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Pharmaceuticals and natural health products: Canadian market report.,
PHARMACEUTICALS.,CANADA.,IMPORT REGULATIONS.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,MEDICAMENTS.,

Examines the Canadian import market for pharmaceutical products. Looks at trade practices, distribution and import regulations. Annex includes additional sources of information in Canada.,


Published - 2003
Exporting to the EU: an Introduction to developments trends and doing business in the EU.,
Foreign Trade,Trade opportunties,EU,


Published - 2006
Market report: canned and frozen fruits and vegetables.,
PROCESSED FOOD.,FRUIT.,VEGETABLES.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,IMPORT REGULATIONS.,

Covers items classified under the harmonised system (HS) for canned fruit and vegetables imported into Canada. Excludes foods such as juices and concentrates. Provide information on the general characteristics of the Canadian market for imported products. Covers distribution, import regulations and requirements, competition, quality, and packaging and labelling requirements. Annex includes publications and trade shows.,


Published - 2002
The report: The Bahamas 2009,
BAHAMAS,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS,


Published - 2009
Handicrafts export guide,
HANDICRAFTS,EXPORT GUIDE,WEST AFRICA,USA,EUROPE,

The Export Guide is organized into five sections: I. Product Development Phase. While this is the first phase in exporting handicrafts it is also a continuous process. II. Export Preparation Phase. What to do prior to putting a product on the market. III. Order Negotiations Phase. Negotiating price, terms and conditions, and agreements. Includes a brief section on the different ways to pre-finance an order. IV. Order Execution Phase. Outlines the steps to successfully executing an order, from acquiring the raw materials, to organizing production, to storing the finished product. V. Export Procedures. Overview of documentation necessary for export and packing. VI. After the Order. Evaluating the process – what went well and what did not. Includes tips on building trust and confidence with the buyer.,


Published - 2006
Market report: fresh fruits and vegetables.,
FRUIT.,VEGETABLES.,CANADA.,IMPORT REGULATIONS.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,

Covers the general characteristics of the import market for fruit and vegetables in Canada. Looks at distribution, import regulations and requirements, competition, transportation, packaging, labelling, quality and price. Annex includes publications, trade shows and other sources of information in Canada.,


Published - 2002
Trade policy standards and development in Central America.,
TRADE POLICY.,STANDARDS.,CENTRAL AMERICA.,NON-TARIFF BARRIERS.,

This paper reviews the role of standards and trade in the region and suggests areas of priority reform from a trade policy perspective in a new and increasingly important area of public policy and development.,


Published - 2001
Skills for the 21st century in Latin America and the Caribbean,
LATIN AMERICA,CARIBBEAN,SKILLS,HUMAN RESOURCES,ECONOMICS,EDUCATION,TRAINING,SOCIAL PROTECTION,

Skills for the 21st Century in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) shows how the expansion of education systems is contributing to increased economic growth and helping to improve income distribution and reduce poverty—and asks what needs to be done to reinforce these trends. The book unravels the links among education, training, and labor market outcomes. It shows that, over the last decade, declining earnings premia for higher levels of education have been an important factor in helping to reduce inequality. The good news is that the main factor behind reduced earnings premia is a shift in the balance of supply and demand for skills and not a decline in learning achievement. These positive fi ndings suggest that LAC might at last be catching up in the race between education and technology. However, the study also documents causes for concern. A large achievement gap between LAC and the advanced economies and East Asia augers badly for the region’s competitive potential—and skill shortages might already be constraining the region’s growth potential. The industries that have expanded most in recent years are users of traditional cognitiveabilities rather than industries that demand “new economy” skills, such as high-level analytical and organizational leadership skills. A shortage of such skills might be pushing the region away from the development of cutting-edge industries. This dynamic highlights the urgent need to address problems of quality and market relevance in secondary and tertiary education.,


Published - February, 2012
From right to reality: incentives, labor markets, and the challenges of universal social protection in Latin America and the Caribbean,
CARIBBEAN,LATIN AMERICA,LABOUR,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS,

Inequality and entrenched poverty has been decreasing in countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, due in signifi cant part to expansion of social protection programs within the region. Innovations such as well-targeted conditional cash transfer programs and noncontributory pensions or health insurance systems have been adopted by several countries. Yet several challenges remain. The majority of informal sector workers lack access to social protection; programs tend to be fragmented and operate with little or no coordination; and redistributive arrangements are nontransparent and can distort labor markets by inducing informality, lowering labor participation, or producing longer unemployment spells. From Right to Reality: Incentives, Labor Markets, and the Challenge of Universal Social Protection in Latin America and the Caribbean addresses these challenges in a thorough yet accessible manner. Building on careful, detailed analysis of a wealth of data, this book takes stock of current social protection systems in the Latin America and the Caribbean region, highlighting their interaction with labor markets. The book presents an in-depth assessment of the main social protection programs including pensions, health, unemployment insurance, active labor market interventions, and safety net transfers. A central theme is that a well-functioning social protection system must take into account both the realities of labor markets, including high levels of informal sector employment where governments are unable to impose compulsory social insurance, and the eff ects of policies on the behavior of their benefi ciaries, employers, and service providers. Of interest to policy makers, academics, and practitioners, From Right to Reality presents practical recommendations to expand the coverage of social protection programs, improve their design, and create conditions that enable more and better jobs.,


Published - 2012
Fresh Fruits and Vegetables Import Manual,
FRUITS,VEGETABLES,IMPORTS,MARKET ACCESS,USA,MANUAL,

The Fruits and Vegetables Import Manual provides the import requirements for regulating imported articles of fresh, usable parts of plants such as fruits, stems, leaves, roots, and flowers (herbs and vegetables). These imported articles are not intended for planting or growing, but they might serve to introduce exotic pests.,


Published - 2012
Market News Service: marketing information for cut flowers in America.,
FLOWERS.,USA.,MARKETING RESEARCH.,


Published - Feb, 2000
Consumer Conscience: How Environment and Ethics are Influencing Exports.,
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY,FAIR TRADE,COMPETITIVENESS,EXPORT STRATEGY,

Report reflecting views, examples and suggestions on how exporters can benefit from the emerging opportunities in the area of ethical trade, as expressed by the participants of the ITC World Export Development Forum, “Consumers, Ethics and Environment”, Montreux, Switzerland, 8-11 October,2008 discusses the concept of “ethical consumerism” across the entire supply chain; innovation in meeting consumer demand for products created by ethically and environmentally acceptable means; public and private standards; sustainability-related finance, social entrepreneurship, and transparency via the Internet; global partnership in the service of poverty reduction and development, and the role of women in business; outlines ways in which governments and trade support institutions can help ethical traders.,


Published - 2009
The EPA Made Easy: A Guide for Business Owners, Managers and Workers to the CARIFORUM-European Union Economic Partnership Agreement
EPA, TRADE AGREEMENTS, CARIFORUM, EUROPEAN UNION, COTONOU AGREEMENT, LOME, RULES OF ORIGIN, CUSTOMS AND TRADE FACILITATION, AGRICULTURE, BARRIERS TO TRADE, INVESTMENT, BARBADOS

The intended purpose of this guide is to provide business owners, managers and workers and the wider community with a thorough coverage of the CARIFORUM-European Union Economic Partnership Agreement. Insights will also be provided into the roles and responsibilities of various local support organisations and regional private-public sector institutions which have crucial roles to play in the implementation of the EPA, as well as information on on-going programmes and initiatives which will enable the necessary capacity-building within the private sector.




Published - 2012
Implementing the market approach ro enterprise support: an evaluation of ten matching grant schemes.,
SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES.,OECD.,ENTERPRISE SUPPORT.,

This paper is concerned with how interventions can be made more cost effective in terms of sustainability and development impact by targeting the existing capacity within an economy to provide services to enterprises.,


Published - 2001
Market research study: Summary of recommendations for Belize minerals Ltd.,
CARICOM.,STATISTICAL DATA.,FOREIGN TRADE STATISTICS.,

Provides primarily aggregate statistical data under the following broad headings: total trade, trade of individual CARICOM countries, intra CRICOM trdae, intra CARICOM trade of individual CARICOM countries and comparison of intra CARICOM trade with total trade.,


Published - 2001
SMALL-SCALE INDUSTRY.,SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES.,


Published - 2004
Support for the Forum of Caribbean ACP States (CARIFORUM) in the Areas of Agriculture and Fisheries in Relation to the Implementation of the Commitments Undertaken, and Opportunities Created by the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA),
CARIBBEAN,ACP STATES,CARIFORUM,AGRICULTURE,FISHERIES,ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT, EPA


Published - 2010
Doing Business 2011: Making a difference for entrepreneurs
TRADE PRACTICES, TRADE OPPORTUNITIES, INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES, BUSINESS CUSTOM, CROSS BORDER TRADING

Doing Business 2011 is the eighth in a series of annual reports investigating the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Doing Business presents quantitative indicators on business regulations and the protection of property rights that can be compared across 183 economies—from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe—and over time. Regulations affecting 11 areas of the life of a business are covered: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, registering property, getting credit, protecting investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts, closing a business, getting electricity and employing workers. The getting electricity and employing workers data are not included in the ranking on the ease of doing business in Doing Business 2011. Data in Doing Business 2011 are current as of June 1, 2010. The indicators are used to analyze economic outcomes and identify what reforms have worked, where and why.




Published - 2010
Secrets of Electronic Commerce: A Guide for Small and Medium-Sized Exporters. – 2nd ed
SMEs, ELECTRONIC COMMERCE, MARKETING, E-PROCUREMENT

Guide focusing on Internet-based services with regard to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) – identifies SME issues and constraints related to electronic commerce; explains how to develop an e-commerce strategy and conduct online market research; outlines marketing and online communication techniques; answers questions on legal and financial issues; highlights characteristics of successful websites; deals with technical, policy and country-specific issues; online procurement; describes role of ITC in providing assistance in e-commerce, as well as programmes and services offered by other international bodies; includes bibliographical references.




Published - 2009
Revised Treaty of Chaguaramas establish the Caribbean including the CARICOM Single Market and Economy.,
CARIBBEAN.,CARICOM.,REGIONAL COOPERATION.,TRADE POLICY.,


Published - 2002
Doing business with Panama
PANAMA, TRADE PRACTICES, TRADE FACILITATION, TRADE OPPORTUNITIES, TRADE POLICY, IMPORT POLICY

This document provides an overview of socio-ecomonic conditions in the Panama. Looks at government's attitude and incentives, the business environment, investment climate, market access conditions, general marketing factors and cultural practices in the country. Also provides general information including population, geography, political system and transport infrastructure within the Panama.




Published - February 2008
Market report beverages.,
CANADA.,BEVERAGES.,NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.,ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.,CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR.,IMPORT REGULATIONS.,PRICES.,ADVERTISING.,QUALITY CONTROL.,

This document introduces the potential exporter to the Canadian market for beverages. Highlights key consumer trends in beverages. Looks at the Canadian regulatory environment and gives emphasis on the role of marketing agents, provincial listings, policies distribution, promotion guidelines, pricing and taxation issues and product requirements as they relate to Canadian Federal Government regulations on the importation of alcoholic beverages. Includes appendix showing pertinent government contacts, trade shows with locations and samples of major regulatory documents.,


Published - 2002
2Caribbean librarise in the 21st century: changes, challenges, and choices,
INFORMATION SERVICES,CARIBBEAN,

The collection of paper is an electric mix of topics approaches and styles. Topics include the traditional public, school, academic and special libraries as well as the challenges associated with modern technological applications and the issues involved in the delivery of services in the modern information environment.,


Published - 2007
National Strategic development plan: Grenda,
GRENADA,ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT,NATIONAL PLANS,

This plan addresses a range of issues, goals, stratrgies objectives and actions that are strategic in charting the course towards the social and economic advancement of Grenada, Cariacou and petot Martinique,


Published - 2008
The Guide: Suriname Business advisory 2007-2008,
SURINAME,ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT,INVESTMENT REFULATIONS,

Provides information on business opportunites for, Jout ventures insurance provides overview of the economy namely bauxite, forestry, gold, oil, fisher, agriculture, tourism ,and includes information on the government structures, legal system, taxes and customs information on the government structures, legal system, taxes and customs information on the government structures, legal system, taxes and customs. Also includes addresses contact information for important agencies.,


Published - 2008
Morginalisation of LDC and small vulnerable states in world trade.,
LEAST- DEVELOPED COUNTRIES,INTERNATIONAL TRADE,MERCHANIDISING,EXPORT MARKETING,


Published - 2004
Finance for small and medium-sized enterprises in the Caribbean,
FINANCE,SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES,CARIBBEAN,

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are seen as the engine of economic growth and employment creation in the Caribbean, as on other part of the world. This study explores the difficulties such enterprises have in accessing long-term financing and how these could be overcome. The book reports the results of a survey of SMEs from ten Caribbean countries, and a parallel study of lending institutions that might be expecting to offer finance for this sector.,


Published - 2006
Breaking into new market: emerging lessons for export diversification,
EXPORT DIVERSIFICATION,TRADE POLICY,FOREIGN TRADE,

This book takes a fresh look at export diversification. It concludes that much of the recent literature, though novel, has focused excessively on simply adding new products to export portfolios. One branch of these studies center in the "discovery" of exports, and it argues that the threat of entry (imitation) leads to an underinvestment in bringing new products to the global market. Anther analytical branch focuses on changing the content of an export portfolio to mirror the export of the countries with higher incomes on the grounds that these lead to lead to higher productivity. Both strands implicitly point to the need for careful yet active government policies. while such policies are important, this book argues for a more comprehensivetrade policy strategy0 one that takes into account improving the quality of existing exports, breaking into new geographic markets, and increasing services exports,


Published - 2009
Gaining Productivity,
BARBADOS,PRODUCTIVITY,MANAGEMENT,

With a model-focused approach and supporting empirical evidence, Gaining productivity present commanding research, wide-ranging analyses, monitorable indicators, compelling finding, usefull insights and fresh vitality in relation to the core issue of productivity in barbados within the larger context of the caribbean and the international community. The work recognizes not only competitiveness and leadership but also equity, participation and empowerment, does not overplay the instrumental- managerial orientation and empowerment, does not overplay the instrumental- managerial orientation to productivity, and opposes productivit's redustion into power, control and hegemony. With motivation and productivity- the central bastions of the work- Gaining productivity aims at searing deep into mass consciousness,


Published - 2007
Fisheries access agreement: Trade and development issues,
FISHERIES,TRADE AGREEEMENT,FISH,FISH PRODUCTS,

This issue paper- published in the context of the ICTSD project on fisheries, International Trade and Sustainable Development- aims to contribute to this debate in an effort to develop traderalated fisheries policies and rules that are supportive of both resource management and livelihoods objectives. Provides an overview of different types of fisheries access agreements and assesses their socio-economic and sustainablity impacts, including on employment, value- addition, competitiveness and stock levels. Examines a range of policy options for addressing access fess in the fisheries subsidies negotiations, negotiating fisheries access agreements, and setting up domestic policies to enable development countries to exploit their own fisheries resources.,


Published - 2006
Aquaculture:issue and opportunities for sustainable Production and trade,
TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,FOREIGH TRADE,PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT,AQUACULTURE,

This paper assesses current and future trends in global aquaculture production and explores the social and economic issues arising from the increased production and trade in aquaculture and how they could be addressed. concludes by idetifying a number of policy implication and options for sustainable aquaculture development.,


Published - 2006
Health tourism and related services: Caribbean development and international trade.,
HEALTH AND SOCIAL SERVICES.,TOURISM.,CARIBBEAN.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,

The study focuses on the prospects for developing trade in health tourism services and identifying trade begotiations objectives and strategy. The specific areas of health tourism that are under examination are convalescent care an drehabilitation, health and welness programmes such as use of spas, drug and alcohol dependency programmes; the use of local health services by tourists; cosmetic surgery and telemedicine.,


Published - 2001
Best Practices in Investment Instruments,
INVESTMENT,FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT,CHILE,DOMINICAN REPUBLIC,CARICOM,IRELAND,MAURITIUS,NAFTA,MERSOCUR,EUROPEAN UNION,ASEAN,APEC,DISPUTE SETTLEMENT,

The report has been divided in three main sections that will cover the following topics: I. An enumeration of the laws and principles in case study countries that appear to constitute best practice investment policy and will include an extensive comparative analysis and illustrative examples. A benchmarking analysis comparing CARICOM investment practices with those of other model countries. II. A discussion and analysis of the methods and processes used by diverse states and regional groupings to achieve investment policy harmonization. III. A draft of investment policy principles for the consideration of CARICOM States, and procedural options that could be employed by the Community to achieve policy harmonization.,


Published - 2003
ITC Incorporated Joint Venture Model Agreement,
CONTRACTS,JOINT VENTURES,COMMERCIAL LAW,

Set of model agreements laying down the provision for joint venture parties,prior to creating a joint venture compan- sets out the arrangement for the formation of new jointly owned companies and their operation,


Published - 2005
Financing Service Exports,
EXPORT FINANCING,SERVICES,TRADE IN SERVICES,CASE STUDIES,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES,

Guild analysing the role of financing SME serice exports, showing how the potential of service export in developing and trainsition economies can be enhanced through easier access to finance- provides an overview of export potential of services; outline distinctive feactures of the service sector; examines majort financing bottlenecks for small and nedium-sixed services providers; considers traditional and innovative instrument for financing services export; provides case studies on financing of services export in various sectors, and select countries; includes bibliography(p 58- 59,


Published - 2006
France for Trade,
TRADE FINANCING,EXPORT CREDIT INSURANCE,CREDIT INFORMATION,BANKING,ELECTRONIC COMMERCE,ELECTRONIC PAYMENT,

Guide describing appropriate mechanisms and instruments that could be adapted and introduced by developing and transition economies to help improve the financing of trade by the private sector, with particular refernces to small and medium enterprise (SMEs) provides examples of best practice for such mechanisms and instruments, and includes a table setting out the current state of trade finance infrastrust infrastructure in developing countries and transition econmies; sets guidelines on the methodology for implementing the intreduction of approperiately designed instruments, mechanisms and institutions for the financing of trade: includes a list of bibliographical references, and useful web resources (p127-129),


Published - 2006
International Trade Centre UNCTAD/WTO (ITC),
QUALITY MANAGEMENT,STANDARDIZATION,STANDARDS,SERVICES,

Workbook presenting a set of questions, checklist and planning guides, to be used as a tool for streamlining the internal process of conformities to ISO 9001: 2000 standard, by professional service organization in development countries- providrs overview of ISO 9001:2000 as an international quality management framework; focuses on internal decisions, discussions and the planning needed in applying ISO 9001:2000 concept, and for creating necessary quality management system in asmall service organization include selected list of information sources on ISO quality management systems, tips for working with external consultants, sample internal aduit checklist for a 'vertical' audit, and sample questions to help staff prepate for on-site external audit.,


Published - 2005
The European Union, Latin American and the Caribbean a Strategic Partnership.,
EUROPEAN UNION,CARIBBEAN,lATIN AMERICA,ECONOMIC COOPERATION,DEVELOPMENT AID,

PTO,This brochure give a brief, factual presentation of the richness of the partnership between the European Union, Latin America and the Caribbean, its background and recent developments. It consists of thematic fact sheets focusing on the main aspects of the strategic partnership and how it has developed, and describes the political, trade and cooperation relations between the EU and each sub-region, as as humanitarian aid.,


Published - 2004
Exchanging value- regoliating technolgy licensing agreement: a training manual,
LICENSING,INTELELLECTUAL PROPERTY,

This manual Focuses on the identification and acquisition, or transfe, through licencing of technology that is owned by another by virtue of an intellectual property right. Provides guidance on negotiating technology licencing contracts and explains a number of basic rules related to common standard legal concerns and offers practical tips for embarking on such a exescise.,


Published - 2006
Manufactured foods: canadian market report,
CANADA,MARKETING RESEARCH,MANUFACTURED TRADE PRACTICES,PRODUCTS,FOODS,CONFECTIONERY,POULTRY,MEAT PRODUCTS,IMPORT REGULATIONS,

This report provides information on the market for manufactured food in Canada. Covers baked goods, confectionery products, speciality,Poultry and meat products. Discusses trade practices, distribution and Import regulations. Includes list of trade shows and useful publications.,


Published - 2003
Handicrafts: Canadian market report,
CANADA,

This report provides information on the market for handicrafts in Canada. Covered handicraft products including basketwork, artificial/lowers wood statuettes, sculptures,had women tapes tries and orginal prints and lithographs. Discusses trade practices, distribution and import regulations Includes list of trade shoes and useful publications.,


Published - 2003
Fashion accessories and jewellery: Canadian market report,
CANADA,MARKETING RESEARCH,JEWELLERY,IMPORT REGULATIONS,TRADE PRACTICES,

This report provides information on the canadian market for fashion accessories and jewellery. Covers silver jewellery, costume, imitation, nonmetal and jewellery of precious metals. Discusses trade practices, distribution and import regulations includes Lists of trade shows and useful publications.,


Published - 2004
An analysis of maritime transport and its cost for the Caribbean.,
MARITIME TRANSPORT, CARIBBEAN, FOREIGN TRADE, TRANSPORT

Investigates the international trade of various Caribbean transport countries by looking at the different aspects of the transport element involved. Analyses the determinants that impact on maritime costs. Provides recommendations of possible areas for future activities aimed at facilitating foreign trade and maritime transport.




Published - 2000
Floriculture: Caradian market report,
CANADA,MARKETING RESEARCH,IMPORT REGULATIONS,FLORICULTURE,TRADE PRACTICES,

This report provides informationon the Canadian Floriculture market. Coners Fresh cut flowers, foliage, rose, mushroom spawn, Rhododendrons and azalaleas and nosses and lichens. Disuses trade practices, distribution and import regulalions. Inclucles list of trade shows ans useful publications.,


Published - 2008
World directory of Importers' Associations.,
DIRECTORY.,IMPORT PROMOTION,TRADE ASSOCIATIONS,IMPORTERS,TRADE SUPPORT INSTITUTIONS,

Directory of importers' associations and other official entities that undertake activities/services for import of goods, with international coverage - provides a list of non sector-specific associations, by region, and an alphabetical list of associations, by sector, with full contact details. Also available at: http://www.intracen.org/tradinst/welcome.htm.,


Published - 2009
Services Canadian Market report,
SERVICES,CANADA,MARKETING RESEARCH,

This report descrides the services environment in Canada and provides background information developing a strategy for entering the Canadian market and understanding the nature of service industry in Canada.,


Published - 2008
World tariff profiles 2009,
WTO,STATISTICS,TARIFFS,TRADE NEGOTIATIONS,MARKET ACCESS CONDITIONS,

The publication is presented in three main parts. The fi rst part shows summary statistics for all countries and territories for all products, as well as a break-down into agricultural and non-agricultural products. The second part shows for each of these countries and territories, one full page with disaggregation by sectors and duty ranges. It also contains a section on the market access conditions faced in their respective major export markets. The third part contains a summary table on concessions on Other Duties and Charges (ODCs).,


Published - 2009
"International competitiveness and public policy in the Caribbean".,
CARIBBEAN.,COMPETITIVENESS.,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS.,ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.,CARICOM.,


Published - 2000
"The economic development of the OECS in the emerging international economic order".,
OECS.,INTERNATIONAL TRADE.,CARIBBEAN.,TRADE LIBERALISATION.,GLOBALISATION.,WTO.,NAFTA.,


Published - 2000
Commonwealth business forum: workings strategies and investment Perspectives Commonwealth Business Forum: working strategies and investment perspectives of target sectors in the Caribbean,
INVESTMENT,CARIBBEAN,

This report sets out the thinking of Caribbean business leaders on the investment issues facing the Caribbean. The meeting brought together 50 regional business and government leaders to discuss the critical issues to be addressed at the business forum in November, build new partnerships, and learn how best to align business plans with global trends and best practice.,


Published - 2009
Redifining trade promotion: the need for a strategic response
TRADE PROMOTION, EXPORT PROMOTION, EVALUATION

Summary of discussions held at the Executive Forum on National Export Strategies, organised by International Trade Centre, Annecy, France, 26-29 September, 1999. Assesses what a national export strategy should encompass with regard to dynamics of current international market environment. Looks at process of strategy development and management reviewing basic questions of leadership and ownership. Examines types of institutions linkages and functional relations required for effective formulation and implementation of broad-based strategies. Reviews techniques and issues related to utility and impact assessment of national export strategies. Explores implications of electronic commerce, increasing dominance of multinationals and global outsourcing for national export strategies. Hard copy only.




Published - 2000
Fisheries, international trade and sustainable development,
FISHERY PRODUCTS,FOREIGN TRADE,INTERNATIONAL TRADE,SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT,

This Policy Discuession Paper aims to help foster an inclusive and informed process for crafting multilateral, regional and domectic trade rules and policies in the fisheries sector that are supportive multilateral, regiona; and domestic trade rules and policies in the fisheries sector that are supportive of sustainable development. To this end, the paper provide a comprehensive assessment of the complex set of trade policy issues and tools that bear on the sustainability and development of the fisheries sector.,


Published - 2006
Market access and trade liberation in fisheries,
FISH,FISHERY PRODUCTS,

This issue paper- aims to contribute to these debate in an effort to develop fisheries- related trade policies and rules that are supportive of both resource management and livelihoods objectives. Explores existing constraints faced by developing countries in international fish trade (on both the demand and supply side), and examines the possible socio-economic and environmental impacts of fish trade liberalisation. Discusses how these issues have been addressed in relevant WTO agreement and ongoing multilateral trade negotiation and concludes by identifying a range of priority area for action in the context of the WTO, capacity building initiatives and national policy.,


Published - 2006
Export Directory of Professional Services, Republic of Cuba 2004,
CUBA,EXPORT,DIRECTORY,


Published - 2004
Doing business in Belize: 2010 country commercial guide for US companies,
BELIZE,TRADE PRACTICES,TRADE FACILITATION,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,IMPORT POLICY,TRADE POLICY,INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES,


Published - 2010
Towards a Caribbean consensus: a region coping with globalisation.,
CARIBBEAN.,REGIONAL CO-OPERATION.,GLOBALISATION.,


Published - February, 2000
Evaluation of trade information services: guidelines for Trade promotion Organisations.,
EVALUATION.,INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.,INFORMATION SYSTEMS.,


Published - 2001
ACP.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,


Published - 2000
Business guide to the General Agreement on Trade in Services. Revised edition.,
GATS.,SERVICES TRADE.,URUGUAY ROUND.,

Updated version of Business Guide to the General Agreement on Trade in Services 1999 ed. Guide to the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) and the key features of the multilateral system of trade rules covering services. Examines rights and benefits conferred and obligations imposed by GATS on the business community and governments; implications for developing countries and economies in transition. Identifies main opportunities and challenges encountered at the practical business level in the implementation of GATS rules and market access commitments.,


Published - 2000
Global Monitoring Report 2011 - Improving the Odds of Achieving the MDGs,
IMF,THE WORLD BANK,MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS,GLOBAL MONITORING REPORT 2011,

Only four years remain until the 2015 deadline for reaching the Millennium Development Goals. This report underlines the urgency of helping countries that are behind on meeting key targets for extreme poverty, hunger, disease, and child and maternal mortality. The report lays out the challenges that remain; analyzes efforts to improve human development; and assesses the role of growth, policy reforms, trade, and donor policies in meeting the MDGs.,


Published - 2011
World Development Report 2011 - Conflict, Security, and Development,
Complete 2011 WDR Conflict,Security and Development,CONFLICT,SECURITY,WORLD BANK,WORLD DEVELOPMENT REPORT,

The World Development Report 2011: Conflict, Security, and Development examines the changing nature of violence in the 21st century, and underlines the negative impact of repeated cycles of violence on a country or region’s development prospects. Preventing violence and building peaceful states that respond to the aspirations of their citizens requires strong leadership and concerted national and international efforts. The Report is based on new research, case studies and extensive consultations with leaders and development practitioners throughout the world.,


Published - 2011
Report to the Secretary-General of the United nations: Unleasing entrepreneurship in making business work for the poor,
UNDP.,PROVERTY.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION.,

This report offers recommendations on how the major actors; government, public development institutions, the private sector and civil society organisations can modify their actions and approaches to significantly enhance the ability of the private sector to advance the development process.,


Published - 2004
Market Access, Transparency and Fairness in Global Trade: Export Impact For Good 2010,
POVERTY REDUCTION,MARKET ACCESS,NON-TARIFF BARRIERS,PREFERENTIAL TARIFFS,FAIR TRADE,STANDARDS,

First of an annual series on market access issues, focusing on reducing global poverty by improving market entry for developing countries and fairness in trade – discusses trade transparency and fairness in the context of global trade; highlights key market access issues for developing countries such as tariffs, non-tariff measures and the utilization of preferences; examines the relationship between export development and poverty reduction, and outlines implications for both developing country policies as well as international measures to improve markets; presents an analysis of the outcomes and impact of ‘Fair Trade’ voluntary standards on producers and exporters in developing countries; includes statistical data, and bibliography (pp. 136–144).,


Published - 2010
Final report - Caribbean Export Design Initiative,
CARIBBEAN DESIGN NETWORK,DESIGN,HANDICRAFTS,CARIBBEAN,


Published - February, 2009
Doing business in the Dominican Republic.,
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC.,INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES.,INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY.,

This document gives a general overview of the Dominican Republic's cultural, political and economic climate. Looks at the country's legal and economic framework in respect to investment, special regulations and investment opportunities, the treatment of each form of investment, regulations on company formation and operation, taxation, industrial relations, environmental law, immigration law and intellectual property protection. Also examines the preferential market access rights and the treatment granted to Dominican products and businesses under certain international agreements.,


Published - 2010
Global development finance 2010: External debt of developing countries
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, DEBT FINANCING, FINANCING

The World Bank's annual report on debt financing of developing countries, provides data from 128 developing countries on how the financial crisis affected their access to international capital flows. The report contains statistical tables showing the external debt of 128 developing countries that report to the World Bank's Debtor Reporting System (DRS). It highlights World Bank support for development countries and reviews major financial developments during the period. The report is available for download at http://siteresources.worldbank.org/NEWS/Resources/gdf2010.pdf.




Published - 2010
The Commonwealth yearbook, 2006.,
YEARBOOK.,COMMONWEALTH,

This yearbook gives general information on the Commonwealth and its members, looks at the evolution of the Commonwealth, and provides information on Commonwealth organizations and dependencies of member countries.,


Published - 2006
Trade and market access data for policy makers,
SERVICES,TRADE FACILITATION,NON TARIFF BARRIERS,DATA PROCESSING,INFORMATION SYSTEMS,

This World Trade Organization (WTO) publication is an updated version of a document prepared for Data Day on May 18-19, 2009. It focuses on databases kept by international agencies and covers services, tariffs and trade, non-tariff measures, agriculture-specific issues, trade facilitation, and indicators and modelling. Each section introduces the subject and provides a list of the main datasets and tools prepared by international organizations to support trade policy analysis and decision making. It includes information on the kind of issues the data may help to resolve, data coverage, how to get the data and who the contact person is. Annex I provides an overview of the databases available. Details on the "Data Day" programme are provided in Annex II. The brochure is available for download on http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/broch_dataday_feb10_e.pdf,


Published - 2010
Export offer of the Eastern region of Cuba.,
CUBA.,DIRECTORY.,

This directory covers the five eastern provinces in the Cuba. Identifies producers and exporters in these provinces as well as the products and services they offer using the harmonized system of codification.,


Published - 2002
1SO 9001 Fitness Checker: a practical, easy-to-use checklist designed to help SMEs assess their readiness for ISO 9001 certification.,
ISO 9001.,CERTIFICATION.,QUALITY STANDARDS.,QUALITY MANAGEMENT.,QUALITY SYSTEMS.,SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES.,

Checklist of questions covering various aspects of teh setting-up, implementation and certification of a quality mangement system according to ISO 9001:2000; aimed at small and medium enterprises in developing countries and economies in transition. Gives overview of requirements of ISO 9001; allows enterprises to determine the status of the enterprise vis-a-vis the requirements; helps to identify main areas for improvement. Checklist organized in 11 parts, each covering a particular aspect of enterprise's certification or registration to ISO 9001 with a brief explanation of the requirement and further information. Includes selective bibliography of ISO standards with prices.,


Published - 2002
A Commonwealth vulnerability index for developing countries: the position of small states.,
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,

There is growing international recognition that high economic exposure, remoteness and isolation, and proneness to natural disasters have a debilitating effect on small economies, despite the fact that some of them exhibit relatively high per capita incomes. The purpose of this paper is to present a Commonwealth vulnerability index that is designed to quantify the vulnerability of a country and hence provide a means to identify vulnerable states. Such an index could be used as an operational tool in determining whether small states should be accorded differential treatment by the international development community. It is proposed that the index could be used as an additional criterion to augment other factors, such as per capita income, which are taken into account in reaching decisions on the treatment of certain developing countries by international organisations.,


Published - 2000
Networks- adding value for the future: opportunities, challenges and the role of Caribbean Export Development Agency,
TRADE OPPORTUNTIES,TRADE SUPPORT INSTITUTIONS CARIBBEAN,


Published - 2008
Costa Rica 2007, Directorio de Exportadores e Importadores,
COSTA RICA,EXPORT DIRECTORY,IMPORT DIRECTORY,


Published - 2007
Doing business in Canada: 2010 country commercial guide for US companies,
CANADA,TRADE PRACTICES,TRADE FACILITATION,TRADE OPPORTUNITIES,TRADE POLICY,IMPORT POLICY,INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES,


Published - 2010
Guia de Comercio Exterior Exportadores,
COLUMBIA,EXPORT DIRECTORY,


Published - 2002
The Caribbean in the decade of the 90s - summary 2000.,
CARIBBEAN.,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS.,


Published - 2000
Report on the Guildeline for technical reglations and standards in the European union market for essencial producces,
HANDICRAFT,STANDARDS,EU,SMES,CARIBBEAN,DESIGN,ONSITE CARIBEAN,

This report was prepared for Caribbean designers and artisans as part of the onsite c'bean 2 projects, which is aimed at developing unique products using a merger of Caribbean- based talent enterfacing with artiseral producers. The report summer was legistative and non-legistative requirements and aims to finalicrise small and medium enterprises (SMEs) of the marlet access requirements or the EU market. PDF- Report on technical regulatust standeres in the EU.,


Published - 2009
Preliminary overview of Caribbean economies 2003-2004.,
CARIBBEAN.,INTRAREGIONAL TRADE.,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS.,

This overview looks at economic activity in the Caribbean including regional and national trends, macroeconomic policy and inflation, and external trade. Also includes statistical appendices.,


Published - February, 2004
Sport Tourism,
TOURISM,SPORTS,STORTS TOURISM,CARIBBEAN,

The book is the product of the five-year extensive research project funded by ADRIENS and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). It was reviewed by the Caribbean tourism Organisation (CTO). The Volume establishes the increasing importance of sport business, sport sevices export and sport tourism to economies of the caribbean. As part of cultural industry, sport contributes considerably to infrastructural development, tourist arrivals, hotel occupancy, foreign exchange earnings, and job creation. For Further information on the Book, Contact Peter Adrien, P.O.box 1133, Basseterre, St Kitts, West Indies, Tel: 1(869) 465-1603, Cel: +1(869) 465-1603, Cell +(869) 668-9752, Fax (869) 466-7831, Email: info@goadriens.com, Website: Http://www.goadriens.com,


Published - 2008
Trade Secrets: the export answer book for small and medium sized exporters - Trinidad and Tobago.,
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO.,FOREIGN TRADE TECHNIQUES.,TRADE PRACTICES.,EXPORT MARKETING.,TRADE AGREEMENTS.,

Handbook, customised to suit the needs of exporting enterprises in Trinidad and Tobago and answering the most commonly asked questions related to the export process - covers market research, cultural issues, marketing, market entry methods, agents and distributors, trade shows, foreign trade regulations, quality standards, pricing, export financing, transportation, electronic commerce, packaging and labelling; outlines preferential trade agreements singed by Trinidad and Tobago; includes text of Article VI of WTO Agreement on Tariffs and Trade; samples of various trade documents and glossary of related terms.,


Published - 2000
How involved are Barbadian companies? (importing and exporting in the CSME area).,
REGIONAL COOPERATION.,CSME.,BARBADOS.,SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES.,


Published - 2004
Proceedings of the 21st National Online Meeting, 2000.,
INFORMATICS.,INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.,INFORMATION SCIENCES.,INFORMATION SERVICES.,INFORMATION SYSTEMS.,


Published - 2000
Creative Economy Report 2008: The Challenge of assessing the creative economy- towards informed policy-making,
CREATIVE INDUSTRIES,DESIGN,INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY,

The Creative Economy Report 2008 includes contributions from UNCTAD, the UN Development Programme, the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation, the World Intellectual Property Organisation and ITC. It is the first study giving the UN’s views on this topic. It presents the most recent data and outlines the opportunities and challenges for this dynamic industry. The report is available for download at http://www.unctad.org/en/docs/ditc20082cer_en.pdf,


Published - 2008
Foreign investment in developing countries: does it crowd domestic investment?,
FOREIGN INVESTMENT.,DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.,AFRICA.,ASIA.,LATIN AMERICA.,INVESTMENT.,

This paper assesses the extent to which foreign direct investment in developing countries crowds in or crowds out domestic investment. We develop a theoretical model of investment that includes an FDI variable and we proceed to test it with panel data for the period 1970-1996 and the tow subperiods 1976-1985 and 1986-1996. The model is run for three developing regions (Africa, Asia and Latin America). One version of the model allows us to distinguish crowding out effects for individual countries within each region. The results indicate that in Asia - but less so in Africa - there has been strong crowding out has been the norm in Latin America. The conclusion we reach is that the effects of FDI on domestic investment are by no means always favourable and that simplistic policies toward FDI are unlikely to be optimal.,


Published - February, 2000
Caribbean trade and investment report 2000: dynamics interface of regionalism and globalisation.,
CARIBBEAN.,ECONOMIC CONDITIONS.,CARICOM TRADE.,INVESTMENT.,TRADE POLICY.,

This report focuses on trade and investment and the implications for the process of economic trasformation.,


Published - 2000
Cruise market study,
CRUISE,SURINAME,TOURISM,SOCIO-ECOOMIC CONDITIONS,TRANSPORTATION,

This study report has analysed all elements of the cruise tourism sector, duly consolidating the elements into the relevant macro aspects. This analysis aims to develop a better understanding of the features, characteristics, demands and trends related to the cruise tourism market, in order to enable METS and its trade partners, of both the public and private sector, to develop appropriate strategies and market activities that are required for developing its full potential for Suriname.,


Published - February, 2009
Competition Policy in CARIFORUM.,
CARIFOUM.,COMPETITION.,TRADE PRACTICES.,


Published - January, 2000
The development of services in the Caribbean.,
SERVICES.,CARIBBEAN.,


Published - January, 2003
EU strategic marketing guide 2001: fresh fruit and vegetables. Volume 1
FRUIT, VEGETABLES, EROPEAN UNION, MARKETING RESEARCH

This survey profiles the European Union market for fresh fruit and vegetables. Describes the key characteristics and trends in demand created by both the domestic consumer market and by the European trade of fresh fruit and vegetables. Also examines the export and import trends with a focus on the import trade and the major sources of imports, particularly in developing countries.




Published - January 2001
Issues, effects and implications of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) Agreement for CARICOM economies.,
FREE TRADE AREA.,TRADE AGREEMENT.,CARICOM.,


Published - January, 2004
Strategic marketing plan for the promotion of professional services exports - Barbados,
PROFESSIONAL SERVICES, BARBADOS, EXPORT MARKETING, EXPORT PROMOTION

Provides a vision of how the export of professional services can help Barbados transform itself to compete successfully in the knowledge-based, global economy of the 21st Century. It assesses the economic challenges that the country faces, sets out a vision of what successful implementation of the strategy would deliver and provides an overview of the strategy for promoting professional services, outlining which sectors and markets to focus on and how to position the country. In addition it sets out in detail market trends, the country's capability and competitiveness and the marketing strategy for each of the six sectors. The concluding chapter sets out the action plan and institutional arrangements for implementing the marketing strategy as a whole.




Published - January 2007
Strategic marketing plan for the promotion of professional services exports - Trinidad and Tobago
PROFESSIONAL SERVICES, TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO, EXPORT MARKETING, EXPORT PROMOTION

Provides a vision of how the export of professional services can help Trinidad and Tobago Atransform itself to compete successfully in the knowledge-based, global economy of the 21st Century. It assesses the economic challenges that the country faces, sets out a vision of what successful implementation of the strategy would deliver and provides an overview of the strategy for promoting professional services, outlining which sectors and markets to focus on and how to position the country. In addition it sets out in detail market trends, the country's capability and competitiveness and the marketing strategy for each of the six sectors. The concluding chapter sets out the action plan and institutional arrangements for implementing the marketing strategy as a whole.




Published - January 2007
Strategic marketing plan for the promotion of professional services export - Commonwealth of Dominica
PROFESSIONAL SERVICES,COMMONWEALTH OF DOMINICA,EXPORT PROMOTION,EXPORT MARKETING,

Provides a vision of how the export of professional services can help the Comonwealth of Dominica transform itself to compete successfully in the knowledge-based, global economy of the 21st Century. It assesses the economic challenges that the country faces, sets out a vision of what successful implementation of the strategy would deliver and provides an overview of the strategy for promoting professional services, outlining which sectors and markets to focus on and how to position the country. In addition it sets out in detail market trends, the country's capability and competitiveness and the marketing strategy for each of the six sectors. The concluding chapter sets out the action plan and institutional arrangements for implementing the marketing strategy as a whole.




Published - January 2007
Strategic marketing plan for the promotion of professional services exports - Saint Lucia
PROFESSIONAL SERVICES, SAINT LUCIA, EXPORT PROMOTION, EXPORT MARKETING

Provides a vision of how the export of professional services can help Saint Lucia transform itself to compete successfully in the knowledge-based, global economy of the 21st Century. It assesses the economic challenges that the country faces, sets out a vision of what successful implementation of the strategy would deliver and provides an overview of the strategy for promoting professional services, outlining which sectors and markets to focus on and how to position the country. In addition it sets out in detail market trends, the country's capability and competitiveness and the marketing strategy for each of the six sectors. The concluding chapter sets out the action plan and institutional arrangements for implementing the marketing strategy as a whole.




Published - January 2007
Food quality and safety standards as required by EU law and the private industry. A practitioners reference book
FOOD, FOOD STANDARDS, FRESH AND PROCESSED FRUITS, FRESH AND PROCESSED VEGETABLES, SPICES, WTO, HERBS, EUROPEAN UNION, GERMANY, ISO

This reference book gives an overview of legislative and private industry market requirements in the European Union for selected product groups such as fresh and processed fruit and vegetables, herbs and spices as well as dried fruit and nuts. Furthermore, the booklet aims at creating awareness and establishing a platform for policy-makers, the business community, relevant control, research and training institutions in developing and transition countries in general with a view of the urgent need to set-up appropriate framework conditions and structures and develop the necessary human capacities for food quality assurance and health protection.




Published - January 2007
Assessment of current trade flows between CARICOM and the Dominican Republic
CARICOM, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, TRADE POLICY, TRADE AGREEMENT, ECOMONIC PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT, CARIFORUM, EPA

This report provides an analysis of current Exporters of the Dominican Republic to CARICOM, and from CARICOM to Dominican Republic, by sectors, sub-sectors and final destination countries, for the period 2005 - 2009 (ene-jun).  It asseses the implementation of the CARICOM-DR Free Trade Agreement, identification of Success Stories, and problems in the implementation of market access provisions of the FTA and the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) as a catalyst for increasing trade and investment flows within CARIFORUM.

 




Published - April 2012
Explanatory document for the Trade and Economic Co-operation Agreement between CARICOM and Cuba
CARICOM, CUBA, TRADE AGREEMENT, TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

The Trade and Economic Co-operation Agreement co-signed by the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the Government of the Republic of Cuba in July, 2000 is a critical component of Trinidad and Tobago’s trade negotiation programme as we pursue market access opportunities for local manufacturers and services providers.  The Agreement, which is the forerunner of a more elaborate trade agreement between the two Parties, provides for duty-free treatment of a number of goods, and includes provisions for specific agricultural products to be afforded duty free treatment at scheduled periods during the year. In addition, the Agreement contains a timetable for the elimination of tariffs on specific products, through phased reductions. Further, it addresses such activities as taxation, trade promotion and facilitation, trade in services, tourism, investment, and intellectual property rights, and outlines future cooperation between the Parties in the context of a built-in agenda.

 




Published - January 2007
Cost- benefit analysis of the free Trade Zone system: the impact of foreign Direct Investment in Costa Rica
COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS, FREE TRADE ZONE, FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT, COSTA RICA

This new study by Ricardo Monge-González, Julio Rosales-Tijerino, and Gilberto Arce-Alpízar takes a different approach to the role of investment and investment promotion mechanisms in development. Using a cost-benefit analysis, the authors show how free trade zones (FTZs) in Costa Rica have been successful over the last 15 years in facilitating a shift in foreign investment towards high-skill operations that provide employment opportunities in higher productivity and higher wage activities. This case study shows how FTZs, and complementary policies, have been a key mechanism in the movement of Costa Rica to a new growth trajectory based on higher productivity and higher wage activities. In examing the productive linkage between multinational firm (MNCs) and locally-based suppliers, this study highlights one of Costa Rica's Greatest achievement in its quest to take advantage of globalization. Close to 150 Costa Rican Firms are Currently producing goods and services they sells to MNCs established in Free Trade Zones (FTZa). Seventy-nine percent of these local suppliers are micro or small firms. The study also underlines the importance of knowledge spillovers and analyses some of its main channels. MNCs operating in Costa Rican FTZs Provides training to local suppliers. Engineers, technicians, and administrators who once worked for multinationals in FTZs are now working for local suppliers. Through these and other mechanisms foreign direct investment in Costa Rica has made an important contribution to upgrading the skills and knowledge base of the economy.




Published - January 2005
Business process outsourcing: key lessons for developing countries
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, BUSINESS SERVICES, TRADE POLICY

Business Process Outsourcing lets companies from Europe and the US take full advantage of the realities of globalization by exporting certain business processes to developing countries, where local providers can do the work cheaper, faster and better. Advances in Information and Communication Technologies, together with the globalization of the world economy, have led to a rapid internationalization of Business Process outsourcing (BPO). An export-oriented BPO-sector offers many opportunities for developing countries. The purpose of this study is to provide a general introduction, especially for readers who are not yet familiar with this business sector. We will deal with several topics: what kind of business services can be offered? What are the specific advantages for developing countries? What are the critical principal success factors? What is the responsibility of a government? How can the BPO-service providers find clients in the rich countries?




Published - [2010]
Directory: importers and exporters of Belize
BELIZE, DIRECTORY, FOREIGN TRADE

This directory contains information on Belizean suppliers of various traditional and non-traditional products, as well as a number of important service organizations associated with foreign trade operations. In addition, it provides basic information on Belize and its economy in general, and developments in important sectors, including foreign trade of the country.




Published - [2008]

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