUALITY MANAGEMENT.,CERTIFICATION.,

Discusses basic concepts of quality management, based on internationally accepted principles and practice, and examines their implication for the export function. Covers various aspects such as quality requirements, quality assurance, conformity assessment and certification, trade-related environmental issues. Provides resource material that can be used in designing training programmes on export quality management for SMEs.,


Published - 1999
Multilateral tariff liberalisation and the developing countries . Policy Brief No. 18.,

Published - 1999
Analysis of the market access and national treatment commitments made by CARICOM member states under the general agreement on trade in services (GATS) of the World Trade Organisation (WTO).,
CARICOM.,GATS.,WTO.,TRADE FACILITATION.,


Published - July, 1998
Trade Secrets: the export answer book for SMEs.,
SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED EXPORTING ENTERPRISES.,INDIA.,MARKET RESEARCH.,TRADE SHOW.,QUALITY STANDARDS.,PRICING.,PACKAGING.,LABELLING.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,

Handbook customized to suit the needs of small and medium-sized exporting enterprises in India and answering the most commonly asked questions on the export process - covers market research, cultural issues, marketing, market entry methods, agents and distributors, trade shows, regulations, quality standards, pricing, financing and getting paid, transportation, documentation, packaging and labelling, trade agreements; provides a comprehensive listing of current publications, periodicals, software programs and databases available in India.,


Published - 1998
Does membership in a regional preferential trade arrangement make a country more or less protectioniist?,
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,

Looks at the systematic relationship between a developing country's participation in a preferential regional trade agreement (RTA) and the restrictiveness of its trade. Also looks at intra-bloc shares and trade intensities of the principle of RTAs involving developing countries to see if any systematic trand could be detected in the period following the formation of the blocs.,


Published - 1998
Eco trade manual: environmental challenges for exporting to the European Union.,
ENVIRONMENT.,EUROPEAN UNION.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,

An analysis of the key environmental aspects and issues faced by potential exporters of selected products to the European Union. Provides information on environmental policies and regulations, market challenges, trade and technology and concludes with addresses of development co-operation organisations, environmental ministries of the EU member states and standardisation institutes.,


Published - February, 1998
Your show master: a guide for selection, preparation and participation in European trade fairs.,
TRADE FAIRS.,EUROPE.,


Published - 1998
"The World Trade Organization and implications for developing countries".,
USA.,WTO.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,


Published - 1998
Market report: dried foods, nuts and spices.,
FOOD.,NUTS.,SPICES.,IMPORT REGULATIONS.,CANADA.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,

Provides general information on the Canadian import market for dried food, nuts and spices. Looks at trade practices, distribution and import regulations. Annex includes sources of information and trade fairs.,


Published - 1998
Organizing buyers-sellers meetings: a tool for promoting trade among developing countries.,
TRADE PROMOTION.,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES.,SOUTH-SOUTH TRADE.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,

Manual presenting methodology for preparing and implementing buyers-sellers meetings within the framework of promoting South-South trade.,


Published - 1998
International market access information: horticulture sector.,
HORTICULTURAL PRODUCTS.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,

Provides information regarding rules and measures affecting international trade of agricultural products. Also looks at trade promotion services and facilities that can be used by the horticultural industry.,


Published - 1998
GATS 2000: opening merkets for service.,
WTO.,GATS.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION.,

Provides an overview of the GATS and examines consultation and dispute settlements. Also looks at various sectors covered by GATS namely, construction, communication, distribution, finance, tourism and travel related services and transport services. Also provides an overview on the WTO.,


Published - 1998
The informal sector, micro, small amd medium-sized enterprises and job creation in the caribbean.,
CARIBBEAN.,SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES.,


Published - 1998
The CFO as corporate leader: critical issues ahead.,
MANAGEMENT.,PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT.,


Published - 1998
Leadership and change.,
MANAGEMENT.,ENTERPRISE REGULATIONS.,


Published - 1998

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