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Trade policy review. Report by the Secretariat, Trinidad and Tobago,
TRADE POLICY,TRINIDAD AMND TOBAGO,WTO,

Please see WTo website http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/tp_rep_e.htm#bycountry,


Published - February 2012
Redefining ACP-EU Trade Relations: Economic Partnership Agreements
TRADE AGREEMENT, ACP, EU, COTONOU

Paper presented at the ECDPM Semiar: The Cotonou Partnership Agreement: what role in a changing world Maastricht, December 18-19, 2006.




Published - December 2006
Agreement among the government of the member states of the Caribbean Community for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and encouragement of regional trade and investment
TRADE POLICY, CARICOM, TARIFF AGREEMENTS, TARIFF POLICY, REGIONAL CO-OPERATION

This agreement's main objective is to avoid double taxation and to prevent fiscal evasion. This is in response to the view that there is a need for a taxation mechanism designed to promote trade and investment flows among member states in the community. The draft agreement has therefore been stractured with a view to cimplifying fax machinery in dealing with incomes which may be subject to taxation at source as well as in the country of recipient's residence. Elimination of the possibility of double taxation of the same income, and incouraging intra-regional trade and investment flows.  Visit http://caricom.org/about-caricom/who-we-are/our-governance/about-the-secretariat/offices/office-of-the-general-council/treaties-and-agreements/agreement-among-the-member-states-of-the-caricom-for-the-avoidance-of-doubl for further information.




Published - 1994
Support to the Commonwealth Business Forum 2009: Summary of Proceeding
CARIBBEAN, ECONOMIC CONDITIONS, SERVICES

The main purpose of the meeting was to develop and encourage Caribbean business leadership and participation in Commonwealth Business forum to take place in November 2009, as well as to update participant on preparations for the Private Sector Forum for the 5th Summit of the Americas, which will be held in Port of Spain in April 2009.




Published - March 3-4, 2009
Public- Private Partnership and the Creative sector
CREATIVE SECTOR

Through initiatives such as the Global Alliance for Cultural Diversity and the Creative Cities Network, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has highlighted the importance of fostering public-private partnerships (PPPs) as a model for making cultural and creative industries the drivers of economic growth. To download a copy of the latest issue of Trade Forum visit www.tradeforum.org.




Published - 2009
How stronger protection of intellectual property rights affect international trade flows
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS, TRADE MARKS, INTERNATIONAL TRADE

This study provides new evidence regarding the effects of patent protection on international trade. It employs a gravity model of bilateral trade flows and estimates the effects of increased protection on a cross-section of 89x88 countries. It improves on previous studies in two respects. First, it estimates the gravity model for two different kind of aggregates: total non-fuel trade and high technology trade. Second, it addresses the problem of zero trade flows between countries by adopting a bivariate distributed probit regression model. Second, to measure the strength of IPRs regimes, we make use of a fine tuned index on national IPRs systems developed by Park and Ginarte (1996). Our results confirm previous findings suggesting a positive link between IPRs protection and trade flows for the total non-fuel trade aggregate.  However, IPRs are not found to be significant for high technology trade flows.




Published - Feburary, 1999
Boosting Competion : ITC's New Business Guides
SMALL AND MEDIUM SIZED ENTERPRISES, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, COMPETITIVENESS, TRADE OPPORTUNITIES

The ITC guides are intended to boost trade competitiveness and inspire entrepreneurship. The guides are aimed at firms in developing countries and trade support institutions. For further information, visit http://www.tradeforum.org/news/fullstory.php/aid/1488/Boosting_Competitiveness.




Published - 2009
Implementing cultural provisions of CARIFORUM EU EPA: How do they benefit the Caribbean cultural sector?
CULTURAL INDUSTRIES, CARIFORUM, EPA, EUROPEAN UNION, CARIBBEAN, TRADE AGREEMENT

The ECPDM study looks foremost at how eight Member States of the EU such as Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and the United Kingdom implemented to date the cultural provisions of the Cariforum-EU EPA. These are the European countries that, due to their historical and linguistic ties, traditionally have the most cultural cooperation with the Cariforum countries. The national cultural programmes that could be useful for the Caribbean cultural sectors were also examined. It addition the study looks at the activities and funding programmes developed by the European Commission at EU level to implement the cultural provisions of the Cariforum-EU EPA. To have a better idea of the expectations of the governments of the Cariforum countries as well as the cultural and creative sectors in the Caribbean and the EU, an overview of their views and positions is also included in the study. Finally on the basis of the results of the survey of what the EU Member States have done so far to implement the cultural provisions of the Cariforum-EU EPA, a set of recommendations are made on the actions that need to be taken by the European Commission, the EU Member States and the Cariforum countries to ensure that the cultural provisions of the Cariforum-EU EPA can effectively become a more useful tool to increase and boost cultural cooperation and trade.




Published - June 2011
Trade Policy Review. Report by the Secretariat- Jamaica,
JAMAICA,TRADE POLICY,

Jamaica's economy, which is dependent on alumina, tourism, remittances, and its large informal sector, is highly trade-oriented. Exports and imports of goods and services have represented on average over 90% of GDP since 2005. During the review period, Jamaica has continued to struggle with a narrow production structure and vulnerability to external climatic and economic shocks. These shortcomings were exposed starkly during the recent global economic slowdown, which severely impacted the Jamaican economy, resulting in declines of real GDP of 1.7% in fiscal year 2008/09 and 2.5% during 2009/10 as well as marked decreases in earnings from the export of goods and services and from remittances.,


Published - December 7, 2010
Market access manual for artisans navigating the US and UK market
BARBADOS, MANUAL, HANDICRAFT, UK, USA, MARKET ACCESS CONDITIONS

This guide provides a step by step practical approach for present and future artisans interested in raising their export competitiveness and positioning their goods in US and UK markets. Based on the export opportunities presented by the CARIFORUM‐European Community (EC) Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) the manual will also provide practical information on market access opportunities and limitations in the European Union (EU) with specific reference to United Kingdom (UK) market, how to penetrate these markets, and how to establish important points of contact.




Published - December 2010
Investment & Business Facilitation Study Programme,
INVESTMENT,CARIBBEAN,TRADE AGREEMENTS,E.P.A.,CARIFORUM,E.U.,BUSINESS CUSTOMS,TRADE PRACTICES,TOURISM-RELATED SERVICES,SPORTS-RELATED SERVICES,HEALTH & WELLNESS SERVICES,CREATIVE INDUSTRIES,EDUCATIONAL SERVICES,PROFESSIONAL SERVICES,INFORMATION & COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY (ICT) SERVICES,MARITIME & OTHER LOGISTICS SERVICES,FINANCIAL SERVICES,ENERGY SERVICES,UK,FRANCE,GERMANY,SPAIN,NETHERLANDS,IRELAND,ST. LUCIA,ANTIGUA,ST. VINCENT & THE GRENADINES,

The study looks at 9 selected CARIFORUM and 6 EU member states over a period of 5 months in 2010. The study comprised extensive desk research, meetings with stakeholders, and included a validation workshop staged in Barbados in July 2010. An outline of some of the main characteristics of the prevailing policies governing investment and trade in services within the EU can also be found, with particular focus on 6 EU member states, viz. The UK, France, Germany, Spain, the Netherlands and Ireland. It looks also at their ease of doing business, their priorities for both inward and outward investment with respect to the services sectors and their respective frameworks for investment support, while noting existing and potential linkages with the CARIFORUM economies. Also assesses the role of Business Support Organizations and in particular the Coalition of Service Industries (CSIs), and pinpoint recommendations for enhancing their effectiveness and addresses the development of a comprehensive Investment and Trade Promotion strategy for CARIFORUM.,


Published - Dec 2010
Implementing the Economic Partnership Agreement in the East African Community and the CARIFORUM Regions: What is in it for the private sector?
EPA, AFRICA, CARIFORUM, TRADE AGREEMENT, EUROPEAN UNION

Based on the experience of the CARIFORUM and bringing in an African perspective, with the East African Community (EAC), this paper examines what the EPA has brought for those who are the main implementing agents:: the private sector. This paper compares the outcomes of the EPA in the CARIFORUM region and the EAC region and the role of their respective private sectors. Although having contrasting economic and trade structures, both regions have one thing in common: their private sector is mainly composed of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs), many of which fall in the informal sector , and relatively fewer large companies.




Published - October 2010
The Jamaica Manufacturer's Association Ltd. Membership Directory
JAMAICA, DIRECTORY, BUY JAMAICA, BUILD JAMAICA

Please visit http://jma.com.jm/jma_/home_.php?id=115&headingID=25&link=membersDirectory.php for the directory.




Published - September 2010
World Trade Report 2010
INTERNATIONAL TRADE, WTO, FISH, FORESTRY

The report covers trade negotiations, implementation and monitoring, dispute settlement, building trade capacity and outreach. The report also examines the WTO's Ministerial Conference, the Second Global Review of Aid for Trade, and the WTO's first Open Day. In includes the Director-General's reflections on the impact of the financial crisis and the challenges ahead. The annual report is available for download at http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/publications_e/anrep10_e.htm,




Published - July 2010
The Little Data Book 2010
SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS, TRADE, FINANCE, REFERENCE GUIDE

Now in its eighth edition, this pocket-sized reference on key development data for over 200 countries provides profiles of each country with 54 development indicators about people, environment, economy, technology and infrastructure, trade, and finance. It is intended as a quick reference for users of World Development Indicators and the Atlas of Global Development. For further information: http://publications.worldbank.org/ecommerce/catalog/product?item_id=9564617

 




Published - June 2010
Trade Negotiations Insights,
TRADE NEGOTIATIONS,TRADE AGREEMENTS,

Trade Negotiations Insights is a monthly publication from the ECDPM and the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development on the major issues faced by African and ACP countries in their international trade negotiations at the WTO and with the EU in the context of the Cotonou Agreement. The April 2010 issue includes an article by D Jessop on What happened to the Cariforum-EU EPA? The publication can be downloaded at http://www.acp-eu-trade.org/library/files/tni_en_9-3.pdf,


Published - April 2010
The Economic Partnership Agreement and the creative sector Implications and prospects for CARIFORUM,
TRADE AGREEMENT,EPA,CARIFORUM,EC,CARIFORUM,COUTONOU,CREATIVE SECTOR,ECONOMIC INTEGRATION,

The key issue in the EPA for the cultural sector is evaluation in the following analysis. In addition, the discussion provides a brief overview of the cotonou Agreement, signed in June 2000, Which governed cultureal cooperation between the EU and the ACP. The goal, in part, is to compare the two agreements in terms of the scope for creative industries expansion in CARIFORUM. The paper also offers a brief overview of the global trade policy context for the creative sector.,


Published - April 2010
Report on G2o Trade and Investment Measures,
TRADE,POLICY INVESTMENT,TRADE AGREEMENT,G2O,

The latest report by the WTO, OECD and UNCTAD on G20 trade and investment measures says that high unemployment rates and uncertainties on global growth indicate the need for G20 governments “to remain vigilant in opposing protectionism”. The agencies urged the G20 leaders to undertake “a clear and stronger commitment to open markets and make concrete their many calls to bring the Doha Round to a rapid conclusion”. The report is available for download at http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news10_e/trim_report_08mar10_e.doc,


Published - 8 March 2010
Making Monitoring and Evaluation Systems Work: A Capacity Development Tool Kit
EVALUATION, MONITORING SYSTEMS, MANAGEMENT, PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, PERFORMANCE STANDARDS

This publication will help readers to build functional monitoring and evaluation systems and provide the tools and concepts for helping others build their systems. After more than a decade of development investments in monitoring and evaluation few countries are able to regularly report on how effective their policies and programmes are in achieving the results they desire. It is not through lack of good Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) design, nor political mandates to support the effort, but from a lack of sustained management and delivery of effective M&E programmes within established organisations. This publication will help readers to build functional monitoring and evaluation systems and provide the tools and concepts for helping others build their systems. For further information see http://publications.worldbank.org/ecommerce/catalog/product?item_id=9505243.




Published - 2009
Emerging Markets Take Centre Stage: A Dramatic Shift in Purchasing Power,
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES,EMERGING MARKETS,

This report from Business Monitor International (BMI) looks at the relative value of opportunities present in emerging markets across the globe. It analyses and forecasts the outlook for key regions and considers the likely impact of major economic and political risks. It assesses the strength of EM following the global credit crunch and recession compared to their developed counterparts, in order to gauge the likelihood of macroeconomic outperformance, increased investment from developed regions and opportunities for some industries to benefit. For further information visit http://store.businessmonitor.com/sr/the_2010_global_outlook_emerging_markets_lead_the_way/,


Published - 4 February 2010
Local and Community Driven Development: Moving to Scale in Theory and Practice,
DEVELOPMENT,

This volume brings together the experiences of leading practitioners of local and community-driven development (LCDD) projects. LCDD empowers communities and their local governments to drive economic and social development upwards and outwards. This book includes historical background, best practices, toolkits, analysis, and lessons learned for developing supportive national policies and programmes that fit the individual contexts of countries and localities. For further information http://publications.worldbank.org/ecommerce/catalog/product?item_id=9476329,


Published - February 2010
Convergence in Information and Communication Technology: Strategic and Regulatory Considerations,
ICT,TRADE DEVELOPMENT,

This volume analyzes the strategic and regulatory dimensions of convergence. It offers policy makers and regulators examples from countries around the world as they address this phenomenon. The authors suggest that countries that enable convergence are likely to reap the greater rewards. But the precise nature of the response will differ by country. Hence, this book offers global principles that should be tailored to local circumstances as regulatory frameworks evolve to address convergence. For futher information visit http://publications.worldbank.org/ecommerce/catalog/product?item_id=9430268,


Published - February 2010
Taking Responsiblility - Global Economy Briefing,
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS,CARIBBEAN,

The analysis of the available short-term economic data suggests strong signals of “gathering economic recovery”.The briefing is available for download on http://www.capricaribbean.org/research/global-economy-briefing,


Published - Feb 2010
International Regulation and Treatment of Trade Finance: What Are the Issues?,
TRADE FINANCING,FINANCING,EXPORT CREDIT,BANKING,

The paper by Marc Auboin discusses a number of issues related to the treatment of trade credit internationally, both by banking regulators and by debtors and creditors in the case of default, which are of interest to the trade finance community, in particular the traditional providers of trade credit and guarantees, such as banks, export credit agencies, regional development banks, and multilateral agencies. The paper is available for download on http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/reser_e/ersd201009_e.pdf,


Published - February 2010
Adapting to Climate Change in Eastern Europe and Centreal Asia,
CLIMATE CHANGE,ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT,EUROPE,ASIA,

This report presents an overview of what adaptation to climate change might mean for Eastern Europe and Central Asia (ECA). It discusses emerging best practice adaptation planning around the world and reviews the latest climate projections. It also discusses possible actions to improve resilience organised around impacts on natural resources (water, biodiversity, and the coastal environment), health, the 'unbuilt' environment (agriculture and forestry), and the built environment (infrastructure and housing). It concludes with a discussion of two areas in great need of strengthening: disaster preparedness and hydrometeorological services. For further information: http://publications.worldbank.org/ecommerce/catalog/product?item_id=9365247,


Published - January 2010
Harmonised Tariff Schedule of The United States Annotated
TARIFFS, USA, TRADE BARRIERS, CUSTOMS DUTIES

US International Trade Commission, January 2010. This publication provides the applicable tariff rates and statistical categories for all merchandise imported into the US. The harmonised tariff schedule is based on the international Harmonised System, the global system of nomenclature used to describe most world trade in goods. The statistical annotations enable interested persons to determine the classification of and the tariff rates applicable to imported goods with great depth and detail as well as the requirements for reporting statistical data on imports. To view this publication, please visit http://www.usitc.gov/tata/hts/index.htm.




Published - January 2010
Caribbean Scoping Study Final Report
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, TRADE OPPORTUNITIES, JAMAICA, GRENADA, BELIZE, COCOA, NUTMEG, MUSIC, COTTON, HONEY, TOILET PREPARATIONS, COSMETICS

The study focus on the products identifies throughlight Years IP's Screening and scoping methodology. The November 2008 Interim Report identified Grenadian nutmeg, Caribbean sugar, Caribbean Sugar, Caribbean pepper sause and condiments, Jamaican cigars, Jamaican natural beauty products, Jamaican natural beauty products, Jamaican ginger and derivative product, Jamaican logwood honey, merchandising from Reggae, marine bio assets and West Indian Sea Island cotton . This study also includes a summary of a special report on a group of products identified as beat bet, with inital comments on the likeihood of IP value Capture opportunities amongst these products/sectors.




Published - July 29, 2009
Caribbbean: accellerating trade integration-Policy options for sustained growth, job creation, and poverty reduction,
CARIBBEAN,CARICOM,TRADE POLICY,TRADE DEVELOPMENT,ECONOMIC INTEGRATION,

The report provide policy priorities to accelerating caribbean ingration into the world economy and to reap the benefits of global competition. Each part of the report focuses on a key question and adds value by providing an in depth analysis of the issues raised and laying the foundations for policy recommendations described in the last chapter of the report: Part 1 (Overview of economic and trade system context): is Caribbean's economic and trade system sound enough to sustain the new era of its global trade relations which is being shaped? Part 11(New opportunities and Challenges): what are the opportunities and challenges that the new trade environment offers to the Caribbean? Part 111 (Macroeconomic Framework): what are the gains in terms of growth and proverty reduction of the recently negotiated EPA?,


Published - April 2009
Free Trade, Fair Trade, And Gender Inequality In Less Developed Countries.,
FREE TRADE,FAIR TRADE,GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT,TRADE LIBERALIZATION,GENDER INEQUALITY,GENDER AND TRADE,

Fair trade is often viewed as an alternative to free trade that reduces global inequality and poverty. This paper examines whether fair trade is truly an alternative to the free market and as a consequence whether it can effectively advance gender equality and alleviate the poverty of women in less developed countries (LDCs). After a review of neoclassical economics and trade liberalisation policies, the paper examines how fair trade seeks to correct market imperfections, thereby making the free market more efficient in distributing wealth. The ability of fair trade to address the central issues related to trade liberalisation and women in LDCs is discussed, and the gendered structures of fair trade are identified. Whether fair trade can provide gender equality within global capitalist structures is a theoretical matter that requires further empirical inquiry. To access this publication, please refer to http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/122276379/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0.,


Published - 30 March 2009.
Promotion of export diversification- the role of Caribbean Export development Agency (Caribbean Export),
EXPORT DIVERSIFICATION,TRADE POLICY,EXPORT PROMOTION,


Published - February 2009
The Quality of International Insertion and Competitiveness in the Greater Caribbean Applying ECLAC Instruments in Assessing Competitiveness,
TRADE LIBERALISATION,FOREIGN TRADE,INTERNATIONAL TRADE,

This document consists of five parts.The first examines the dynamices of work trade, and it constitutes the backdrop against which the analysis is done. The second part explains the indicators used by competive analysis of nation and module to analyse the growth of international commerce and their interpretation. It seeks to stress the differences and similarities between both programmes. It also makes refernce to the recently prepared Caribbean trade database. the third part completes this scenario by suggesting additional indicators to complement the current ones. The fourth part applies the concepts of competive analysis of Nations and Module to analyse the growth of International Commerce to Association of Caribbean States member states in relation to their main trading partners. The final part deals generally with the subject of competitiveness in the services sector, which for some countries such as those of the Caribbean, is vitally imporatant. An indicator is also suggested for evaluating the performance of the services sector. The tourism sector is used as an example.,


Published - 23 October 2008
Increasing EU- Caribbean Trade: Opportunties, Challenges and the role of Caribbean Export Development Agency
FOREIGN TRADE, CARIBBEAN, TRADE OPPORTUNITES


Published - September 2008
Economic survey of the Caribbean 2007-2008
ECONIMIC CONDITIONS, CARIBBEAN

This survey provides an overview of the performance of countries of the Caribbean Development and Cooperation Committee (CDCC) for the year 2007 and their outlook for 2008. The report consists of three chapters. The first one provides a regional analysis of then main economic indicatiors from a comparative perpective starting with a brief discussion of the principal event in the world economy. The second chapter deals with two selected topics for the economic development ofCaribbean countries, Namely public debt sustainablity and competitiveness in the tourism sector. The last chapter presents country briefs with the main macroeconomic development in 2007 and the outlook for 2008.




Published - July 2008
Availibility of accessing funding for film production anad the role of Caribbean Export identifying export opportunities,
FILM,CULTURAL INDUSTRIES,CARRIBBEAN TRADE FINANCING,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,


Published - July 2008
Women and men in the Caribbean Community: Facts and Figures 1998 - 2005
WOMEN, MEN, CARIBBEAN, CARICOM, STATISTICAL DATA,

In this report, the population figures for the inter-censal years are mid-year or end of year population estimates as well as population projections, some of which are derived by the United Nations. Because of the underlying differences in the population values, there will be minimal efforts relative to comparing the data of the 2000 Census Round with the population estimates and projections.




Published - May 2010
Promoting CARIFORUM services exports: High Potential,but many challenges,
SERVICES,CARIFORUM,FOREIGN TRADE,ICT,HEALTH AND WELLNESS,EDUCATION,BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT SERVICES,CONSTRUCTION,

Entertainment Production Services,


Published - February 2008
Seventh Report to Congress on the Operation of the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act,
CBERA,USA,CARIBBEAN,

This report, coming more than five years after the passage of the Trade Act of 2002 and one year after the passage of the HOPE Act, Provides an important opportunity to evaluate the effects of these expansions of CBI trade preferences. Its is clear that the new preference provisions are being actively used by beneficiary countries and U.S. industries. The Administration will continue to work with Congress, the private sector, CBI Beneficiary countries, and other interested parties to ensure a faithful and effective implementation of this important expansion of trade benefits.,


Published - 31 December 2007
CARICOM'S Trade in Services Volume 2 2000-2005,
CARICOM,FOREIGN TRADE,STATISTICS,SERVICES,INTERNATIONAL TRADE,


Published - December 2007
Spotlight Caribbean - Benchmarketing FDI Competitiveness in Caribbean Countries,
FOREIGN INVESTMENT,BELIZE,DOMINICAN REPUBLIC,JAMAICA,ST. LUCIA,EXPORT SERVICES,TOURISM,FOOD PROCESSING,

This report uses the location benchmarking approach commonly used by foreign investors and professional location advisers to evaluate alternative global investment sites. Location benchmarking enables investing firms to narrow their site selection options to short lists of locations best suited to their investment projects. Investment promotion intermediaries also increasingly use benchmarking to better understand their locations' competitiveness for foreign direct investment (FDI) and to develop marketing messages. The Caribbean Enterprise Benchmarking Program was conducted to help investment promotion intermediaries in Belize, the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, and St. Lucia understand their locations' comparative advantages for attractive investment in three sectors: export services, food processing, and tourism operations. The countries were evaluated in each industry based on the costs and operating conditions experiences by existing investors with facilities in these countries.,


Published - June 2007
National Strategic Development Plan Grenada
GRENADA, EXPORT DEVELOPMENT, EXPORT STRATEGY, TRADE DEVELOPMENT

The National Strategic Development Plan addresses a comprehensive range of issues, goals, strategies, objectives and actions that are strategic in charting the course towards the social and economic advancement of Grenada, Carriacou and Petit Martinique. Moreover, it is based on a shared vision and an enduring value system. The Government is committed to working with all stakeholders in implementing the Plan as we work towards achieving our national vision.




Published - May 2007
A review of the Caribbean Health and wellness Industry
HEALTH AND SOCIAL SERVICES, CARIBBEAN

This report reviews the potential of the health and wellness sector and makes recommendations as to how the Caribbean might become a global player in industry.




Published - May 2007
Development at crossroad: the Economic Partnership Agreement negotiations with Eastern and Southern African countries on trade in services
SERVICES, ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT, AFRICA, TRADE AGREEMENT, GATS, GATT, MARKET ACCESS, REGIONAL INTEGRATION, TARIFFFS, LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES

This paper examines the dynamics of services trade in Regional trade Agreements (RTAs) within the context of the EU-ACP EPA negotiations currently under way, assessing what is at stake for the Eastern and Southern African (ESA) Group of countries involved in this negotiation. The paper makes the argument that while the EPAs have as a stated aim to development of ACP countries, the potential outcome will not be development oriented. The paper analyses multilateral rules and negotiations on trade in services as contained in the World Trade Organisation's (WTO) General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), and its interface with the ESA-EPA negotiations. It analyses the RTA Perspective, assessing the state of play in EU-ACP EPA negotiations and exploring thedevelopment impact on ESA countries. Affirming the notion that the process will serve to enhance EU development rather than that of ESA countries, the paper makes the case that the real priorities for ESA countries, the paper makes the case that the real prorities for ESA countries lie in the development of overall and sector specific national policies on services, the development of capacity for the supply of services mainly at the domestic level, so as to meet universal access to basic services obligations, and the development of effective regulatory capacity in servicesso as to ensure a balance between commercial interests and other national development oriented.




Published - May 2007
The Furniture Manufacturing Industry of Barbados (2): Marketing Strategy of Barbadian Vernacular Furniture. Final Report,
FURNITURE,MARKETING,BARBADOS,

This study provides hints for the marketing of "Barbadian Vernacular" furniture both on the domestic and the international market.,


Published - Feb 2007
Global Excellence- Barbadian Traditions- The National Strategic Plan of Barbados 2006-2025,
BARBADOS,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,MANAGEMENT,

This plan provide the bluprint for the realisation of barbados vision of becoming a fully developed society that is prosperous, socially just and globally competitive by the end of the first quarter of this century.,


Published - February 2007
Alternative (to) EPAS: Possible scenarios for the future ACP trade relations with the EU
EPA, TRADE AGREEMENT, ACP, EU, WTO

The purpose of this study is to provide and overview and assessment of possible alternative to EPAs in order to clarify the choice of alternative options that ACP countries have, to inform the policy debate and help increase the understanding of the different participants in the negotiation. It is important as well to specify what this study is not about. It does not intend to assess the merits of EPAs. Nor does it attempt to assess whether alternatives are preferable to EPAs or to rank alternative scenarios according to their desirability or likelihood. These are tasks left to the interested stakeholders stakeholders in ACP- EU relations.




Published - February 2006
Food Quality and Safety Standard: A Practitioners' Reference Book,
FOOD PRODUCTS,FOOD STANDARDS,QUALITY MANAGEMENT,QUALITY STANDARDS,

The reference book gives an overview of legislative and private industry market requirement in the European Union for selection product groups such as fresh and processed fruit and vegetables herd and spices as well as dried fruit and nuts. by creating an understanding of basic concepts and instruments in the food sector, it complements crop-specific search tool on import requirement (e.g. Export- heldesk of the EU). Furthermore, the booklet aims at creating awareness and establishing a platform for policy-markers, the business community, relevant contral, reseach and training institutions in development and transtion contries in general with a view of the urgent need to set- up appropriate framework conditions and structures and develop the necessary human capacities for food quality assurance health protection.,


Published - January 2007
Summary of 2006 Private Secor Survey final Report,
CARICOM,SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES,

This report is divided into three sections. Section 1 provides an introduction and background to the survey objectives, project methodology and activities. Section 2 presents details of the Survey Analysis; providing information compiled on the participants, their perspectives on current and future markets of tradeing interests, perceptions of competitiveness and sensitive sectors and an evaluation of current private sector outreach and recommendations for improvement.This report presents an inventory of these real or perceived barriers, cataloguesd in relation to the nature of the challenge as well as the specifiv importing markets where these challenges have been identified. The report comcludes with Section 3 which provides conclusions and recommendations for future action based on the survey.,


Published - December 2006
Strategic plan for the promotion of professional services export in Barbados- Engineering and construction related services,
PROFESSIONAL SERVICES,BARBADOS,PLANNING,MANAGEMENT,ENGINEERING SERVICES,CONSTRUCTION RELATED SERVICES,


Published - Dec 2006
Strategic plan for the promotion of professional services exports in Barbados- Business Development Services,
PROFESSINAL SERVICES,MANAGEMENT,PLANNING BARBADOS,BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT SERVICES,


Published - December 2006
Strategic plan the promotion of professional services exports in barbados- Education services,
PROFESSIONAL SERVICES,BARBADOS,PLANNING MANAGEMENT,EDUCATION SERVICES,EXPORT PROMOTION,


Published - December 2006
Strategic plan for the promotion of professional services exports in Barbados- industry production servics for the entertainment.,
PROFESSIONAL SERVICES,BARBADOS,PLANNING,MANAGEMENT,ENTERTAINMENT SERVICES,EXPORT PROMOTION,


Published - December 2006
The cultural industries in CARICOM trade and development challenges: Draft
CULTURAL INDUSTRIES, CARIBBEAN, CARICOM

The study assess as the economic contribution of the cultural/creative industries in CARICOM and indentify the factors constraining the global competitiveness of the sector, and to analyze the trade and investment issues with a view to formulating a strategic action plan for development of the sector. To this end, the study emphasizes the importance of innovation policy, industrial upgrading and export expansion, as a basis for increased competitiveness. In particular, the study identifies the emerging opportunities and challenges along with the respective strength and weaknesses of the selected sub-sectors, as a means of identifying the strategic areas for innovation and organizational restructuring. This provides a basis upon which governments, regional, organizations, non-governmental development agencies industry associations, cultural entrepreneurs and artist can formulate policy recommendations.




Published - November 2006
Emerging Giants: Building World-Class Companies in Development Countries
TRADE LIBERALISATION, DEVELOPMENT COUNTRIES, BUSINESS PRACTICES

We theorize about, and provide data and analyses on, the challenges faced by Emerging Giants. We mean this term to encompass companies that have their origins in developing countries but have developed business models that allow them to compete with worldclass companies originating worldwide. The paper draws on our existing formal academic work and on our interactions with executives worldwide over the past several years, performs some new empirical analyses on the journey taken by emerging giants, and illustrates general principles through case studies from countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America and Eastern Europe. Finally, the paper is written primarily for a practitioner audience, though it refers to our background scholarly work.




Published - October 2004
Gender Issues in trade policy- making
TRADE POLICY, WOMEN, GENDER, MEN, TRADE LIBERALISATION, LATIN AMERICA, CARIBBEAN

This paper examines the issues that can be taken into account in incorporating a gender perspective into trade policy. Looks at the different characteristics a hributed to men and to woman that may effect therir respective role in trade and reactions to changes in trade policy. Also examines the mean bywhich gender issues have been incorporated into trade policy in the Americes.  For additional information visit http://www.sice.oas.org/Genderandtrade/GenderIssuesinTP_e.asp.




Published - May 2006
Trade in professional services- effective participation by the Commonwealth Secretariat
PROFESSIONAL SERVICES, FOREIGN TRADE

Power Point Presentation which addressed trade in professional services namely:

  • The WTO and the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)
  • What are Professional Services?
  • How are Professional Services Traded
  • The Main Challenges
  • How to address them.
  • Professional Services Promotion Projects - the Trade Section Experience
  • Global trend



Published - May 2006
Export competitiveness in the context of trade negotiations (rev)
EXPORT MARKETING, TRADE NEGOTIATIONS

Export competitiveness in the context of trade negotiations presentation at the regional workshop on export competitiveness strategies,  Amaryllis Hotel, Barbados, May 23-25, 2006.




Published - May 2006
ICTS and the networked economy-some approaches from the Caribbean,
CARIBBEAN,INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES,INFORMATICES,

This publication is an outcome of the workshop on "ICTS and the networked Economy-Training for the new Economy," organised by the Centre for International Services,UWI, Barbados and Commonwealth Secretate held in Antigua and Berbuda on March 6-17, 2006. Reflect the experiences of both the private and private sectors in a Pan Caribbean setting, in addition to the country experiences of Haiti and Suriname. Identifies special studies in Technology options, the diospora, measurement and finacial services amony others.,


Published - April 2006
Successful Services Exporting: Programme Implementations guide for Trade Support Institutions,
ITC,SERVICES,


Published - January 2006
Final report: hot pepper project phase 1 - market research on the viability and export potential of the regional hot pepper Industry
MARKET RESEARCH, PEPPER, CARICOM, USA, CANADA, UNITED KINGDOM, COSTA RICA, MEXICO

This report is an assessment of the competitiveness of CARICOM's hot pepper export markets in the USA, Canada and the UK in relation to competition from Costa Rica and Mexico.  A description is provided of the marketing system for fresh and processed hot pepper in the main producing CARICOM countries. Commercially viable strains of hot pepper were confirmed, based on previous research and countries with a comparative advantage for pepper production identified.  An analysis was conducted of the market demand, competition and potential for hot peppers and hot pepper products by market segments and by selected geographic areas.




Published - May 2004
Export capabilities of the services sector in Trinidad and Tobago- a statistical assessment.,
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO,SERVICES,EXPORT POTENTIAL STATISTICAL DATA,

The survey provides a clearer understanding of the services sector in Trindad and Tobago as well as data on the scope of the country's external participation in services trade both within CARICOM and in the wider global market.,


Published - April 2004
ICT for development: contributing to the millennium development goals: lessons learned from Seventeen infoDev Projects
USA, ICT

This paper provides descriptions of selected Info Dev ICT for development projects and thier impact on poverty. Presents case studies of a cross secton of projects funded by the Info. Dev Care Program, followed by an indepth analysis of the impact and limits of those projects. Also includes experiences gathered by other programs involved in ICT-for-development.  This paper also makes an attempt to include the experience gathered by other programs involved in ICT-for-development. And it makes a specific effort to link the ICT projects to the Millennium Development Goals. It is infoDev’s hope that by sharing such practical experience in an open and candid fashion, it can stimulate the use of ICT as a tool to reach the MDGs in a timely, cost-effective, and imaginative fashion.




Published - November 2003
Market Study on the United Kingdom, Italy and the Netherlands.,
CERTIFICATION.,MARKETING.,ORGANICS.,HORTICULTURAL PRODUCTS.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,UNITED KINGDOM.,ITALY.,NETHERLANDS.,TRANSPORT.,


Published - June 2003
Study on the market access issues re the export of CARICOM services to Canada and the USA,
SERVICES,CARICOM,FOREIGN TRADE,USA,CANADA,FTAA,TRADE AGREEMENTS,

This study identifies and discusses key issues relating to market access to the US and Canada for Service provides form CARICOM, and their implication for the FTAA negatiations.,


Published - April 2003
2000 Population Housing Census.,
STATISTICAL DATA.,BARBADOS.,


Published - Jan 2002
The Caribbean Music Industry
MUSIC, CARIBBEAN

This study seeks to examines the structure and performance of the Caribbean music industy, with a view to identifying a strategy for industrial upgrading and export expansion. Illustrates the importance of industrial upgrading and export expansion. Looks at the strengths and weaknesses of the regional music industry, identifying the key areas of intervention and formulate policy recommendations.




Published - April 2001
The impact of the EU's "Everything but Arms" proposal: A report to Oxfam
EU, CARIBBEAN, INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS, INTERNATIONAL TRADE, DEVEOPING COUNTRIES

This study, provides rigorous analysis that counters the arguments of anti-Everything But Arms (EBA) lobby.  It shows that the costs to the EU of implementing the EBA are very small, in comparison to the positive benefits it will bring for the least-developed countries.   Some developing countries that already benefit from preferential access to the EU market have legitimate concerns about the impact of the EBA on their trade with the EU.  But these concerns can and should be addressed through positive measures, rather than an EU retreat from the EBA proposal.




Published - January 2001
Documentation Handbook. A Guide to exporting from Barbados,
BARBADOS.,DOCUMENTS STANDARDIZATION.,EXPORT REGULATIONS.,

This handbook provides information on documents required when exporting a product. Covers documentation needed for exporting to the Bahamas, CARICOM, British Virgin Islands, Canada, CARICOM countries, Germany, the French Caribbean, Netherland Antilles, Puerto Rico, Suriname, UK, U.S. Virgin Islands and the USA. Gives separate mention to commonly used export documents such as, bill of lading, certificate of origin and commercial invoice. Includes samples of forms used.,


Published - August 2000
é IV: a strategy for ACP-EU relations in teh 21st century.,
LOME.,WTO.,ACP.,INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,

Reviews the trends in international trade policy that affects the Lom,é Convention. Provides examples of agreements in the regional economic partnership agreements and a strategy for the implementation of an ACP desire to extend the WTO waiver on Lomé.,


Published - December, 1999
Implications for developing countries of likely reforms of the common agricultural policy of the European Union.,
EU.,TOBACCO.,SUGAR.,FRUIT AND VEGETABLES.,BEEF.,DAIRY PRODUCTS.,CEREAL PRODUCTS.,BANANAS.,GATT.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,

Looks at the likely changes to the European Union Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in the new millennium. Discusses changes in key CAP commodity regimes and the effects on developing countries.,


Published - December, 1999
The dynamics of export-processing zones.,
EXPORT-PROCESSING ZONES.,ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.,FREE ZONES.,

Using a monopolistic pricing model as benchmark, this paper develops a dynamic framework within which issues concerning the role of export-processing zones in promoting econic openness and trasition is assed. Technological learning and adaptation contribute profoundly to economic development in LDCs; multinational activities tend to generate an externality that facilitates the process of technology transfer and learning. The model sifnifies these critical factors. The study suggests, among other thins, that the concept of export-processing zones may serve as an effective policy means, when implemented properly, in achieving greater economic openness and growth. in this gradual evloving development process, countries that operate export-processing zones may follow a different transitional path and sequence from the one that is often cited in literature.,


Published - December,1999
Competition policy, development and developing countries
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, WTO, INTERNATIONAL TRADE, TRADE PRACTICES

This working paper attempts to shed some light on the inadequacies of the approaches to competition policy advocated by the North, and which are reflected in WTO and increasingly in the UN as well. The paper illustrates that in-depth  academic analysis of the subject of competition policy, when taking into account development priorities and analysing the situation in an integrated and balanced manner, arrives at a set of policy conclusions and approaches which differ substantially from those currently pressed for in the WTO arena. This analysis provides yet one more example of the vital importance for developing countries of overcoming dependence on North-based studies and analyses, and of organizing their own analyses with a view to preparing their views and positions in international debates and negotiations such as those taking place in WTO.

 




Published - November 1999
Investment agreements in the Western hemisphere: a compendium
INVESTMENT, TRADE AGREEMENTS, JOINT VENTURES

The first section of this Compendium covers the key provisions of 58 bilateral investment treaties signed between countries of the region.  The second section is devoted to the investment provisions included in the multilateral trade and integration arrangements found in the Western Hemisphere: NAFTA, G-3, the two Mercosur investment protocols, Decision 291 of the Andean Pact, and CARICOM. The third section examines the investment provisions in the Bolivia-Mexico, Costa Rica-Mexico and Canada-Chile FTAs, and the fourth section looks at the Chile-Mexico, Mexico-Nicaragua, and the Central America-Dominican Republic FTAs. Building on the methodology used by the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), the Compendium covers seven elements: scope of application, admission, treatment, transfers, expropriation, settlement of disputes between Contracting Parties, and settlement of disputes between a Contracting Party and an investor. Visit http://www.ftaa-alca.org/ngroups/ngin/publications/english99/main.asp for additional information.




Published - October 1999
Competition policy, developing countries and the World Trade Organisation
WTO, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, COMPETITION POLICY, TRADE POLICY

In this paper we review the Competition Policy from a developing country perspective. We start with some definitions of terms and a discussion of the point of view of the main protagonists at the WTO: the EU, US, Japan and the newly industrialized countries of East Asia. We then consider the case for national competion legislation in developing countries and their potential interests in multilateral disciplines in this area. The major options that may be pursued at the multilateral level are summarized.




Published - October 1999
Trade liberalisation in a dynamic setting: implications of new WTO Round
TRADE LIBERALISATION, WTO

This paper explores the impacts of the new WTO Round of trade liberalization over the period 2000 to 2010, using the model that allows for short run unemployment, adjustment costs in capital formation, international flows of financial assets and forwrd looking expectations of the announced policy changes. The focus of the paper is on dynamic adjustment from 2000 to 2020 and the implications for short run global adjustment. So as to provide a metric for judging the scale of the results, the results are compared topolicy in which there is a transfer of foreign aid to Asia Crisis countries. This policy is normalized so that the present value of consumption is equal for the recipient countries under both policies. The trade reforms lead to much global consumption for the same return to the Asia Crisis countries.  In addition, the paper considers the endogeniety of total factor productivity growth in manufacturing industries to changes in tariffs. This implements, in general equilibrium, the empirical results in Chand (1999). It is shown that these effects can lead to large gains to trade liberalization relative to the standard assumption of exogenous TFP growth but also can accentuate the adjustment process with short term policy implications.




Published - September 1999
Intellectual property legal guide.,
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC.,TRADEMARKS.,PATENTS.,

This publication offers information regarding Dominican legislation on trademarks, tradenames, patents, industrial design an dutility models and provides a detailed description of the required administrative procedures. References to the Bill on Intellectual Propoerty posed by the World Intellectual Property Organisation, complete the general overview offered in this guide.,


Published - August, 1999
How has regionalism in the 1990's affected trade?,
NAFTA.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,TRADE LIBERALISATION.,MERSOUR.,PREFERENTIAL TRADE AGREEMENTS.,PREFENTIAL TARIFFS.,

This paper uses the growing model to assess recent developments in prefrential trade agreements.,


Published - August, 1999
Financial services in the trading system: progress and prospects
WTO, NAFTA, SERVICES

Explains the distinction between trade in financial services and capital flows. Discusses the growth and development of disciplines on services in the world trading system and assesses the treatment of financial services in the process.




Published - July 1999
Protocol No. 1 Lomé IV Convention - The Rules of Origin manual for the use of officials, exporters and producers
LOME, RULES OF ORIGIN

The purpose of this manual is to provide an understandable reference guide to Protocol No. 1. It is not intended to replace Protocol No. 1, but to be used with it. Its aim is that as an exporter, producer or official of the Customs Authorities, you will be able to interpret and apply Protocol No. 1 more easily by reference to this manual. Its objectives are to ensure that as an exporter or producer you: are fully aware of the conditions to be complied with to secure preferential access to the Community; understand how products can be "originating" either by being "wholly obtained" or by undergoing "sufficient working or processing"; understand the documentation for declaration of the origin of products; and are aware of the benefits to you and your customer of preferential access to the Community.




Published - July 1999
What are the implications of Raymen Vernon''s Product Cycle Model of Parental Control and Supervision over subsidiaries for the growth and Welfare of host countires in the developing world?,
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,ECONOMICS.,TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS.,


Published - 1999
Globalization with a human face: perspectives from Latin America and the Caribbean.,
GLOBALISATION.,LATIN AMERICA.,CARIBBEAN.,TRADE LIBERALISATION.,


Published - 1999
Trade policy in CARICOM: overview of the main trade policy measure,
CARICOM,TRADE POLICY,

This paper reviews trade policy regimes in CARICOM countries during the 1980s and 1990s. CARICOM trade policy regimes have undergone substantial changes in the 1990s reflecting the desire of the group's member countries to move away from inward-looking to more outward-oriented growth and development. The growing recognition of the importance of export promotion policies led to the adoption of a programme for the Harmonozation of fiscal Incentive to Industry in 1993. All the CARICOM countries have introduced a series of exprt promotion measures, including fiscal incentive regimes and export financing schemes.,


Published - 1999
Approaches to charging for trade information services.,
INFORMATION SERVCIES.,PRICES.,


Published - Feb, 1999
Recent trade performances of Caribbean countries.,
CARIBBEAN.,FOREIGN TRADE.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS.,NAFTA.,CHILE.,MERCOSUR.,EUROPEAN UNION.,CACM.,CAF.,


Published - 1999
Foreign trade statistics - A guide for their use in market research.,
STATISTICAL DATA.,FOREIGN TRADE.,

Preparation and contents of trade statistics: nomenclatures (commodity, services, country), reliability of trade ststistics. Sources of trade statistics (national and internatinal sources, like COMEXT, COMTRADE, PC-TAS, TRADSTAT, World Trade Atlas), availability on CD-ROMs, on teh internet and on-line databases. Tools for analyzing trade statistics: basic indicators (level of aggregation, currency, growth rates, trends), economi,c indicators (trade ratios, concentration, diversification, and competitiveness indicators), trade forecasts (exprapolative methods, source of professional forcasts), software for analyzing and presenting trade statistics. Examples of applications: from the enterprise perspective (identification of new export market, market diversification strategies) and from the trade promotion perspective (national trade performance, priority setting).,


Published - 1999
Trade rules in the making: challenges in regional and multilateral negotiations.,
FREE TRADE AREA.,ECONOMIC INTEGRATION.,REGIONAL COOPERATION.,

This volume includes papers prepared for a joint project undertaken by the OAS, Georgetown University and the WTO. The book targets the key trade issues on the agenda. Addresses trade and trade-related policy issues that are relevant in both the regional and multilateral context as well as matters such as non-reciprocal preference schemes.,


Published - 1999
SME Cluster and Network Development in Developing Countries: The Experience of UNIDO,
SME,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES,CLUSTER,HONDURAS,NICARAGUA,MEXICO,JAMAICA,

This paper describes the background and experience of the UNIDO technical assistance programme for SME networking. Draws conclusions on the methodological steps and principles of UNIDO. Provides information on lessons learnt and highlights the significant issues that emerged and might prove useful in further applications.,


Published - 1999
WTO Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement: Issues for Developing Countries,
PHYTOSANITARY,SANITARY,SPS AGREEMENT,


Published - 1999
The impact of trade liberalisation and fluctuation of commodity prices on Government finances: The case pf St. Lucia.,
TRADE LIBERALIZATION.,BANANAS.,ST. LUCIA.,PRICES.,

This paper provides an assessment of the effects of trade liberalization and fluctuations in banana prices on government finances in St. Lucia. Also highlights the importance of banana exports to the economy.,


Published - 1999
How Stronger Protection of Intellectual Property Rights Affects International Trade Flows,
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY,PATENTS,

Considerations of political economy favor higher standards of protection for intellectual property rights. But does stronger protection of intellectual property rights have a positive impact on international trade flows? Yes in the case of nonfuel trade in general, but no evidence is found for trade in high-technology goods. Intellectual property rights affect international trade flows when protected goods move across national boundaries. And intellectual property rights have grown in importance as the share of knowledge-intensive or high-technology products in international trade has doubled (from 12 percent in 1980 to 24 percent in 1994). Fink and Braga report new evidence about how protecting intellectual property rights affects international trade flows of nonfuel trade products. Employing a gravity model of bilateral trade, they estimate the effects of increased protection on a cross-section of 89 x 88 countries. To address estimation problems associated with zero trade flows between countries, they adopt a bivariate distributed probit regression model. Their results confirm previous findings: Stronger protection of intellectual property rights increases bilateral trade flows of manufactured nonfuel imports. But the results do not hold for trade flows in high technology, where the effect of protecting intellectual property rights was found to be insignificant. This paper - a joint product of the Science and Technology Thematic Group and the Energy, Mining, and Telecommunications Department - is part of a larger effort in the Bank to assess the impact of intellectual property rights on economic development. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=569254,


Published - February, 1999
Micro-and small- enterprise (MSE) finance in CARICOM.,
CARICOM.,SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES.,FINANCING.,


Published - 1999
Curacao exporters guide.,
CURACAO.,MANUAL.,NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.,


Published - 1999
Intranets and push technology: creating an information storing enviroment.,
INFORMATION SYSTEMS.,INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.,INFORMATICS.,INFORMATION SCIENCES.,


Published - 1999
"The value added tax: its relevance to the member countries of the ECCB".,
OECS.,NON TARIFF BARRIERS.,IMPORTS REGULATION.,

This paper examines the theoretical and practical aspects of the VAT to determine its applicability to the member countries of the ECCB. Section 1 focuses on the theoretical aspects of the VAT, while section 11, examines the pratical issues relating to the implementation of the tax. The experience of T,&,T, and Grenada in the implementation of the tax is also examined. The paper concludes with some reccommendations for implemeting the VAT for the member countries of the ECCB.,


Published - 1999
Business guide to the world trading system. 2nd ed.,
TRADE AGREEMENTS.,WTO.,TRADE LIBRALIZATION.,

Updated version of Business Guide to the Uruguay Round 1995 ed., reviewing developments that hae taken place between 1996 and 1999-provides overallof the WTO system:explains role of WTo as a forum for negotiations and as an organizationfor settling trade disputes: presents rules applicable to trade in goods as embodied in GATT 1994 and its associate Agreements; reviews the main features of the General Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights; provides an overview of issues under discussion in the six trade-related subject areas added to the WTO work programme; chapters provide an analysis of the business implications of the issues covered.,


Published - 1999
Trade in information technology products and the WTO Agreements: current situation and views of exporters in developing countries.,
ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT.,COMPUTERS.,SOFTWARE.,TELECOMMUNICATIONS.,SERVICES.,URUGUAY ROUND.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,

Market study of information technology (IT) products - reviews trade patterns, technological trends and market opportuinties for telecommunication and electronic data processing equipment, semiconductor devices, semiconductor manufacturing equipment and computer software; examines impact of WTO Agreements on It products, manufacturers and exporters in developing countries and makes recommendations on technical a,ssiatance programmes to improve It market access.,


Published - 1999
Integrated tariff of the United Kingdom Vols 1-3.,
UNITED KINGDOM.,TARIFFS.,


Published - 1999
"The growth potential of trade among developing countries: Insights for CARICOM".,
CARICOM.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,TRADE.,FOREIGN TRADE.,TRADE LIBERALIZATION.,CARIBBEAN.,


Published - 1999
Tackling national competitiveness in a borderless world: Policy paper series No.1,
COMMONWEALTH.,TRADE POLICY.,WTO.,GATT.,TRADE PRACTICES.,

Focuses on the improvements of competitiveness and competitiveness strategies in Commonwealth countries and contributes greatly to a debate which is becoming increasingly significant for all countries of the world.,


Published - 1999
"Building a competitive advantage: the case for offshore financial centres in CARICOM States".,
CARICOM.,TRADE PRACTICES.,BARBADOS.,INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.,

Paper examines the constraints that pose potential problems for teh region's newly emerging offshore financial centres (OFCs). Outlines a model which can aid Caribbean OFCs in building their competitive advantage and upon which an assessment of Barbados experience as a CARICOM OFCs is based, so as to illustrate the model's applicability. Concludes a systematic framework for building international competitive and sustainable OFCs within CARICOM.,


Published - 1999
"The new international economic environment: the WTO and implications for the OECS".,
CARICOM.,WTO.,OECS.,INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION.,GATT.,GATS.,TRIPS.,INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,TRADE LIBERALIZATION.,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS.,


Published - 1999

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